Bloodborne pathogens
Download
1 / 35

bloodborne pathogens - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 291 Views
  • Updated On :

Bloodborne Pathogens. An overview of OSHA regulations and UNI procedures. University of Northern Iowa EH&S Training Program Wellness Resource Lab. Web Based Training was Created for UNI Employees with the Intent to:.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'bloodborne pathogens' - HarrisCezar


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Bloodborne pathogens l.jpg

Bloodborne Pathogens

An overview of OSHA regulations and UNI procedures

University of Northern Iowa

EH&S Training Program

Wellness Resource Lab


Web based training was created for uni employees with the intent to l.jpg
Web Based Training was Created for UNI Employees with the Intent to:

  • Expand awareness of existing environmental, health and safety policies/procedures

  • Provide information to assist in evaluating and improving each work environment

  • Assist in determining the need for more advanced training


Slide3 l.jpg

Is that blood on the floor?

I must tell someone!


Topics covered l.jpg
Topics Covered

  • Transmission of Potentially Infectious Materials

  • Common Bloodborne Diseases

  • Personal Protective Equipment

  • Controlling Potentially Infectious Materials

  • Labeling Potentially Infectious Materials

  • Exposure Control Plan


Who needs this training l.jpg
Who needs this training?

  • Any employee or student who may be occupationally exposed to blood and other potentially infectious materials at the University of Northern Iowa


Definition l.jpg
Definition

Bloodborne Pathogens are classified as anything that contains human blood,

blood products, or

blood components



Slide8 l.jpg

Saliva in dental procedures

Semen and vaginal secretions

Cerebrospinal, synovial, pleural, pericardial, peritoneal, and amniotic fluids

Body fluids visibly contaminated with blood

HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures and HIV or HBV-containing culture mediums or other solutions

Potentially Infectious Human Body Fluids Include:


Modes of transmission for bloodborne pathogens l.jpg
Modes of Transmission for Bloodborne Pathogens

  • Any form of broken skin, which includes:

    • Abrasions

    • Blisters

    • Burns

    • Cuts

    • Eyes, nose, mouth

    • Punctures from sharp objects


Transmission l.jpg
Transmission

Bloodborne Pathogens are not passed through the air like cold and flu germs.

They are most commonly transmitted by:

  • Accidental puncture of skin by sharp contaminated objects

  • Contact of broken skin

  • Contact of mucous membrane and body fluids


Common bloodborne diseases l.jpg
COMMONBLOODBORNE DISEASES


Universal precautions l.jpg
Universal Precautions

The single most important measure to prevent transmission of HBV and HIV is to treat all human blood and other potentially

infectious materials

AS IF THEY ARE

infected with HBV and HIV.


Bloodborne diseases acquired immune deficiency syndrome l.jpg
Bloodborne Diseases: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

  • Over 1 million Americans have AIDS

  • The individual’s immune system is depleted

  • If infected, he or she may not have symptoms for years

  • There is no cure or vaccination but there are treatment options available to prolong an individual’s life


Bloodborne diseases hepatitis b l.jpg
Bloodborne Diseases: Hepatitis B

  • The most common is a serious liver infection

    • Over 12 million people in the U.S. are infected

    • Up to 100,000 new people will be infected each year

  • If infected, one may or may not have symptoms

    • Symptoms may feel like the flu

  • Effects can be acute or chronic

  • Can be treated if detected early

  • Vaccination is available


Bloodborne diseases hepatitis c l.jpg
Bloodborne Diseases: Hepatitis C

  • Over 3.9 million Americans have been infected.

    • There are approximately 25,000 new cases per year.

  • Chronic infection usually results in chronic liver disease. With about 5,000 deaths per year.

  • Infected individuals usually show no symptoms.

  • It is treatable if detected early.

  • There is no vaccination available.



1 method of control l.jpg
#1 Method of Control

Personal protective equipment must be used throughout the duration of bloodborne pathogen exposure

It is essential to have a barrier between you and the potentially infectious material.


Personal protective equipment18 l.jpg

Equipment includes:

latex, rubber or vinyl gloves

gowns

laboratory coats

face shields or masks

eye protection

Personal Protective Equipment

Protective barriers are intended to prevent blood or other potentially infectious materials from passing through to worker’s clothing, skin, or mucous membranes.


