Turkey Springs Ecological Monitoring. Forest Guild and the Smokey Bear Youth Conservation Corps crew worked in 2004 and 2006 to answer the question, “Was wildfire risk to the Village of Ruidoso Downs reduced?” The answer is “ Yes .”
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Hazardous Fuels Reduction & Wildland-Urban Interface ProjectsMescalero Apache Tribe
Division of Resource Management
Thora Padilla, Program Manager
Sharon Paul, Supervisory Forester
Lyman Shendo, Field Supervisor
Mike Bigmouth, Crew Boss
Mark Hicks, Crew Boss
Mescalero, NM in 1892
Mescalero, NM 111 years later → 2003
Create a spatial arrangement of treatments that will modify fire behavior.
Develop and maintain defensible spaces around residential and other developed areas.
Beneficial “Side Effects”
Restoring historic landscape conditions & ecological functions
Restoring fire regimes
Increasing water yield?
Collaborative partnerships with Bureau of Indian Affairs, US Forest Service, Village of Ruidoso, NM State Forestry & Industry
Focus on leaving large trees in treatment areas such as Skyline Fuel Break.
Skyline Fuel Break also resulted in enhanced wildlife usage.
Treatment results in large amounts of slash on the ground. The dilemma is often how to treat or remove material economically.
Prescribed burning can be used to treat slash in thinning areas and improve range conditions.
Peña Canyon Housing Area Fuels Treatment to Create “Defensible Space”
Hand crews with chainsaws, thinning behind the Golf Course at Inn of the Mountain Gods WUI Project.
Chipping slash in high visual quality area adjacent to Inn of the Mountain Gods.
Masticating equipment used to treat Piñon-Juniper encroachment into meadows.
PJ treated with masticator, near residential areas in Mescalero.
Koller K-300 Yarder is used to treat steep slopes, such as US70 corridor north of Apache Summit.
Wildfire and forest health concerns at the southern boundary of the reservation.
Mescalero Apache ReservationLincoln National Forest
16 Springs Stewardship Contract between the Mescalero Apache Tribe and the Lincoln National Forest was authorized under the Tribal Forest Protection Act, allowing the Tribe to address concerns for catastrophic wildfire and forest health along the southern reservation boundary.
HFR & WUI Treatments (on-reservation) 16,193 acres
Forest Stand Improvement (following commercial harvest) 21,982 acres
US Forest Service lands, 16 Springs Stewardship Contract (signed in 2006) 1,335 acres
For more information call
Division of Resource Management & Protection at (575) 464-4711.
Turkey Springs Canyon Fuels Reduction and Forest Restoration Project
South Central Mountain RC&D Council
South Central Mountain RC&D Council
PO Box 457
Carrizozo, NM 88301
(505) 648-2941 ext 105
Ruidoso, New Mexico
By studying tree rings and fire scars of large old trees, snags and stumps, forest scientists have been able to determine the frequency of fire before extensive European settlement in New Mexico
Pinyon-Juniper 10 - 30 years
Ponderosa pine 2 – 10 years
Mixed Conifer 5 – 25 years
Spruce/Fir 150+ years
By studying tree rings it became apparent that ponderosa pine forests historically experienced frequent low intensity ground fires
“Before” treatment with 1000+ trees per acre.
“After” treatment with 70-80 trees per acre.
Kokopelli Fire 2002 - destroyed this home that had very few trees. Home was lost because of embers igniting flammable material around home site.
Green trees around burned foundation indicate ground fire and lack of defensible space add to home losses.
Forest health challenges include Dwarf mistletoe on Ponderosa pine.
Dwarf mistletoe spreads by producing fruiting bodies that release sticky seeds during monsoon season.
Bark beetle on Ponderosa pine
Pitch tube caused by Bark beetle attack on Ponderosa pine. Hole indicates successful exit of beetle.
Green wood covered by clear plastic reduces beetle habitat.
Ruidoso requires ground fire management …recommends crown fire management.
Trees close to structure are OK as long as ladder fuels and needles are removed.
Clumps of trees and use of natural landscape elements is encouraged.
GreaterRuidoso Area WUI Working Group created to implement individual management objectives in strategic locations.
…working on their “piece of the puzzle”
GRAWUIWG participants at monthly meeting.
Networking and collaboration.
Prescribed burning is conducted by Ruidoso Fire Department to further reduce fuels.
Other collaborations include educational monitoring. YCC crews have been provided through EMNRD and the Forest Trust.
Volumes of data have been collected by young “foresters”
Village Forestry and other GRAWUIWG partners give presentations to Ruidoso High students.
Village of Ruidoso Community Forest Management Plan trailer provides assistance to property owners in Firesmart Neighborhood Program
Allstate Insurance awards the Village $500.00 for their efforts
One of four Solid Waste Department “grappling” trucks …
…providing a forest waste disposal service where 100% of the material is recycled.
Compost from SCI is used in gardens and has been added as a silt control specification with New Mexico’s Highway Department.
One month later…
Other ways to utilize small diameter trees…
Grizzly’s Bears carves bears and other novelties
… and lots more!
Lincoln National Forest
Smokey Bear Ranger District
USFS Wildlife Habitat projects
This presentation was developed by Forestry Department Village of Ruidoso 313 Cree Meadows Drive Ruidoso, NM 88345