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PARSIS OF INDIA. A GOLDEN HISTORY. I AM PROUD TO BE A PARSI. Parsi is synonymous with ancient Persia. Parsis have added sweetness to the Indian society. Parsis true to the words spoken ages ago “Mix in the society like sugar in milk.”

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PARSIS OF INDIA

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PARSIS OF INDIA

A GOLDEN HISTORY


I AM PROUD TO BE A PARSI

  • Parsi is synonymous with ancient Persia.

  • Parsis have added sweetness to the Indian society.

  • Parsis true to the words spoken ages ago “Mix in the society like sugar in milk.”

  • Parsis innumerous qualities have enhanced the Indian society.

  • The spirit of adventure took them to four corners of the world.

  • Parsis ruled the bank, educational institutions, health care, hospitals & housing colonies.

  • Parsi ladies thought of animal hospitals, Convalescent homes.

    PARSI THY NAME IS CHARITY


THE PARSIS AN ARYAN RACE

  • Parsis came to India thousands of years ago.

  • Men are handsome, tall & have Aryan Nose.

  • Ladies are with beautifully chiseled features.

    THE BREED STILL EXISTS


KISSAH - I - SANJAN

Written in Persian in 1600 By

Priest Behman Kaikobad Sanjan in Navsari

  • ZOROASTRIAN WERE FORCED BY RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION

    OF MUSLIMS TO LEAVE THEIR HOMELAND & FLEE.

  • INDIAN PARSEES FIRST SOUGHT REFUGE IN REMOTE REGION OF

    KHURASAN.

  • THEY SHIFTED TO HORMUZ FOR 15 YEARS ON THE PERSION GULF.

  • THEN MOVED BY SEA IN SEVEN SHIPS TO INDIA.

  • THEY LANDED AT DIU (GUJARAT).

  • REFUGE GIVEN BY HINDU RAJA – JADI RANA IN SANJAN.


PARSEE SECTS

In 1730 on a Controversy of New Year’s Festival

Indian Parsees separated themselves into:

  • SHEHEN SHAHIS – 93% of Parsees (New Year - Sept)

  • KADMIS – 7% of Parsees (New Year - Aug)

  • FASLIS – 21 Mar New Year.


CONDITIONS BY KING JADI RANA

  • Priest to explain their religion to the king.

  • To give-up native Persian language & take on Indian language.

  • Women to exchange Persian garb with Indian dress.

  • The men should lay down their weapons.

  • Parsees to hold their wedding processions only in the dark.

    Priest NERYO SANGH accepted all conditions

    by putting SUGAR IN MILK POT.

    • Gujarati is native language.

    • Sari is traditional garment for women.

    • Loyalty of Parsees is still observed today.

    • Parsees strictly preserved their own religion.


PROFESSIONALLY

  • Parsis leave an honest impression of dedicated & sincere in their chosen profession.

  • They work mirthfully & give their best.

  • They are in all chosen profession:

    • Doctors

    • Bureaucrats

    • Teachers

    • Bankers

    • Corporate Honchos

    • Lawyers

    • Chartered Accountant

    • Office Staff

  • Parsis are the best Social Worker.

  • They are humane & loving in their approach.

    THEY ARE GENEROUS IN GIVING

    • Journalists

    • Musicians

    • Scholars

    • Writers

    • Sportsman

    • Merchant Princes


    RELIGIOUS LITERATURE (HOLY AVESTA)

    Every Parsi bowing to Holy Fire promises himself:

    • To think - GOOD THOUGHTS.

    • To do - GOOD DEEDS.

    • To Speak - GOOD WORDS.

      “AVESTA” is the Parsis HOLY BOOK.

      Originally contained 21 books but today it contains only:

      (a) “YASANA” (Book of sacrifice – 17 Gathas are part of it).

      (b) “YASTS” (Hymn like praises).

      (c) “VENDIDAD” (Law & Code of Purification).

      (d) “VISPERAD” (Collection of prayers & Liturgical texts)

      ZOROASTRIANISM IS WORLD’S OLDEST REVEALED RELIGION

  • VALUE SYSTEM OF PARSIS INBIBED IN CHILDHOOD.

  • PARSI CHILDREN GROW INTO A POSITIVE PEOPLE.


  • BEST KNOWN FOR OUR CUISINE

    Parsis have special dishes for special days:

    • Curry Chaval for Kali Chawdas.

    • Dhandar for Hormuz Roj.

    • Khichri for Sarosh Roj.

    • Pulav Dal for Patiti.

    • Famous Dhansak for Sundays.

    • Parsi Pora & Akoori for Sunday breakfast.

    • Sev Rava for Happy occasions.

      PARSIS LIVE TOGETHER

      AND EAT TOGETHER


    GAMBHAR

    THE WAY TO A PARSIS HEART IS THROUGH HIS STOMACH

    • Philanthropists host community feast on various occasions.

    • A Gala annual ritual to which entire community is invited.

    • Some hold Gambhar in memory of their departed dear once.

    • Parsis enjoy getting so many people together on a common platform & give them a good feast.

    • Parsis socialize & enjoy themselves.

      EVERYBODY & ANYBODY

      IS WELCOME


    ZORASTRIAN IN BRITISH PARLIAMENT

    • Dr. Dadabhai Naoroji - House of Commons (1892-1895) Liberal Party candidate of INC.

    • Sir M Bhownaggree - House of Commons (1895-1906) Conservative Party.

    • Shapurji D Saklatvala - House of Commons (1922-1923) Labour Party.

    • Loard Karan F Bilimoria - House of Lords (2006).

      PARSIS LEAD IN THE PROCESS OF INDEPENDENCE


    PARSIS & THE RAJ

    • SIR JAMSHEDJEE JEEJEEBHOY (1783-1859)

      First Baronet – The most esteemed parsi of 19 century.

