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MATTHEW. Jesus is the Promised Messiah A Handbook for Christian Living Written by Myron G. Heavin Edited by Dr. John Furman. Matthew. Author: Matthew Key Passages: (16:16-19) For who do you say that I am? You are the Christ, the Son of God” (28:18-20) The Great Commission

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MATTHEW

Jesus is the Promised Messiah

A Handbook for Christian Living

Written by Myron G. Heavin

Edited by Dr. John Furman


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Matthew

  • Author: Matthew

  • Key Passages:

    • (16:16-19) For who do you say that I am? You are the Christ, the Son of God”

    • (28:18-20) The Great Commission

  • Key Idea: Jesus is the promised Messiah


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Purposes of Matthew

  • Regeneration – unbelievers (mostly Jewish) coming to faith in Jesus

  • Transformation – believers becoming more Christ-like

  • Consolation – encourage Christians (mostly Jewish under persecution)

  • Evangelism – all Christians involved in “making disciples”


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Special Features in Matthew

  • Mountain motif (evidenced in 13 passages)

  • More references to Jewish religious leaders

  • Focus on “fulfill” and “fulfilled”

  • Jesus depicted as prophet, priest, and king

  • Only gospel mentioning the church

  • Arranged topically, not chronologically

  • Deficient faith among the disciples

  • “Why have you forsaken me” on the cross


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Ways to Underscore Messiah

  • Genealogy

  • 130 Prophesies

  • Miracles (signs)

  • Titles “King of Jews”

  • Son of David


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Basic Outline

  • 1:1-11:1 Offer of the King

  • 11:2-28:20 Rejection of the King


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Jesus, the Promised Messiah5 Great Discourses in Matthew

  • The Sermon on the Mount (5-7)

  • Commission & Instructions to the 12 (10)

  • Parables of the Kingdom (13)

  • The Teachings on Patience & Humility (18)

  • The Olivet Discourse (24-25)

  • Note: Each Discourse is further outlined as

    • Setting

    • Teaching

    • Transitional Conclusion


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Matthew Detailed Outline

  • 1:1-2:23 Origin and Birth of Messiah

  • 3:1-4:25 Preparation & Initiation of Messiah’ Ministry

  • 5:1-7:29 1st Great Discourse : Sermon on the Mount

  • 8:1-9:36 Validation of Messiah’ Authority

  • 10:1-11:12nd Great Discourse: Commission & Instructions to 12

  • 11:2-12:50 Confrontations with Messiah

  • 13:1-13:53 3rd Great Discourse: Parables of the Kingdom

  • 13:54-17:27 Polarization surrounding Messiah

  • 18:1-19:2 4th Great Discourse: Humility & Forgiveness

  • 19:3-23:39 Presentation of Jesus as Messiah

  • 24:1-26:5 5th Great Discourse: The Olivet Discourse

  • 26:6-28:20 Culmination & Confirmation of The Messiah


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Genealogy of JesusMatthew 1:1-17

  • God worked thru obedient and disobedient people to accomplish his purposes

  • Jesus descended from King David (in a legal sense), mentioned before Abraham

  • That women are uncharacteristically mentioned supports the view that God is not gender-biased

  • That both Gentiles and Jews are mentioned, again supporting the view that God is not racial-biased.


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Genealogy of JesusMatthew 1:1-17

  • Unusual for women to be mentioned

  • Tamar – harlot

  • Rahab – prostitute

  • Bathsheba – adulteress

  • Gentiles in genealogy

  • Brothers and sisters listed in Mark 6:3


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Genealogies Shown (to support theme)

  • Matthew traces genealogy from Abraham (Messiah)

  • Mark has no genealogy

  • Luke traces genealogy from Adam (Son of man)

  • John traces genealogy from creation itself (Son of God)


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The visit of the Magi (gentiles?)Matthew 2:1-12

  • They came from the east – possibly Persia (think Daniel)

  • Took about 1½ years to travel

  • They visited after Jesus was born

  • Herod killed all babies 2 years old & under

  • Jesus is referred to as a child


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The Star

  • Was in the east (East of Jerusalem)

  • Appeared to move

  • Led them to house of Jesus

  • Could have been a real star

  • Perhaps was an angel

  • Pillar of light led the Israelites


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Egypt - Israelites & Jesus

  • Both came from Canaan

  • Both fled to Egypt

  • Both came out of Egypt

  • Passover & Jesus being “passed over”

  • Moses was the lawgiver, Jesus was the law-fulfiller.

