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COSMETOLOGY: THE HISTORY AND OPPORTUNITIES. What is a Cosmetologist?. In your group, list all of the qualities and skills that you believe are required of a cosmetologist. DID YOUR GROUP GUESS…. Advise giver Professional expert in practical skills areas Artistic Designer Creator

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COSMETOLOGY:

THE HISTORY AND

OPPORTUNITIES


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What is a Cosmetologist?

In your group, list all of the qualities and skills that you believe are required of a cosmetologist.


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DID YOUR GROUP GUESS…

Advise giver

Professional expert in practical skills areas

Artistic

Designer

Creator

Trustworthy


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Businessperson

Self-promoter

Poised and well groomed

Effective communicator

Being current with trends and technologies

Good listener


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In your group, list on flip chart paper all of the occupations you believe are included in the Cosmetology profession.

For some, you will need to think “outside of the box”


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Add:

I am responsible for my own education


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Cosmetology includes:

* hairstyling

* nail technology

* esthetics

Curly-hairstyles.blogspot.com

Caofb.com/esthetics

Coolnaolsart.com/bubbles


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Cosmetology:

Greek word: kosmetikos

Means: skilled in the use of cosmetics

Barber:

Latin word: barba

Means: the beard or the hair of the beard.


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Review

1. What services can a cosmetologist perform?

2. List four qualities a cosmetologist should have.

3. Explain the origin of the word cosmetology . (Include detail)


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Archeological studies:

Reveal that haircutting and hairstyling were practiced as early as the glacial age

  • Implements Used:

  • Sharpened flints

  • Oyster shells

  • Bone

  • Animal sinew

  • Strips of hide


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Color matter made from:

Berries Bark of trees

Minerals Insects

Nuts Herbs

Leaves And other materials

Danielmeissler.com

Takegreatpictures.com


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Ancient Egyptians:

  • The first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant fashion

  • ***Barbers serviced the nobility and the priesthood over 6,000 years ago


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Charismaallover.wordpress.com

Sheniquemag.blogspot.com


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  • * cosmetics as part of their personal beautification habits

  • * in religious ceremonies

  • * preparing the deceased for burial


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    3000 B.C.

    * minerals, insects, and berries to create makeup for their eyes, lips,

    and skin

    * henna to stain the hair and nails a rich, warm red

    * first civilization to use

    essential oils for

    perfume/purification purposes

    Mnsu.edu

    Womensnet.com/about hair history

    Americanaromatherapy.com


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    Makeupweb.guide.com


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    • * used to heavily line the eyes

    • * alleviate eye inflammations

    • * protect the eyes from the glare of the sun

    • In ancient Egypt and Rome, military commanders stained their nails and lips in matching colors before important battles


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    • Chinese

    • 1600 B.C. aristocrats

    • * rubbed tinted mixtures onto their nails

    • * turned crimson or ebony

    • 1100 B.C.

    • * gold and silver were royal colors

    • * commoners caught wearing a royal nail color faced a punishment of death


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    ***Egyptian and Roman women temporarily waved their hair by applying a mixture of soil and water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun

    ***In Africa, hair was groomed with intricately carved combs and adorned with beads, clay and colored bands


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    FYI: applying a mixture of soil and water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun

    **Prior to 3000 B.C. nail care is recorded in Egypt and China

    • color of a persons nails was a sign of rank:

    • high social rank: red-orange henna

    • kings and queens: deep red

    • people of lower rank: pale colors

    • in China, nails were painted red or black


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    • GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE (500 B.C.) applying a mixture of soil and water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun

    • hairstyling became a highly developed art

    • used perfumes and cosmetics in religious rites, in grooming, and for medicinal purposes

    • developed excellent method

    • of dressing the hair and

    • caring for the skin and nails

    Karenswhimsy.com


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    mangatutorials.com applying a mixture of soil and water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun

    Stcatherinesprimary.co.uk

    Karenswhimsy.com


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    • used white lead on faces, kohl on eyes and vermillion on cheeks and lips

    • vermillion

      • bright red pigment by grinding

      • cinnabar

      • ~ a mineral that is the chief source of mercury

    • The fine powder was mixed with ointment or dusted on the skin in the same way as cosmetics are applied today

    Margretshort.typepad.com


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    ROME (296 B.C.) cheeks and lips

    • facials of milk, bread and fine wine were popular

    • mixture of chalk and lead used for facial cosmetic

    • hairstyling services introduced; women used hair color to indicate class in society as follows:

    • - noblewomen: red hair

    • - middle-class women: blonde

    • - poor women: black


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    • Julius Caesar 101-44 cheeks and lipsBC

    • had his face tweezed everyday

    • this started a trend among

      the men of that time

    www.american-pictures.com/genealogy/descent/p...