    • DADABHAI NAOROJI (1825-1917)

      First Asian to become member of the British Parliament credited with coining the word “SWARAJ” or home rule.

    • SIR PHEROZESHAH MEHTA (UNCROWNED KING OF BOMBAY)

      Incorrigible advocate of militant nationalism & a true patriot.

    • MADAM BHIKHAIJI RUSTOMJI CAMA (1861-1936)

      First to unfurl the future Indian flag in public at second international socialist congress at Stuttgart Germany in 1907.

    • FIRST INDIAN TEAM to go to England to play cricket was exclusively made-up of Parsis.

    • FIELD MARSHAL SAM MANEKSHAW, MC (1914)

      Military Cross (MC) for conspicuous in face of enemy in the jungles of Burma during II World War in 1942.

      PARSIS HAD IMPECCABLE INTEGRITY & HONESTY


    BAWAJIS OF BOMBAY

    • None in Mumbai can do without them.

    • Parsi humor is unique.

    • They are funny in films.

    • They laugh at themselves.

    • They laugh at all times.

    • There laugh’s are loud which fill the air & spread over.

      IT HAS PROBABLY MORE INFLUENCE

      ON MANKIND

      DIRECTLY & INDIRECTLY

      THEN ANY OTHER SINGLE FAITH


    TATA’S CENTURY OF EXCELLENCE

    • 1903 – India’s First Luxury hotel.

    • 1907 – India’s First Integrated steel plant.

    • 1932 – India’s First Commercial air service.

    • 1941 – India’s First Cancer Hospital.

    • 1948 – India’s First International Commercial flight.

    • 1968 – India’s First Software service company.

    • 1998 – India’s First Indigenous car.

      A CENTURY OF TRUST


    JHABLAS, GARA & KORS

    • The present day Parsis are privy to 100 year old Chinese design tradition.

    • The European tradition & Persian Zoroastrian tradition.

    • The trade flourished through silk route during Sacnian dynasty (226-661 AD) & Tang dynasty (618-907 AD)

    • An aesthetic, enchanting fully embroidered Gara Sari.

    • Made in China & worn by Parsis in India.

    • Various motives that cover Gara Designs:

      Floral to creatures, real & mythological phoenix, unicorn, bird of Paradise, aquatic life, butterflies & even bats.

      STORY OF PARSI HERITAGE


    THE PHILANTHROPIST PARSIS OF HONG KONG

    • Parsis arrived in late 1700 to this river delta.

    • A generous lot of 200 souls at present.

    • Pioneers of the island economic success:

      • Sir Hormusjjee Nowrojee Mody

      • Cawasjee Kotwal

      • Dhunjibhoy Bisney

  • Even today HK $ 1 million a year flows into 30 local charities in Hong Kong & millions go to charities abroad in India.

  • Late Sir Hormusjee Nowrojee Mody contributed HK $ 300,000 to establish the university of Hong Kong.

  • Jahangir Rusttonjee contributed HK $ 2 million to fight tuberculosis & established 614 bed Ruttonjee Hospital in Hong Kong.

  • Keki Jokhi & his brother late Shapurji built AVAN BAUG in Navsari.

  • Dorabjee came to Hong Kong as a cook & owned at the end three hotels in Hong Kong. He also introduced colony’s first steam boat ferry service way back in 1898.

  • Sir Jamsetji jejeebhoy served on board of Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking corporation.

    GIVING BACK TO COUNTRY THAT NURTURED US


  • CALL FOR THE PARSI COMMUNITY

    • The Dwindling numbers.

    • Increasing number of Elderly (65+).

    • The main causes are:

      • Late marriages.

      • Few marriages.

      • Fewer children.

      • Exogamy if married outside the religion.


    DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF PARSIS (AS PER CENSUS 2001)

    • All India picture is indeed dismal.

    • Total population only 69,601.

    • Overall Parsi constitute 0.007% of Indian population.

    • All India growth rate 21.34%.

    • Parsis recorded negative decline of 8.88%.

    • Religious minority community are:

      • Muslims

      • Christians

      • Sikhs

      • Buddhists

      • Parsis (without any population weightage)

  • Sex ratio: For 1050 females there are 1000 males.

  • 30.9% population in 65+ category, a disturbing feature (Indian 8%).


  • PARSIS & NATIONAL POPULATION


    PARSIS & NATIONAL POPULATION


    PARSIS IN THE ARMED FORCES

    • Contribution is far out of proportion to their strength.

    • In earlier era only Medical officers where in British Indian Army.

    • Captain Cursetji (Later Maj Gen) won distinguished service order in 1915.

    • Captain K.S Master won the Military Cross in WW-I, later became Lieutenant General & the first Director General of Armed Forces Medical College.

    • Three Parsis became Chief of their own services:

      • Air Marshal Aspy Engineer of the then Royal Indian Air Force (1964)

      • Admiral Jal Cursetji PVSM, AVSM of the Navy (1937-1979)

      • Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw MC of the Army (1932-1972)

    • Three Parsis commissioned as King’s, commissioned Indian officers pre WW-II, Nusli Billimoria, Rusi Billimoria & Wadia.

    • Highest Galentry awards after indipendence:

      • Lt. Col Adi B. Tarapori – Param Veer Chakra (1965)

      • 2/Lt (Now Col) Cyrus Pithawalla – Ashok Chakra (1981)


    WEBSITES OF PARSIS

    • www.theparsidirectory.com

    • www.theparsimatch.com

    • www.theparsichronical.com

    • www.w-z-o.org

    • www.parsiresourcegroup.org

    • www.wzcc.net

    • www.oppournities.wcc.net

    • www.zoroastrianism.com


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