  • Aaron was an earthly priest, Jesus was a heavenly priest.


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John the BaptistLuke 1:57-80

  • Forerunner of Jesus

  • A second cousin of Jesus

  • John’s Father was a priest, Zechariah

  • John’s Mother was a descendent of Aaron

  • Extremely well known in ancient world

  • Still has followers today

  • Questioned Jesus Messiahship (11:2-6)

  • Was not a “Christian”, not under the new covenant. (Matthew 11:11)


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Baptism of John the Baptist

  • Only a water baptism of repentance

  • Did not save people

  • People rose up to new life as God-fearers

  • Those baptized had to be baptized again with fire by the Holy Spirit (Acts 19:1-5)


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Baptism of JesusMatthew 3:13-17

  • Jesus was about 30 years old

  • Qualified as High Priest

  • Spirit came upon Jesus then

  • He was initiated as Messiah then

  • He began organizing His Messiahship soon after

  • Jesus never baptized anyone – His disciples did this in His name.


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Temptation of JesusMatthew 4:1-11

  • Led by the Spirit

  • Only became hungry after 40 days

    • John 4:32

  • Tempted with bread, protection, and power.

  • Temptation not recorded in John

    • (John – Son of God – theme)

  • Similar to Moses in Deuteronomy 9:9


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Jesus Begins His MinistryMatthew 4:12-17

  • In Galilee – valley of the gentiles (4:15)

  • Only after John the Baptist imprisonment

  • Selected some disciples


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Matthew Sequence

  • Baptism by John the Baptist (3:13-17)

  • Temptation (4:1-11)

  • Went to Galilee (land of gentiles) (4:12)

  • First fulfillment (Capernaum – almost out of Israel) – Luke 4

  • Called disciples (4:18-22)

  • Wedding Feast at Cana (John 2)

  • Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7)


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First 7 Days of Jesus MinistryJohn 1

  • John the Baptist preaching (19)

  • Jesus Baptized (23)

  • Jesus calls 2 of John’s disciples (35)

  • Jesus calls others (43)

  • Wedding at Cana (2:1)

    - Married the church.


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Jesus Begins His MinistryMatthew 4:23-25

  • Went throughout Galilee (23)

    • Teaching and healing

    • Proclaiming the Kingdom of God

  • News spread throughout Syria (24)

  • Large crowds followed him from

    • Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea


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Sermon on the MountMatthew 5-8

  • All important events in Matthew occurred on a mount (13 times)

  • He spoke to his disciples (5:1)

  • Beatitudes (5:3-12)

  • Therefore: light & salt (5:13-16)

  • Law and Prophets remain (5:17-19)


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Sermon on the MountOverview of Contents

  • Prayer (6:5-15)

  • Forgiveness (6:12-15)

  • Where is your heart? (6:16-24)

  • Anxiety (6:25-34)

  • Judging Others (7:1-6)

  • How to treat others (7:7-12)

  • Narrow and wide gate (7:13-14)

  • Bearing good fruit (7:15-23)


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Sermon on the MountKey Verse Matthew 5:20

“For I say to you that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes, and the Pharisees, you will not enter the Kingdom of Heaven”.

  • You must be born again to be declared righteous.

  • Good works (Pharisees) will not save you


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Sermon on the MountApproaches to This Teaching

  • Doctrine of two kingdoms – M. Luther

    • Christian private lives and work lives

  • Catholic – only those in a Monastery

  • C. I. Scofield – only in new dispensation after return of Christ

  • Take at face value

    • Except for 5:29-30

    • Possible only by being “born again”


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Sermon on the MountResulting Acts of Righteousness

  • Public Religious Life (6:1-18)

  • Personal Interior Life (6:19-34)

  • Inter-Personal Relational Life (7:1-12)


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Sermon on the MountPublic Religious Life (6:1-18)

  • Acts of Righteousness (6:1)