When using protective gloves l.jpg

Inspect for defects before use

Remove gloves and wash hands if gloves have

become contaminated

Do not snap gloves when removing them

Grasp gloves at the wrist and pull off, inside out

Discard in biohazard waste container

Always wash hands after removing gloves

Never reuse disposable gloves

When Using Protective Gloves


Disposal of personal protective equipment l.jpg
Disposal of Personal Protective Equipment

  • Remove all personal protective equipment immediately after contamination or leaving the work area

  • Place all personal protective equipment in an appropriately designated area or container for storing, washing, decontaminating, or discarding

  • Replace disposable, gloves as soon as possible when contaminated or if torn, punctured, or barrier function is compromised

  • Do not reuse disposable gloves


Controlling potentially infectious materials l.jpg
CONTROLLING POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS


Methods of control l.jpg
Methods of Control

Engineering Controls:

  • Discard contaminated items like needles, broken glass, scalpels, or other sharp items, in puncture-resistant, leak-proof containers, color-coded red or labeled, according to the standard

  • Use puncture-resistant, leak-proof containers, color-coded red or labeled to store contaminated reusable sharps until they are properly reprocessed

  • Store and process reusable contaminated equipment that ensures safe handling

  • Use puncture-resistant, leak-proof containers to collect, handle, process, store, transport, or ship blood specimens and potentially infectious materials. Label these specimens if shipped outside the facility


Methods of control cont l.jpg
Methods of Control(cont.)

Workplace Controls:

  • As soon as gloves are removed, wash hands to prevent any contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials.

  • If exposure to the eye has occurred, use an eye wash immediately.

  • Unless required to do so by specific medical procedures or the employer, do not bend, recap, or remove contaminated needles.


Methods of control cont24 l.jpg
Methods of Control(cont.)

Workplace Controls:

  • Do not eat, drink, smoke, apply cosmetics, or handle contact lenses in areas of potential bloodborne pathogen exposure

  • Do not store food or drink in refrigerators or on shelves where blood or potentially infectious materials are present

  • Disinfect area as soon as work is complete

  • Use plastic instead of glass when available


Labeling potentially infectious materials l.jpg
LABELING POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS


Labels and marking systems l.jpg
Labels and Marking Systems

Every discarded bloodborne pathogen must be placed in a container with either of these labels attached.


Labels and marking systems27 l.jpg
Labels and Marking Systems

  • Universal Biohazard labels should be on all containers that are holding biohazard materials.

  • Doors or areas where biohazard material is stored should also be labeled.

  • Red bags may also be used to indicate the storage of biohazard materials.


Exposure control plan l.jpg
EXPOSURE CONTROL PLAN


Slide29 l.jpg

Clean up of blood

spills will be done

by custodians only.


Decontamination l.jpg
Decontamination

Anything that comes in

contact with blood or other

biohazard materials

must be disinfected

before reuse

or discarded appropriately


Uni exposure control plan l.jpg
UNI Exposure Control Plan

  • Documentation

    • Accurate records must be kept of each department’s

      written exposure control plan at UNI

    • Employee training must also be recorded

  • Review

    • Each plan must be reviewed and updated annually

      to address university changes

  • Information

    • Go tohttp://www.vpaf.uni.edu/ehso/programs/bloodborne2009.pdf to view the UNI Physical Plant’s Exposure Control Plan


Reporting of exposure incidents l.jpg
Reporting of Exposure Incidents

Employee informs

supervisor

Departmental exposure

control plan in effect

Incident occurs

Supervisor collects

all necessary

information for reports

Supervisor provides copy

of the Bloodborne Pathogen

Standard to employee before

he/she goes to the hospital

Documentation of the

incident using a “post

exposure incident

confidential record” is recorded

For example, a Physical Plant employee will contact his/her direct supervisor who

will then contact the Safety Manager who will make arrangements

to get the employee to Sartori Hospital.


Post exposure evaluation and follow up l.jpg
Post-Exposure Evaluation and Follow-up

  • Documentation of the route of exposure and circumstances related to the incident

  • Identification of the potential source individual and status

  • Results of testing the source individual will be made available to the exposed employee

  • Employee will be offered the option of having their blood collected for testing. Blood will be kept on hand for 90 days then disposed of properly

  • Employee will be offered post exposure prophylaxis in accordance with current U.S. Public Health Services recommendations

  • Employee will be provided appropriate counseling


Training requirements l.jpg
Training Requirements

  • Initial Training

    • Anyone who may be introduced to an area where occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens may occur at UNI

  • Annual Refresher Training

    • Required every 12 months to refresh the details of bloodborne pathogen exposure procedures at UNI


Additional training or information l.jpg
Additional Training or Information

Contact:

The Environmental Health and Safety Office at 273-7269

The Wellness Resource Lab at 273-6119

Or Email:

Joan Thompson [email protected]

Wendel Reece [email protected]


ad