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Four Gospels?. Matthew. Mark. Luke. John. The Four Gospel Accounts. From A Study Prepared By John Kimbrough Fort Worth Christian College Class Notes. Divided Kingdom. Israel. Judah . The Old Testament Is the Foundation for the Main Event. Return from captivity.

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Matthew

Mark

Luke

John


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The Four Gospel Accounts

From A Study Prepared

By John Kimbrough

Fort Worth Christian College Class Notes


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Divided Kingdom

Israel

Judah

The Old Testament Is the Foundation for the Main Event

Return from captivity

Captivity and exile

United Kingdom

Great Patriarchs

Israel in Egypt

Wanderings

Mt. Sinai

Conquest

Exodus

Judges

Adam

Abraham

Isaac

Jacob

Joseph

Saul

David

Solomon


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Overview of Bible Structure

  • Old Testament: Foundation for the story

  • Gospels: They tell the story of Jesus

  • Acts: Tells the results of the story

  • Letters: Encouragement and course correction

  • Apocalyptic:The victory in figurative language


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Matthew Mark Luke John

Why are there four gospels?


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The answers are speculative and primarily based on observations of differences in the works.

  • Differences in perspective

  • Perhaps intended for different cultures

  • Perhaps intended to address different issues of the day


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Authors’ Names Are observations of differences in the works.The Same As The Books


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Synoptic: to see from the same eye. observations of differences in the works.

Matthew

Mark

Luke

John has a different perspective of Jesus.

The Synoptic Gospels

Have similar stories and events

from the life of Jesus..


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Matthew observations of differences in the works.

  • An Apostle

  • Jewish

  • A Publican


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Matthew’s Characteristics observations of differences in the works.

  • Alternating Blocks Of Narrative and Discourse

  • Gospel Of The Kingdom

  • The Gospel Of Teaching

  • Gospel Of Prophetic Fulfillment


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Matthew observations of differences in the works.Shows Jesus As

  • 1. King

  • 2. Promised Savior

  • 3. Messiah


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Mark observations of differences in the works.

  • Companion Of Paul

  • Jewish


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Mark’s Characteristics observations of differences in the works.

  • Mainly Narrative

  • Fast Moving Terse Style

  • Shortest Gospel

  • Gospel Of Vividness

  • Gospel Of Power


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Mark observations of differences in the works.Shows Jesus As

  • 1. Servant

  • 2. Powerful Savior

  • 3. Man of Action

  • 4. Servant of Jehovah


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Luke observations of differences in the works.

  • Companion Of Paul

  • A Gentile

  • First Christian Historian


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Luke’s Characteristics observations of differences in the works.

  • Closest To A Full Biography

  • Most Literary Gospel

  • Emphasizes The Perean Ministry

  • Gospel Of Perfect Humanity Of Jesus

  • Gospel Of Universality

  • Gospel Of The Underdog

  • Gospel Of Womanhood

  • Gospel Of Prayer


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Luke observations of differences in the works.Shows Jesus As

  • 1. Son Of Man

  • 2. Perfect Savior

  • 3. Universal Savior

  • 4. Bringing perfection from imperfection


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John observations of differences in the works.

  • The "Apostle Of Love"

  • Jewish


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John’s Characteristics observations of differences in the works.

  • Emphasizes the Early Judean Ministry

  • Has no parables

  • Calls miracles “signs"

  • Simple style

  • Reputation of words and themes

  • Reflective gospel


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John’s Characteristics observations of differences in the works.

Continued

  • Interpretive gospel

  • Sketches of individual characters

  • Personal relationships of Jesus

  • Called the “Spiritual Gospel”

  • Gospel of belief

  • Gospel of God-Man


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John observations of differences in the works.Shows Jesus As

  • 1. Son Of God

  • 2. Personal Savior

  • 3. Incarnate Word


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Commonly Accepted observations of differences in the works.Destinations

  • Matthew: Jews

  • Mark: Romans

  • Luke: Greeks

  • John: Cosmopolitan


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The Story of Jesus observations of differences in the works.Four different sources

  • Representing different cultures

  • Different perspectives

  • Different purposes


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