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Greening Garbage Trucks New Technologies for Cleaner and Healthier Cities Teleconference: US Conference of Mayors, March 23, 2005. Joanna D. Underwood President, INFORM. Background. INFORM is an independent research organization founded in 1974.

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Greening Garbage Trucks New Technologies for Cleaner and Healthier CitiesTeleconference: US Conference of Mayors, March 23, 2005

Joanna D. Underwood President, INFORM


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Background

INFORM is an independent research organization founded in 1974

  • It identifies environmentally sustainable ways of doing business

  • It offers thoroughly investigated, innovative, and effective options for change

  • It collaborates to promote environmental progress

  • Noteworthy INFORM Transportation publications include:

    • Drive for Clean Air (1990)

    • Paving the Way to Natural Gas Vehicles (1992)

    • Harnessing Hydrogen (1995)

    • Bus Futures (2000)

    • Greening Garbage Trucks (2002)

    • The Transportation Boom in Asia (2005)


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Features of the Garbage Truck Market

Garbage trucks are among the oldest, least fuel efficient, and most polluting U.S. fleet

  • Approximately 179,000 vehicles: 136,000 collection trucks, 12,000 transfer trucks, and 31,000 recycling trucks

  • There are twice as many garbage trucks in the US as there are urban transit vehicles.

  • 40% of garbage trucks are more than 10 years old.

  • A garbage truck logs an average of 25,000 miles a year, the fleet travels 3.4 billion miles a year.

  • Garbage trucks get the lowest mileage of any vehicle type: 2.8 miles per gallon


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Why fleets are switching the natural gas garbage trucks

Drivers Behind Switch to Natural Gas Trucks

  • Surest compliance with clean air regulations

  • Addresses urban concerns about asthma and cancer risk

  • Improves quality of life (trucks are50-98% quieter)

  • Economic feasibility:

    • Federal funds help cover incremental vehicle costs and fueling infrastructure


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Findings: Pioneering Natural Gas Fleets

INFORM survey of fleets operating alternative fuel garbage trucks in 2002, updated in 2004

  • Natural gas is most common commercial alternative fuel used

  • Natural gas engines developed for buses making its way into the refuse hauler market

  • Short daily routes and central refueling are conducive to use of natural gas

  • Still, less than 1 percent of the garbage trucks in the US operate on natural gas


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Findings: 2002 Natural Gas Garbage Truck Fleets

26 Fleets, 692 Natural Gas Trucks


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Findings: Expansion of 2002 Fleets by 2004

966 Natural Gas Trucks, Up 40%

10 Larger Fleets, 6 Smaller


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Summary of 2004 Update

Strong Growth in Existing and New Natural Gas Fleets Since 2002

  • 40% growth in 2002 fleets, 274 net new trucks

  • 26 new fleets since 2002, 382 new trucks

  • 1,308 natural gas trucks now in 3 states

  • 89 percent growth in 2 years

  • LNG emerging as fuel of choice (79% in 2004, up from 68% in 2002)

  • California, Texas, and Massachusetts lead

  • INFORM’s 2002 projection seems conservative—natural gas is very strong


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Findings: Natural Gas Garbage Truck Use Slowly Increasing

INFORM Projected in 2002 Natural Gas Refuse Truck Fleet to Triple by 2010


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Observations

Natural Gas Fleets: A Winning Urban Strategy

  • Natural gas trucks are commercial options today.

  • Garbage trucks - centrally refueled and traveling short distances - make fueling infrastructure viable.

  • Significant funding can offset the costs of implementation.

  • Success relies on partnerships with fuel suppliers, refueling infrastructure builders, vehicle providers, and funding sources.

  • Natural gas, a domestically plentiful fuel, helps reduce fleet reliance on imported oil.

  • Natural gas use paves the way for a future transition to hydrogen.



Please visit inform s website for more information www informinc org l.jpg

Please visit INFORM’s website for more information: www.informinc.org

Joanna D. Underwoodphone (212) 361-2400 ex. [email protected]


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