  • Giving to the Needy (6:2-4)

  • Praying (6:5-15)

    • God’s Kingdom, God’s Will

    • Sin and Forgiveness

    • Spiritual Battle

  • Fasting 6:16-18)


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Sermon on the MountPersonal Interior Life (6:19-34)

  • Choose your master: God or Wealth (19-24)

  • Choose your provider: God or Worry (25-34)


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Sermon on the MountInter-personal Relational Life (7:1-12)

  • Judging Others Inappropriately (7:1-5)

  • Evaluating Others Appropriately (7:6)

  • God’s Guidance in Relationship to Others (7:7-12)


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Sermon on the MountYour Choices and Actions (7:13-29)

  • Choosing

    • Narrow & Broad Gates and Roads (7:13-14)

  • Fruits – Results of actions

    • Prophets: True & False (7:15-20)

    • Disciples: True & False (7:21-23)

    • Builders: Wise & Foolish (7:24-27)

  • The Reaction of the Crowds (7:28-29)


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Verification of Jesus MinistryMatthew 8-9 Authority in the

  • Physical Realm (8:1-15)

  • Spiritual Realm (8:16-17)

  • Ministry Realm (8:18-22)

  • Natural Realm (8:23-27)

  • Religious Realm (9:5-17)

  • Death-Life Realm (9:18-26)

  • Anatomical Realm (9:27-34)

  • Intercessor Realm (9:35-38)


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Verification of Jesus MinistryMatthew 8-9 3 Sets of 3 Miracles

  • Healing the marginalized

    • Not the rich or the rulers

  • Spiritual power overcoming Satan

    • Nature, demonic world, and disease

  • Compassion with unexpected miracles

    • Raises the dead, heals blind, mute can talk.

    • Blind men “saw” Jesus, followed him, and called him “Son of David” – a Messianic title.


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Verification of Jesus MinistryMatthew 8-9

  • Healed a leper (8:2-4)

  • Healed from afar (8:5-13)

  • Healed Peters’ Mother-in-Law (8:14-15)

  • Drove out demons (8:16-17)

  • Lord of nature (8:18-27)

  • Casts demons into swine (8:28-34)

    • Why swine – implies not among Israelites


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Verification of Jesus MinistryMatthew 8-9 (continued)

  • Forgave sins then healed (9:1-8)

  • Matthew called (9:9-10)

    • Pharisees very upset with Him eating with Matthew

  • Righteousness Teaching (9:14-17)

  • Healing miracles (9:18-20)

  • Raised the dead (9:23-31)

  • Messianic miracle (9:32-36)


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Ordination & Instruction to the 12Matthew 10

  • Commissioning the 12 for miracles (1-4)

    • First Time Disciples are mentioned

    • Listed as 3 groups of 4

  • Instructions for

    • Short-Term mission (5-15)

    • Long-Term mission (16-23)

  • Characteristics of Missionary Disciples (24-42)

    • Will be persecuted – just like Jesus was

    • Falsely accused – like Jesus was

    • Fear him that can destroy the soul, not the body


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Ordination & Instruction to the 12Matthew 10

  • Mission

    • Go to the Lost Sheep of Israel (6)

    • Go to the Gentiles (18)

    • Preach same message as Jesus did(1-8)

    • Responsibility of all believers – not a special category of believers

  • Particularism and universalism

  • Discipleship

  • Persecution and suffering


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John’s QuestionMatthew 11:1-19

  • Now when John, while imprisoned heard of the works of Christ, he sent word by his disciples, and said to Him, “Are you the Expected One, or shall we look for someone else”?

  • Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and report to John what you hear and see: the blind receive sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them.” (Matthew 11:2-6)


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John’s Question Matthew 11:1-19 (Continued)

  • John was in prison, depressed

  • Wanted to know if Jesus was Messiah

  • How do we tell false prophets (Christians)?

