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Blending prevention intervention and public policy enforcement l.jpg

Blending Prevention, Intervention and Public Policy Enforcement

Alcohol Policy Conference 13

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Presenters: EnforcementMark Ames, Program Development, Vermont Department Health, Alcohol and Drug Abuse ProgramsThomas E. Perras Director, Vermont Department Health, Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse ProgramsJohn D'Esposito Investigator/Trainer Vermont Department of Liquor ControlPaul Haskell Director of Justice-Works; coordinator of a local START program / parallel court diversion program

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Strategy: State Incentive Grant -New Directions drinking.

  • Science-based prevention

  • 23 coalitions

  • Local ownership

  • Prevention skills for parents, kids, communities and schools

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Strategy: Vermont League of Cities and Towns(VLCT) and law enforcement

  • Pass grant through VLCT

  • Fund START programs

    Benefit: Expands sphere of influence by involving cities and towns in grass roots norm change.

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  • VLCT subgrants to community START programs to break up underage drinking parties. Involves:

    • Sheriffs' departments

    • Local police

    • State's attorneys

    • Courts

  • Connect New Directions, VLCT and START

    Benefit: Brings juvenile justice system into partnership of culture and norms change process.

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Public Policy Change underage drinking parties. Involves:

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Strategy: Possession of Malt Beverage Law underage drinking parties. Involves:

  • Possession leads to:

    • Screening

    • Assessment

    • Treatment

    • Failure to comply = Loss of Driver’s License

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Indicators of Norm Change: underage drinking parties. Involves:

  • Chittenden County State's Attorney speaking about processing of underage drinking cases,

    "This issue is too important to not bring it to the court."

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Community reaction: underage drinking parties. Involves:

  • Parents saw that the law would be upheld.

  • Some parents objected.

  • Parents began to set boundaries for their children.

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Public policy change: underage drinking parties. Involves:

  • Implemented through changing laws governing underage possession of malt beverage.

  • Requires offenders to go through diversion, be screened and enter treatment if necessary, or lose their license.

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Continuum of prevention, intervention and treatment underage drinking parties. Involves: Intervene at any opportunity

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  • Statewide: levels.

    • Vermont Substance Abuse Coalition

    • New Directions Advisory Council

    • START Advisory Council

  • Local:

    • New Directions coalitions

    • START coalitions

    • START enforcement teams

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    START Advisory Council levels.

    • Attorney General's Office

    • Department of State's Attorneys

    • Agency of Human Services Planning Division OJJDP Coordinator

    • Department of Education

    • Governor’s Office on Highway Safety

    • Statewide Diversion Board coordinator

    • Department of Motor Vehicles

    • Vermont State Police

    • Department of Liquor Control,

    • Burlington and other municipal police departments,

    • Rutland County Sheriff’s department

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    12 Regional START Coalitions levels.

    • Minimum membership required:

      • Law enforcement agencies

      • State’s Attorney

      • Diversion Board Representative

      • Local Prevention coalition

        Note: applicants required to involve any local substance abuse prevention coalition, which is a successful New Directions applicant.

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    What’s in a name? levels.



    All aspects of Underage Enforcement

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    The New Directions grant process required coalitions to: levels.

    • use research based prevention approaches as the core of their project

    • participate in Vermont’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey

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    Training - New Directions levels.


    • Research-based programming


    • Local coalition coordinators

    • Local coalition members

    • State policy makers

    • Advisory Board Members

    • Grant Review Team

    • State agency and field prevention staff

    • Other prevention practitioners

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    Training - START levels.


    • Team Enforcement Strategies

    • Strategies for youth enforcement

    • Ways to involve the community


    • Vermont law enforcement community

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    Training - Combined New Directions and START levels.

    • Environmental Prevention

    • Collaborative approaches

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    Changing Norms About Underage Drinking in Vermont levels.

    Investigator John D’Esposito

    Vermont Dept. Of Liquor Control

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    Three Legs of the Stool levels.

    • Demand

    • Supply

    • Locale

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    What We Can Do for You? levels.

    Case studies – Drinking Parties

    Rutland County START



    • Large parties

    • Same location

    • Convenient

    • Very young teens

    • Parties go on all night

    • Small parties

    • Different locations

    • Remote locations

    • Older teens or adults

    • Expectation party will be broken up

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    Is a joint collaboration between:

    • Vermont Dept. of Education

    • Vermont Dept. of Liquor Control

    • Governor’s Highway Safety Program

    • Vermont Teen Leadership Safety Program & SADD

    • Local New Directions Coalitions

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • On the local level, Z/N/ N is a collaboration between VTSLP & SADD groups and the New Directions Community Coalition in their area.