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    Explore-italian-culture.com cheeks and lips

    Roman-colosseum.info

    Crystallyn.vox.vom

    Digonsite.com

    Eternallycool.net


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    • Middle ages cheeks and lips

    • included towering headdresses, intricate hairstyles, and cosmetics

    • around 1000 A.D. an alchemist refined the process of steam distillation which is still used to create essentials oils today

    • ***Vocabulary word:

    • Alchemy-pre-scientific chemistry, usually with fluids, juices and the elixir of longevity.


    Slide28 l.jpg

    Usiweb.usi.edu cheeks and lips

    Edarlein.deviantart.com

    Herstoria.com


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    • Renaissance cheeks and lips

    • transition from medieval to modern history

    • shaved eyebrows and hairline-thought to give the women a look of greater intelligence

    • highly colored cosmetics were

    • discouraged.

    Wholesale.garison.com


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    Press.princeton.edu cheeks and lips

    Abeautyglorious.blogspot.com

    2.ivcc.rdu


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    Barbering and Medicine cheeks and lips

    The Barber Pole-symbol of the barber-surgeon, has its roots from the bloodletting procedure that was once thought to strengthen the immune system

    • Pole = the staff; patients held a staff tightly in order for the veins in the arm to stand out.

    • Bottom = basin; basin was the vessel that caught the blood.


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    Hillsdalebarnantiques.com cheeks and lips

    Azbarberboard.us


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    3. cheeks and lipsWhite bandages stop blood; the bandages used to stop the bleeding were hung on the staff to dry.

    The stained bandages would twist around the pole forming the red/white candy-cane pattern.

    Another interpretation is that the red represented the blood, blue the veins, and white the bandages.

    Barbers still use the symbol today.


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    Victorian Age cheeks and lips

    • FYI: many changes in hair care

    • Add:

    • 1875; Frenchman, Marcel Grateau, developed hot irons for waving and curling the hair. Known today as marcel waving

    Purespadirect.com

    Jiunlimites.com


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    Probeautykit.com


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    The Twentieth Century beauty masks made from natural ingredients

    • shift in American attitudes caused by the movie industry

    • viewers wanted the flawless complexions, beautiful hairstyles, manicured nails, changing the standards of feminine beauty

    • beauty began to follow trends


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    Vivien Leigh 1940’s beauty masks made from natural ingredients

    Jean Harlow 1930’s

    Elizabeth Taylor 1950’s

    Newhotstuff.net


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    • 1901-1910 beauty masks made from natural ingredients

    • Max Factor began making and selling makeup to movie stars that would not cake or crack, even under the hot studio lights

    Rubylane.com

    Onlineauction.com


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    History of Permanent Waving beauty masks made from natural ingredients

    • 1905, Charles Nessler invented heavily wired machine that supplied electrical current to metal rods around which hair strands were wrapped

    • units were heated

    • kept away from the scalp by counterbalancing weights suspended from an overhead chandelier mounted to a stand


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    Internet source: beauty masks made from natural ingredients


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    Success story of the cosmetology industry units:

    Madam C.J. Walker

    • daughter of a former slave

    • born Sarah Breedlove in 1867

    • during the 1890’s she suffered from a scalp condition and began to lose her hair.

    • she experimented with store-bought products and home-made remedies

    Inventors.about.com


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    • invented hair grower scalp conditioner units:

    • devised sophisticated sales and marketing strategies and traveled extensively giving product demonstrations

    • built a factory, hair salon and training school

    • by developing more products her empire grew

    1929

    www.scott.k12.va.us/rita/51757_2.JPG


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    Scribalterror.blogs.com

    Urbanstages.org


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    • 1920’s YMCA

    • cosmetic industry grew rapidly

    • ad’s expenditures in radio alone went from $390,000.00 to $3.2 million by the end of the decade