    • By their works (not their words)

  • Jesus did not answer He was the Messiah

    • This shows His humility

  • The least in the Kingdom will be greater than John (11)

    • John was “Old Covenant”

    • New covenant instituted at last supper


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Remember our Basic Outline:

  • 1:1-11:1 Offer of the King

    • Jesus public ministry

  • 11:2-28:20 Rejection of the King

    • Jesus now begins “His” private ministry to his disciples


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Rejection of Jesus!Matthew 11:20-30(Transition)

  • Condemnation of cities because they saw works but did not believe (20-24)

  • Hiding of truth (Jesus) from unrepentant sinners (25)

  • Showing of truth (Jesus) to those Jesus has chosen

    • Private Ministry

  • Followers have a yoke upon them, but find true rest (28-30)


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Key Chapter in Matthew Chapter 12

  • Jesus picks grain and heals on Sabbath (Lord of Sabbath)

  • Pharisees plot his destruction

  • Jesus denounces the Pharisees


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Jesus – Lord of the SabbathMatthew Chapter 12:1-21

  • Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath (12:8)

    • Jesus picks grain on the Sabbath

    • Jesus heals on the Sabbath

  • The Pharisees react by conspiring how they might destroy Him

  • Jesus reacts by withdrawing and asking people to not say who He was


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Pharisees RebukedMatthew Chapter 12:22-37

  • Messianic miracle – Jesus heals a blind, mute, demon-possessed man

    • The crowds recognized a Messianic miracle (12:22-23)

  • Pharisees said He got power from Devil

    • This revealed their unpardonable rejection of the Holy Spirit (12:32)

  • Jesus rebukes the Pharisees (12:33-37)


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The Sign of Jonah, MotherMatthew Chapter 12:38-50

  • Jesus gives them the sign of Jonah

    • 3 days in the earth(38-41)

  • He condemns this generation (42-45)

  • Who is my Mother and Brothers?

    • His disciples and followers (49-50)


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Parables of the KingdomMatthew Chapter 13:1-52

  • Why Parables?

    • To hide truths from non-believers

    • To show truths to believers

    • People remember parables

  • Result of Chapter 12 Rejection

  • To fulfill prophecy (13:10-17)

  • Audience Reactions based on

    • Believers ability to understand

    • Spiritual ears


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Meaning of ParablesMatthew Chapter 13:1-52

  • Old Times – Allegory - Study all parts

    • Every detail important

  • Recent Past – have just one meaning

    • Details “make a story”

  • Now – have just one meaning

    • Details are somewhat important


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Parables of the KingdomMatthew Chapter 13:1-52

  • Parables given to the crowds

    • Sower and the Seed

      • Given to large crowds (13:1-9)

      • Explained to disciples (13:18-23)

    • Tares among Wheat (24-30)

      • Explained to disciples (13:36-43)

    • Mustard Seed (13:31-32)

    • The Leaven (13:33-34)

  • Parables given privately to disciples

    • Hidden Treasure (13:44)

    • A Costly Pearl (13:45-46)

    • A Dragnet (13:47-52)


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Reaction to ParablesMatthew Chapter 13:1-52

  • Some follow Jesus Teachings

  • Some follow Pharisees Teachings

  • Some “strattle the fence”

  • Parables speak to believers but further blind others (Who is Jesus?)

  • Notice disciples understood parables in Matthew 13:51, but crowds needed explanations.


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Kingdom of Heaven (God)

  • What is the Kingdom of God?


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Kingdom of Heaven (God)Holman Bible Dictionary

  • Jesus never said that people are to build the kingdom of God. On the contrary, the establishment of the kingdom is a work of God. God will reign, and people can contribute nothing to that reigning of God.

  • So the kingdom of God was the rule of God which He extended over human lives through the ministry of Jesus.


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Kingdom of HeavenWhy?

But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second. (Hebrews 8:6-7)


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Kingdom of Heaven (God)

  • It began slowly, but now has billions of followers

  • Only some people understand Christianity / Bible

  • Most people reject Christianity and cannot understand it

  • People need to seek out God, accept his truths, and follow them (all 3)


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Polarization Surrounding MessiahMatthew Chapter (13:54 – 17:27)

  • Jesus Revisits Nazareth

    • Second rejection by His Jewish People

  • John the Baptist beheaded (14:1-12)

    • Rejection by the civilian authorities

  • Five Thousand (Jews) fed (14:13-21)

    • 12 smaller (disciples lunch bags?) baskets

  • Jesus Walks on Water (14:22-36)