    • It will be piloted in areas with both partners.

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • Teens and New Directions members will contact local stores that are licensed to sell wine, beer & liquor and ask them to sign the Zero, Nada, None Program Pledge

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • The store pledges not to sell alcohol to anyone under 21- to comply with the law

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • The store promises not to allow anyone who looks under 30 to purchase alcohol without proper identification.

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • The store promises to refuse sales to anyone with false identification and to notify local law enforcement or the Dept. of Liquor Control immediately.

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • The store promises to provide proper training to all employees to ensure the the state laws regarding the sale of alcohol are obeyed.

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • The local partners will hold a press conference telling about Z/N/N and applauding the local retailers for their civic involvement

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    Zero, Nada, None levels.

    • The state partners will provide trainings for New Directions Coalitions and SADD & VTLSP on how to run Z/N/N

    • They will also provide program materials- buttons, pins, stickers, magnets, signs…

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    Partnering the Rutland Way levels.

    Our County’s Blueprint to Success Through Partnership

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    We Believe We Can Change Things levels.

    • We have a “can do” attitude

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    We Value Collaboration, Not Competition levels.

    We do not

    • Compete against each other for grants

    • We look for ways to do the task with partners

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    We Are Equal Partners levels.

    • There are no all stars

    • We recognize the efforts of all in media

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    We Face Our Problems Head-on levels.

    • We don’t deny that they are there

    • We don’t sugar-coat them

    • We don’t manage the media

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    We Believe in Recognizing Our Work levels.

    Upcoming RAP awards night includes:

    • START awards

    • RBFS awards

    • Mentoring awards

    • “Ark” award

    • Youth group

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    We Layer Our Relationships on Each Other levels.

    • Each relationship builds on those before it

    • Partners know what to expect from each other

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    We Value Our Employees levels.

    • Governance and supervision is inclusive

    • We value them and treat them as full partners

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    Mentoring Programs levels.

    • Involve other partners in training & recruitment

    • Work it out program

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    Alcohol Retailers Have to Be Trained levels.

    • Training includes tobacco laws

    • Seminar attendees pass compliance checks for alcohol & tobacco at higher rates than either persons trained in-house or who are untrained

    • We can offer this training to more people through these grants, and will have less tobacco sold to minors

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    The RAP Coalition Also Has an Anti-drug Media Campaign Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • They rotate on different times between different drugs to focus on

    • They use coalition members, such as our Youth Council, to produce them

    • They co-produced the Keeping Our Kids drug –free Booklet

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    Responsible Retailer Recognition Programs Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Coalitions can recognize retailers which successfully/ continuously pass compliance checks

    • Media opportunity

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    Rutland City Police Dept. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    Brandon Police Dept.

    Fair Haven Police Dept.

    Castleton Police Dept.

    Rutland County Sheriff’s Dept.

    Vermont State Police

    Vermont Dept. of Fish & Wildlife

    Vermont Dept. of Liquor Control

    Vermont Dept. of Motor Vehicles

    Law Enforcement Partners

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    Community Partners Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Rutland County Court Diversion

    • Rutland County State’s Attorney’s Office

    • Rutland Area Prevention Coalition

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    Stop the Party Before It Starts Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Partner with schools

    • Party hotline

    • Community coalitions

    • Student non-users

    • Informed retailers

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    Stop the Party Before It Starts Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Preplan according to calendar

    • Special upcoming events

    • Know your area

    • Partner with party alternatives (counter programming)

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    Fish & Wildlife Patrol Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Game Wardens patrol fishing access & state lands

    • Minors often drink in these locations

    • Wardens can also issue F&W tickets @ same time

    • Reduces damages @state lands, citizens can use them freely

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    Beach Patrol Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Plainclothes officers visit state beaches

    • Minors often drink at the beaches & parks

    • Officers also often find drug violations

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    Parking Lot Patrol Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Two plainclothes officers in unmarked

    • One has drug experience

    • At teen dance clubs, malls, plaza, bar lots

    • Great training opportunity

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    Assistant Doorman Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Plainclothes officer stands next to doorman at nightclub

    • Officer does not check ID, but is given false/altered licenses

    • Officer finds underage drinkers trying to get in

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    Reactive Response Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Citizens or police officers call in parties in progress

    • Police survey situation and make recommendations

    • Coordinators call out needed number of officers

    • We had 12 officers respond in 30 minutes to a party

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    Proactive Patrols Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Planned outings when parties may be held

    • Held at times of historic drinking-graduation, pig roast, clam bake, proms

    • Has resulted in amazing response times when complaints come in

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    “Black Friday Initiative” Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Friday after Thanksgiving is heaviest underage drinking day

    • Coordinated county-wide efforts

    • Returning college students drink w/ friends

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    Prom Fashion Show Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • START provided an officer at a booth at a mall fashion show

    • Officer was available to give information to prom-goers & their families about underaged drinking

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    Snowmobile Races Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    This year, there have been a lot of alcohol-related snowmobile deaths & injuries

    Officers used fatal vision goggles at display and in pit with drivers

    Races sponsored by RAP Coalition as healthful alternative

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    Vermont’s Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01Teen Alcohol Safety Program.