    Digitalhistory.uh.edu

    Vintagepowderroom.com


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    • clamps heated by a separate electrical machine were place over the wound curls

    Dehaarsite.nl


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    • 1932, a method that used external heat generated by chemical reaction was introduced

    • small flexible pads containing a chemical mixture were wound around hair strands

    • pads moistened with water released a chemical heat creating long-lasting curls

    • machineless permanent wave was born


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    • 1932 chemical reaction was introduced

    • Revlon marketed the first nail polish (not stain) using formulas borrowed from the car paint industry

    • dramatic shift in nail cosmetics

    • array of nail lacquer colors available

    • early screen stars started the trend of wearing these colors on their fingers and toes

    Quirkyfinds.com


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    Library.duke.edu

    Ebay.com


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    • 1941, scientists developed chemical reaction was introducedwaving lotion that did not require heat-called cold wave

    • replaced all predecessors and competitors

    • terms “cold wave” and “permanent wave” became almost the same meaning

    Modernlab.com


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    Just-hairstyles.com

    Hairstyles-pictures.com


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    • 1951-2000 the variety of permanent wave services available for different hair types and conditions

    • introduction of tube mascara,

    • improved hair care,

    • and nail products

    Southportbeautysalon.com

    Nailsupplywebsite.com


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    • boom and death of the the variety of permanent wave services available for different hair types and conditions

    • weekly salon

    • appointment

    Flickr.com


    Slide55 l.jpg

    Discoveringhair.wordpress.com

    Ladybear.gaia.com

    Campuscircle.net


    Slide56 l.jpg

    Tpcs-auction.org

    Zebrahairandbeauty.com


    Slide57 l.jpg

    Images.mix.com

    Moviedearest.blogspot.com


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    Hairsandiego.com

    Pitchengine.com

    Hairstyle-blog.com


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    1998-Creative Nail Design introduced the first spa pedicure able to color their hair without breakage

    ***nail art also entered the seen by the 1990’s

    Yelp.com

    Looklocally.com


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    Nailartgallery.com able to color their hair without breakage

    Breakforfunzarke.net

    Kaskus.us


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    • 21st Century able to color their hair without breakage

    • gentle-no fade hair colors

    • estheticians rejuvenate the face and keep sunspots, and mild acne under control

    • specialization became popular-hair colorist, hair cutting specialist, nail technician, etc, providing a full array of services


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    ***haircoloring in the twentieth century has become a multibillion-dollar industry of professional products!!!!!!!

    ***the huge growth in day spas has also been a significant development

    *** the domain of cosmetology has changed dramatically . All the new services and skills have transformed and expanded the role of cosmetologists, requiring them to know more than ever and to make continuing education a necessity


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    Luxury-insider.com

    Psfk.com

    Reviewjournal.com


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    Career Opportunities popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists

    • Haircolor Specialist-extremely creative area of this industry. Training yourself and others, work for a product manufacturer

    Beautyschools.edu

    Beautifulhairsandiego.com


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    Texture Service Specialist- popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsspecializes in all chemical texture services

    ~ perming

    ~ straightening

    ~ training others

    ~ work for manufacturer


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    Ehow.com popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists

    Stylekandy.com

    Easy-hairstyles.com


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    • Cutting specialist popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists-dedicated interest in learning various cutting styles and techniques

    • After perfecting your own skills and developing your own method of cutting hair (everyone develops their own way of cutting hair), study with reputable haircutters and learn their systems and techniques-helps you to perform top-quality haircuts


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    Plumstudiossalon.com popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists

    Guidespot.com


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    • Salon trainer- popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsmanufacturer’s and salon chains hire experienced salon professionals and train them to train others

    • can be in forms of technical training to management and interpersonal relationship training

    • work with small salons, large organizations, and trade associations in developing salon staff and personnel


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    • Distributor sales consultant-salon popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsemployees rely on product distributors to learn about new products, new trends, and new techniques to stay current with the market

    • provides an excellent opportunity for a skilled and trained cosmetology professional to become a distributor sales consultant

    • best method for companies to get their product to the stylists


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    Cosmetology instructor popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists-many instructors had fantastic careers in the salon before they decided to dedicate themselves to teaching new professionals the tricks of the trade

    Educating new cosmetologists can be very trying, but it can also be some of the most rewarding work a person can do