  • Tradition & Commandment (15:1-20)

    • Rejection by Jewish Leaders


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How do we Reject Jesus?Matthew Chapter (13:54 – 17:27)

  • Fail to read / understand His Word

  • Fail to take time to “see” His creation

  • Fail to see the Trinity (Mormon, JW)

  • Fail to fear Him (a very nice guy)

  • Everything is situational

    • Today is better, that was 2000 years ago

    • Rationalize (understand) better today

  • Catholics have their canon = scripture


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Third Year

Ministry


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Polarization Surrounding MessiahMatthew Chapter (13:54 – 17:27)

  • After Rejection, Jesus Flees Israel

    • goes North to Sidon & Tyre

  • Jesus heals Canaanite woman (15:21-28)

    • A transition passage

  • Jesus Feeds 4000 (15:32-39)

    • These are Gentiles in Decapolis (outside Israel)

    • 7 Leftover baskets larger than 12 Jewish baskets

  • Pharisees Test Jesus (16:1-12)

    • Jesus speaks in parables here


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Polarization Surrounding MessiahMatthew Chapter (13:54 – 17:27)

  • Peter’s Confession of Christ (16:13-20)

    • Peter was the rock

      • (Catholic and Dr. Wilkinson position)

      • Petros is Greek word - Jesus spoke Aramaic. Peter was named Cephas leading to “You are rock” in Aramaic.

    • Believers hearts are the rock

    • Jesus was the real rock

    • All of the above (Dr. Martinez)

  • Jesus downplayed being Messiah!

    • This displays humility of God/Jesus


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Polarization Surrounding MessiahMatthew Chapter (13:54 – 17:27)

  • First time “church” is used

    • (Matthew only gospel that mentions church)

  • “Shall have been bound” means comply with “the heavenly pattern”

    • Many misinterpret this with church power

  • Keys of the Kingdom used by Peter

    • Pentecost (Acts 2)

    • Opening Kingdom to gentiles


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Polarization Surrounding MessiahThe Growth of PeterMatthew Chapter (13:54 – 17:27)

  • Walks on water (14:29)

    • “You of little faith, why did you doubt”?(14:31b)

  • Knows Jesus is Messiah (16:16-18)

  • Rebukes Jesus (16:22)

    • “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block for me; for you are not setting your mind on God’s interests but man’s” (16:23)

  • Will deny Jesus(26:69-75)

  • Is never singled out as head of disciples by Jesus


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Polarization Surrounding MessiahMatthew Chapter (13:54 – 17:27)

  • Jesus Foretells His Death (16:21-23, 17:22-23)

    • (2 Samuel 7:12-16)

  • Discipleship is Costly (16:24-28)

  • Transfiguration (17:1-13)

    • Builds disciples confidence with impending death

  • The Demonic (17:14-23)

  • The Tribute Tax (17:24-27)


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Polarization Surrounding MessiahThe Tribute Tax (18:24-27)

  • Required for laity in Exodus 30:11-16

    • Levites were exempt

  • Therefore Jesus & His disciples exempt

  • But they paid anyway

    • Practical advice to keep others from stumbling


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Humility and ForgivenessMatthew Chapter (18:1-19:2)

  • Greatness of Childlikeness (18:1-6)

    • Vulnerability, Innocence, Humility, Defenselessness

  • The Greatness of Humility (18:1-4)

  • Protection of His Humble Disciples

    • Remove Stumbling blocks

    • Angelic Protection

  • Lost sheep parable

  • Discipline and Prayer

  • Forgiveness


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Humility and ForgivenessForgiveness in the Church (18:15-22)

  • Visit your brother in private

  • Revisit with 2 or more brothers / sisters

  • Take your case to the church

    • Shall have been bound

  • Let him be as a gentile and tax collector

    • 2 or 3 gathered – subject is discipline

    • Spiritual not physical punishment


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Humility and ForgivenessMatthew Chapter (18:1-19:2)

  • Forgiveness in our hearts (18:21-22)

    • We are forgiven

    • We must forgive others

    • We can lose our forgiveness

  • Example: the Lord’s Prayer (6:12)

    • Followed by 6:14-15


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Humility and ForgivenessMatthew Chapter (18:1-19:2)

  • Major Transition (19:1-2)

    • Jesus Ministry was primarily in Galilee

    • Jesus now turns towards Jerusalem

    • In the Shadow of the Cross

  • Final themes such as rank in Kingdom etc.


