Companion animals in disaster management
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COMPANION ANIMALS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT. A STATE GOVERNMENT PERSPECTIVE. Criminal activities Terrorism Earthquakes Bushfires Floods Storms Tornadoes Transport accidents Space debris. Foreign animal diseases Foreign plant diseases Human diseases Hazardous chemical accidents

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COMPANION ANIMALS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT

A STATE GOVERNMENT PERSPECTIVE


Australian sources of risk l.jpg

Criminal activities

Terrorism

Earthquakes

Bushfires

Floods

Storms

Tornadoes

Transport accidents

Space debris

Foreign animal diseases

Foreign plant diseases

Human diseases

Hazardous chemical accidents

Infrastructure failure

Failure to maintain business continuity

AUSTRALIAN SOURCES OF RISK


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What is an emergency and what is a disaster?

EMERGENCY

Any event which exceeds the resources of the local area so invokes the Emergency Management legal provisions.

DISASTER

Any event which exceeds the resources of the jurisdiction so invokes the Disaster Management legal provisions.


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Precursors for disaster...

Hazard

Community

Vulnerability?


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Emergency Management vs managing day-to-day emergencies

“Emergency Management” involves:

  • A broader range of issues and strategies and

  • A higher level of response

    than day-to-day emergencies, which are routinely managed by police and / or emergency services.


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Personal tragedies and traumas

  • Single or two vehicle car accident causing serious injury

  • House fire in which people die

  • Shark attack killing a surfer

  • Drowning at public pool

  • Asthma attack leading to death

  • Murder and serious crimes

  • Lost child


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Minor Incidents

  • Bus crash with casualties but no prolonged road closure

  • Bushfire impacting a remote park

  • Burst water main causing flooding over several blocks

  • Chemical incident / fire in a small plant with no casualties or toxic leaks

  • Flood causing significant property damage but no casualties

  • Boating accident on Sydney Harbour not impacting transport arrangements


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Major Incidents

  • Rail crash with several casualties and fatalities and closing track

  • Bushfire impacting a small rural community

  • Gladstone factory explosion

  • Chemical incident / fire in a small plant with no casualties or toxic leaks

  • Boating accident on Sydney Harbour impacting transport arrangements


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Emergencies

  • Granville train disaster

  • Westgate Bridge collapse

  • Eyre Peninsula fires

  • Marble mountains Newcastle disease

  • Equine Influenza outbreak


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Disasters

  • Ash Wednesday

  • Cyclone Tracey

  • Darwin bombing

  • Cyclone Mahina 1899

  • Brisbane floods 1974

  • Pt Arthur massacre


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When you need good friends - it’s too late to make them

Emergencies require interaction and cooperation of agencies e.g.

  • Treasury,

  • Health,

  • Community Services,

  • Engineering,

  • Agriculture,

  • Transport,

  • Community-based service agencies etc.


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DISASTERS OFTEN OCCUR ...

… in the dead

Uphill

of

night

Map 35

Map 32

...at the

Map 34

intersection

Map 33

of 4 maps

PUB

…miles from the nearest pub!


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Declarations

  • State Coordinator may declare an “Identified Major Incident”. (for a period not exceeding 12 hours).

  • State Coordinator may declare a “Major Emergency”. Not > 48 hours. Extended with Governor’s approval.

  • Governor may declare a “Disaster”. 96 hours. Revokable by Governor or may be extended by agreement of both Houses of Parliament.


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Powers of the State Coordinator

On the declaration of an identified major incident, a major emergency or a disaster, and while that declaration remains in force, he must take any necessary action to implement the State Emergency Management Plan and cause such response and recovery operations to be carried out as he thinks appropriate.


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acquisition of property

direct evacuation of people and animals

enter/break into buildings etc.

take possession of things

destroy structures, animals & vegetation

cut off fuel, water, drainage etc.

prohibit movement of people

remove people

direct people whose responsibilities require their involvement

POWERS OF AUTHORISED OFFICERS


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Over-arching coordination

  • The Police Department is the coordinating agency for all emergencies (not just declared emergencies) unless the State EM Plan designates a different body in relation to an emergency of a specialised kind.


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Role of POLICE

Role: To maintain law and order and to protect life and property. Specific tasks would include:

  • Traffic and crowd control including the control of evacuation operations if required.

  • Identifying the dead and injured and notifying next of kin.

  • Establishing temporary mortuaries.

  • Maintaining the security of property.

  • Statutory investigative requirements.

  • Assess the need for the registration of disaster victims and subsequent advice to the State Controller (Community Services).


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THE STATE DISASTER ORGANISATION

STATE COORDINATOR .... MINISTER .... GOVERNOR

ê

ZEOCs ……. SEOC .......... NEMCC (EMA)

ì

é

ë

AGRICULTURE FIRE STATE EMERGENCY SERVICE

& ANIMAL

SERVICES

HEALTH & COMMUNITY SERVICES

AMBULANCE MEDICAL

& FIRST AID MEDIA

ENGINEERING POLICE LOGISTICS

DEFENCE FORCE (SA) COMMUNICATIONS


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Provide leadership

Maintain oversight

Prepare & review State EM Plan

Provide advice to Government

Undertake risk assessments

Provide information to agencies

Monitor capacity of agencies

Coordinate the development and implementation of strategies and policies

Monitor & evaluate response and recovery operations

Other duties as directed by the Act or Minister

Function and powers of the SEMC



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Dept for Families & Communities

Australian Red Cross

Pastoral Ministry Services

Insurance Council

Interpreter Services

Centrelink

Lions & Rotary Clubs

Dept of Health

Animal Welfare Unit

St John Ambulance

COMMUNITY SERVICES


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Role of COMMUNITY SERVICES

Responsibilities include:

1.Establish Evacuation Centres to provide:

  • short term shelter,

  • information

  • support services (eg food, basic first aid, and pet care).

    2. Activation of the National Registration and Inquiry System (NRIS) with linkages to Police Casualty Information and Disaster Victim Identification processes.

    3. Establish Recovery Centres for affected people to:

  • receive financial assistance,

  • gather information

  • seek referral into the wide range of recovery services.

    4. Disseminate information on practical advice and social/psycho recovery services within the affected community.


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Life

Injury

Pets

Property

Money

Security

Addictions

Personal space

Comfort

Helplessness

EVACUATION CENTRE STRESS


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Cant stay in evacuation centres

Cant be disregarded

Cant be boarded with strangers

Cant be turned away

May require vet treatment

Lost pets need to be reunited with owners

People need to know there is a pet plan or they will not cooperate

May pose safety threats to personnel

COMPANION ANIMAL ISSUES


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Vet stations at evacuation centres

Transport service to friends and relatives

Boarding if cannot go to friends

Identification

Coordination

Triage

Reuniting

Boarding costs

Paper trail

COMPANION ANIMAL MANAGEMENT



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