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    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsSalon Stylist- performs all services offered in a salon. Could be asked to handle any number of tasks and duties in the salon


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    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsWig or Extensions Specialist-change the length , texture and color by adding extensions, through braiding, weaving, bonding, gluing, or sewing. Wigs, especially for people who experience hair loss. Or a men’s hair replacement specialist

    Cambridge.gumtree.com

    Jamaica-newyork.olx.com


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    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsRetail Specialist-work in spa, salon or department store

    • handling merchandise and inventory

    Thedressingroomsalon.com

    divasalonspa,.com


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    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsSkin Care Specialist/Esthetician-offers treatments to perfect the look and health of the skin. Also trained to do makeup. With specialized training, you can work with Dermatologists to provide various treatments for problematic skin

    Many will own their own business


    Slide76 l.jpg

    Instituteofaesthetics.org popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists

    Designingbeautyacademy.com

    Dominelli.com


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    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsMakeup Artist-able to blend, shade, and create any image. Work with a private clientele, become a makeup director for a department store, represent a line of cosmetics, work in TV or film, fashion magazines, theater, independent freelancer


    Slide78 l.jpg

    Centennialcollege.ca popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists

    Flickr.com


    Slide79 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsNail Technician/Manicurist-provide clients with manicures and pedicures, nail art, artificial nail services

    ***Day Spa Stylist or Technician-all salon services plus treatments like body massage, body wraps, hydrotherapy. A day spa may be the ideal professional environment for you


    Slide80 l.jpg

    Beautynewsnyc.com popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists

    Funandsun.com


    Slide81 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsSalon Manager- is a leader, helps team members achieve their goals through training, and development, counseling, and coaching. Job includes purchasing, personnel development, advertising, sales, budgeting, and people skills


    Slide82 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsSalon Owner-has responsibilities and challenges. You set a standard for the quality of service you bring to the workplace. You make the decisions of products and services. You handle the business end, paying bills, payroll, taxes, etc.


    Slide83 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsProduct Educator-must possess good communication skills, people skills, and a dynamic image, poised, good at listening, observing, and speaking to groups. Travel is a must

    Lastheplace.com


    Slide84 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsCosmetic Chemist-you can work for cosmetic manufacturers, become a consultant for several companies, be on a panel that studies products. Further education may be required

    Lsct.com


    Slide85 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsSession Stylist-stylist for hair and makeup for models being photographed for magazines or books

    Rheeviews.com

    Hji.co.uk


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    Ftape.com popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialists


    Slide87 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsHairstylist for TV, Movies, or Theater

    work with celebrities.

    Mastionne.com

    Epicartistry.com


    Slide88 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsStyles Director/Artistic Director-works with videographers, fashion magazines, publishing companies, etc. to create the right look

    ***Design Team Member-creates presentations for fashion shows, runway work, hair shows, etc. Be on the cutting edge of fashion and design


    Slide89 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsPlatform Artist-on stage, performing for people, sharing knowledge and traveling. Demonstrates current trends and techniques. Salon experience is a must

    Arrojostudio.com


    Slide90 l.jpg

    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsCompetition Champion- “the best” display their individual talents and techniques. Often establishes their own salon, works as trainers, and sets a high standard for pricing

    ***Educator-work as an educational consultant for a product manufacturer, educator in the private or vocational sector, school director. Should have patience, people skills, communication skills, and energy


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    *** popularity, providing new opportunities for men’s nail care specialistsWriter-for articles, books, brochures, produce videos. Work for a publishing company

    ***State Board Member-take a proactive role in the regulatory issues affecting the cosmetology industry. You could also become a state board examiner or a state board inspector


    Slide92 l.jpg


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    • Salon Management revenue

    • management opportunities are diverse

    • * inventory manager

    • * department head

    • * special events manager

    • * assistant manager

    • * general manager


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    Salon owner revenue

    * enroll in business classes to learn about managing:

    ~ products

    ~ departments

    ~ people


    Slide95 l.jpg

    Reflectionssaloninc.com revenue

    Identity-uk.com


    Slide96 l.jpg


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    • make each day in school positively impact your future, focus on your studies, subscribe and read professional publications

    • become a member in trade associations, continue your education by attending workshops outside of school

    • remember your license will unlock countless doors, but it is your personal dedication and passion that will fuel your career

    • be excited, you are on your way!!


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