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)

  • Sanctity of Marriage (19:2-12)

  • Blessing Little Children (19:13:15)

  • Wealth, The Rich Young Ruler (19:16-22)

  • The Disciples Reward (19:23-30)

  • Rewards, Laborers in the Vineyard(20:1-15)

  • Death, Resurrection Foretold(20:17-19)

  • Rank in the Kingdom(20:20-28)


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)

  • The Sanctity of Marriage (19:2-12)

  • Moses Laws Reflected

    • Protect marriage against “indecent”

    • Protect the wife against husband

    • Document status as divorced

  • Jesus taught only porneia was reason

    • Porneia: adultry, incest, homosexuality, molestation, indecent exposure et al

    • Moicheuo: adultry


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)Singleness in the Christian Community

  • The right order was for men & women to marry

  • Some may remain single

  • Some may be made single (eunuchs)

  • Nowhere in Scripture is celibacy seen as a higher form of spirituality than being married.


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)

  • The Tragedy of the Rich Young Man

    • (Matt 19:16-22, Mark 10:17-22, Luke 18:23)

  • Believes and obeys the law

  • Senses there is something more

  • Life more important than wealth

  • Goes away sad

  • Is your heart on wealth?


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)Eternal Life

  • Different from earthly life (19:17)

  • Same as entrance into Kingdom of Heaven (19:23)

  • Same as being saved (19:25)

    Summary: Born once die twice, Born twice die once.


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)Gracious Rewards for Christians (19:23-30)

  • Earthly Wealth

    • Is not a reward for good behavior

    • It can display a bad heart

  • Christian wealth

    • Rewarded for following Jesus

    • Has eternal consequences

  • Notice it is Peter that responds first


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)

  • Rewards, Laborers in Vineyard (20:1-15)

    • Those who worked all day and those that worked the last hour – same wages

  • Interpretations:

    • People can be saved – even on deathbeds

    • Don’t be concerned about rewards of others

    • Kingdom members may be rewarded first (Matt 11:11)


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)

  • Death, Resurrection Foretold(20:17-19)

  • Rank in the Kingdom(20:20-28)

    • Jesus aunt Salome requests special favors

    • Jesus announces disciples hard times

    • The 12 disciples each will judge Israel

    • Greatness for Christians is serving, not ruling


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Teachings on Christian LifeMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)

  • Healing of 2 Blind Men (20:29-34)

    • Transition statement typical of Matthew

    • Two blind men saw him as “Son of David”

    • The religious leaders did not know him.


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Last Week – Jesus is MessiahMatthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)The Last Week

  • Sunday – Triumphal entry

  • Monday – Jesus cleanses the temple

  • Tuesday – Authority questioned, teaches, anointed at Bethany

  • Wednesday – Plot against Jesus

  • Thursday – The Last Supper, Gethsemane

  • Friday – Jesus crucifixion – temple destroyed

  • Sunday – Resurrection – the temple rebuilt


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)

  • His Triumphal Entry (21:1-11)

  • Cleansing the Temple (21:12-17)

    • Symbolic of cleansing of sacrificial system

    • Note: Jesus first major act in John 2:13-20)

    • Repeated twice signifies importance

  • The Barren Fig Tree (21:18-22)

    • Jews leaders should have been fruitful

    • They will be cut off.