    Paul Haskell

    Executive Director


    The Community Justice Umbrella for the Upper Valley

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    Tom’s Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

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    Mine. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

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    Vermont’s Act 160. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • How law enforcement, the judicial system, and community-based justice respond to underage drinking.

      • How it works.

      • Preliminary results.

      • Advances in the therapeutic model.

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    What Act 160 Does. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    GOAL: increase enforcement of underage possession laws.

    • Decriminalizes underage possession.

    • Replaces criminal penalties with community-based Teen Alcohol Safety Program (TASP).

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    TASP – Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01The Teen Alcohol Safety Program.

    • Enroll with County Diversion Program.

    • Must get an alcohol assessment.

    • Basic alcohol education.

    • Other conditions applied locally.

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    Locally Directed Provisions: Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Meet with “Hearing Board”.

    • Basic alcohol education (ex. ENCARE).

    • Perform community service.

    • Research paper/presentation.

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    TASP Costs: Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Fine ($100) for ticket.

    • Local Diversion Fee ($80 - $150)

    • Alcohol assessment ($80 - $120)

      • tx if recommended ($300+)

    • Average: $400.

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    TASP Penalties: Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    Failure to comply:

    • up to 90 days suspension of license.

    • $50 reinstatement fee.

    • increased insurance premiums.

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    Early Results … Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    Experience from Windsor County

    (20 months)

    • 10% of VT

    • 57,000 people

    • 3,101 age 15 – 21

    • mostly rural

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    Interdiction. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    FY 2001 (Criminal PMB)…… 65

    FY 2002 (Civil PMB)………….. 281

    CHANGE…………………………….. 216

    Percent Change…………………. 432%

    Source: Justice-Works! (Windsor County Court Diversion Programs, Inc.)

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    Underage Summons. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    Source: Justice-Works! (Windsor County Court Diversion Programs, Inc.)

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    Impact? Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • changing norms = “market share”

      • did the goal of increasing enforcement make a difference?

    • changing behavior

      • do mandated assessments mean behavior change?

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    “Market Share” Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    underage citations relative to alcohol users and bingers age 16 - 21

    Source: Justice-Works! (Windsor County Court Diversion Programs, Inc.)

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    Good News / Bad News. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

     Interdiction rate is up 400%!

     Completion rate is down (73% vs. 91%).

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    Impact. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01





    Source: Justice-Works! (Windsor County Court Diversion Programs, Inc.)

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    From TASP to T-MAD. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Where public policy hits the road.

      In other words:

    • What if they gave a public policy and nobody stayed.

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    Variations in TASP. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • 9 x 13 manila.

    • shake n’ bake.

    • rattle n’ roll.

    • just plain clueless.

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    Justice-Works! Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • Comprehensive assessment (GAIN).

    • Multi-dimensional (family/supporters).

    • Offers support for significant, sustainable change.

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    Justice-Works Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01(continued)

    • UAs.

    • Accepts multiple offenses

    • T-MAD (teen recovery/support).

      • Meaningful community service.

      • Recovery-focused.

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    Conclusions. Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    • “Decriminalization” is working to change norms.

    • Community-based can support behavior change (or not).

    • Community justice is social capital.

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    From 1999 to 2001, Training Levels, 9/00-12/31/01

    New Directions communities reduced youth substance use.

    They achieved greater reductions on nine substance use measures examined through the Vermont Youth Risk Behavior Survey, relative to the remainder of the state.

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    Another research effort also found significant impact from New Directions coalitions on alcohol use, lending even more credibility to the results…

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    “Results of our statistical analyses show significantly, and substantially, larger declines in alcohol use among Grade 7-8 students in the New Directions communities than among students in the comparison communities that did not have New Direction coalitions."Brian S. Flynn, ScD, Office of Health Promotion Research (OHPR), memo of February 23, 2003.

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    "However, to my knowledge, never has a set of community led coalitions as a group demonstrated the impacts that the New Directions coalitions have. In brief, I expect that the work of your Vermont coalitions and that of your evaluation team will be widely noticed and widely cited, for providing a clear and compelling exemplar of the promise of comprehensive community coalitions. Bravo to all involved!"Paul Florin, consultant to the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.