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)The Messiah: Jews, and the Church (21:1-22:14)

  • Authority Challenged (21:23-27)

  • Parable of Two Sons (21:28-32)

  • Parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32)

    • Gentile brother welcomed by God into Jewish family

  • Parable of the Shrewd Servant (Luke 16:1-13)

  • Parable of the Landowner (21:33-46)

  • Marriage Feast (22:1-14)

    Note: The parables above contrast Kingdom members and Jewish leaders(In the Shadow of the Cross)


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)More Messiah Kingdom Teachings (22:15-46)

  • Difference between Kingdom & World

    • Tribute to Caesar (22:15-22)

  • Resurrection

    • No Marriage in Heaven (22:23-30)

    • Abraham, Isaac, Jacob still living (22:32-33)

  • The Greatest Commandments (22:34-40)

  • Who is the Christ? (22:41-46)


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)The Seven Woes (23:13-36)

  • You shut off the Kingdom of Heaven

  • You devour widows

  • You make proselytes sons of hell

  • You swear by gold, not the temple

  • You tithe but have no justice or mercy

  • You are clean on outside, dirty inside

  • You are beautiful outside, dead inside

    You are not the true sons of the prophets, but rather kill them. How will you escape the sentence of hell?


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)Lament Over Jerusalem (23:37-39)

  • Jesus expresses genuine grief over Jerusalem

  • Jewish Romans will revolt in Rome, get expelled, let in again by Nero

    • Background for book of Romans

  • Jews in Jerusalem will revolt against Rome, but Rome will sack them in 70 AD destroying the temple

  • Jewish genealogy records destroyed

    • There can never be another claiming to be Son of David.


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)Applications

  • To those blessed, more is expected

  • USA is blessed, more is expected of USA

  • We are blessed, more is expected of us

  • God clearly expects more from church leaders, they have special gifts and more is expected from them.

    Fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (19:3-23:39)


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Last Week – Jesus is MessiahTuesday - Olivet Discourse (24-25)

  • Introduction (24:1-3)

  • Events prior to the coming of Jesus (24:4-31)

  • Lessons on Watching, Waiting, and Being Prepared (24:32-25:30)

  • Warning of Judgment, Promise of Reward (25:31-46)


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Tuesday - Olivet Discourse (24-25)Introduction (24:1-3)

  • Audience: Disciples of Jesus

  • Where: Mount of Olives

    • Key events in Matthew usually on a mount

  • “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?”

    • Great transition statement


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Last Week – Jesus is MessiahTuesday - Olivet Discourse (24-25)Events prior to coming of Jesus (24:4-31)

  • The Beginning of Birth Pangs (24:4-14)

    • Birth Pangs are regular contractions

      • 1st pang was destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD

      • Wars, famines, & natural disasters ever since.

  • Signs of End Times:

    • Gospel preached to all nations (24:14)

    • The abomination that causes desolation (24:15)

    • Many False Prophets, False Messiahs

    • Response: Flight of Believers (no rapture yet?) (16-20)


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Tuesday - Olivet Discourse (24-25)The Great Tribulation (24:15-28)

  • Immediate Application

    • Destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70

    • Luke’s description (Luke 21:6,20)

    • Present generation will see it (Luke 21:32) (24:34)

  • Future Application

    • A Time awaiting us in the future (Daniel 9:27)

  • Tribulation similar to plagues in Exodus


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Tuesday - Olivet Discourse (24-25)2nd Glorious Return (24:29-31)

  • Preceded by Signs

    • Roaring of seas, signs in heavens

    • Comes as flashes of lightning (24:27)

    • II Thes 2:1-3

  • Clearly announced to all Peoples

  • Clear sign

  • Comes with angels and trumpets

  • Elect are gathered in (24:31)

    • I Thes 4:16-17


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Tuesday - Olivet Discourse (24-25)Watching, Waiting, Being Prepared (24:32–25:46)

  • The Parable of the Fig Tree (24:32-41)

  • Be Ready for His Coming (24:42-51)

  • Parable of Ten Virgins (25:1-13)

    • The Time for salvation is now before it is too late

  • Parable of the Talents (25:14-30)

    • Use your gifts wisely, there will be rewards

  • The Judgment (25:31-46)

    • The great deeds test – can you pass it? (25:35-36)

      Therefore remain steadfast and be ready.


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Matthew Chapter (26:1-28:20)Tuesday to Thursday (26:1-35)

  • Transition - Plot to Kill Jesus (1-5)

  • Tuesday : Bethany Anointing for Burial (6-13)

  • Judas Bargain (14-19)

  • Thursday: The Last Passover (20-25)

  • The Lords Supper Instituted (26-35)

    • Wine and Bread are symbolic

    • New Covenant was Instituted (Jer 31:31-34)


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Thursday Evening Passover Meal (Haggadah)

  • Begin to eat after evening came (26:20)

  • Dissension as to who was greatest (Luke 22:24)

  • Washing Disciples Feet (John 13:1-20)

  • Identify Judas as Betrayer (26:21-25)

  • Institution of Lord’s Supper (26:26-29)

  • Worship Service (John 14:1-17-26)


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Thursday Evening – Matthew (26:1-55)

  • Garden of Gethsemane (26:1-35)

    • Severed trauma of Jesus while disciples slept

    • Sweat drops as blood, not real blood

  • Jesus’ Betrayal and Arrest (26:47-56)

    • To Fulfill Scripture

    • Contrast 26:47-56 with John 18:2-12 (Son of God)

  • Jesus Before Caiaphas (26:57-68)

    • Abandoned by disciples

  • Peter’s Denials (26:69-75)

  • Friday Morning - Judas Remorse (27:1-10)

  • No faithful disciples at time of Jesus trial


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah The Six Friday Morning Trials of Jesus (26:1-35)

  • Blasphemy (Jewish religious charge)

    • Annas House (John 18:13-24)

    • Caiaphas House (26:57-68, Mark 14:53-65, Luke 22:54)

    • Sanhedrin (17:1, Mark 15:1a, Luke 22:66-71)

      • (Failed to find two witnesses that agreed to put Jesus to death)

  • Sedition (Roman civil charge)

    • Pilate (27:2, 11-14, Luke 23:1-5, John 18:28-38)

    • Herod Antipas (Luke 23:1-6)

    • Pilate (27:15-26, John 18:39-19:16)

  • After 3 Jewish and 3 Roman trials – Not Guilty

  • Jesus reveals Messiahship during these trials


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Who was

  • Annas

    • High Priest at time of John the Baptist, deposed in 15 AD by Gratus.

    • Questioned Peter in Acts 4:6

  • Caiaphas

    • High Priest during crucifixion, son-in-law of Annas, appointed about 18 - removed AD 36

  • Pontius Pilate

    • Cruel Roman Governor of Judea, tried to destroy Jews as did his predecessors. His “king of the Jews” was mocking all of them.

  • Herod Antipas

    • Cruel Ruler of Judea from a cruel family.


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Friday Crucifixion and Burial (27:27-56)

  • Beaten for our sins (27:27-33, Isaiah 53)

  • Crucifixion by Romans – not Jews

  • Mocked by chief priests and passers-by

  • “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me”

    • Said as He had taken on sins of the world

    • Matthew - son of man theme

  • Cried out with a loud voice & deliberately died (27:50, John 19:30)


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Jesus died for our sins (27:27-56)

  • Jesus was 100% man

    • Only a man would say “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me”

    • Only a man could die

  • Jesus was 100% God

    • Only a God can be sinless

  • Only Jesus can reconcile us to a Holy and Blessed God


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Last Week – Jesus is Messiah Resurrection (28)

  • Guarded by Jews not Romans (27:62-66)

  • Sunday - Jesus rose from the grave.

    • Sign of Jonah

    • Destroyed temple was raised on the 3rd day

  • The women found an empty tomb

  • Jesus met disciples on Galilean mountain

    • Galilee is land of the Gentiles


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Application – Jesus is Messiah Application - Key Verses (28:18-20)

  • Jesus has all authority (18, Psalm 8, Daniel 7:13-14)

  • The Great Commission

    • Go make disciples

    • Baptizing them

    • Teaching them to observe all I have commanded you

      And Lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.

  • This means we get busy as we will be judged by our deeds that result from the condition of our hearts


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Bibliography

  • Glasscock, Ed. Moody Gospel Matthew Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, 1997.

  • Gundry, Robert H. A Survey of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003.

  • Holman Bible Dictionary. Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers, 1991.

  • Martinez, Ted. Talbot Matthew Lectures, Talbot Theological Seminary, Summer 2003.

  • Thomas, Robert L. and Stanley N. Gundry. A Harmony of the Gospels. Chicago: Moody Press, 1991.

  • Wilkins, Michael J. Matthew. The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.

  • Wilkins, Michael J. Matthew. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary Vol 1. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002.


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