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All about the Neuron. The Mighty Brain. Neurological Disorders. Neuroscience Methods. Come to Your Senses. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 2 pt. 2 pt. 2 pt. 2 pt. 2 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 3 pt. 4 pt. 4 pt. 4 pt. 4 pt. 4 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt. 5 pt.

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All about

the Neuron

The Mighty

Brain

Neurological

Disorders

Neuroscience

Methods

Come to

Your Senses

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Another name for

a “nerve cell.”


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What is a neuron?


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The part of the neuron that

brings information

to the cell body.


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What is a dendrite?


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The part of the neuron that

takes information

away from the cell body.


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What is the axon?


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The junction between

two neurons.


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What is a synapse?


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The explosion of electrical

activity sent down an

axon when a neuron

sends information.


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What is an

action potential?


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The weight of the adult

human brain.


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What is about 3 pounds

or 1.4 kilograms?


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The two main divisions

of the nervous system.


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What are the

central nervous system

and the peripheral

nervous system?


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Area of the brain responsible for thought, language and planning.


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What is the

cerebral cortex?


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Connects the right and left

hemispheres of the brain.


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What is the

corpus callosum?


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Name of the man who

survived after an iron rod

went through the frontal

lobe of his brain in 1848.


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Who is Phineas Gage?


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Memory loss,

dementia,

depression,

social withdrawal;

plaques and tangles.


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What are symptoms of

Alzheimer’s disease?


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Disease characterized

as an electrical

“brainstorm.”


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What is epilepsy?


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Excessive daytime

sleepiness, cataplexy,

sleep paralysis,

hypnagogic hallucinations.


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What are symptoms

of narcolepsy?


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Transmitted by ticks;

joint pains, chills,

fever and headache.


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What is

Lyme disease?


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Weakness, paralysis,

death of neurons in the

motor cortex

and spinal cord; named for

a famous baseball player.


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What is amyotrophic

lateral sclerosis?

(Lou Gehrig’s Disease)


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General term for

someone who studies

the nervous system.


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What is a neuroscientist?


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Uses detection of radio frequency signals produced by displaced radio waves in a magnetic field.


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What is MRI?

(Magnetic Resonance Imaging)


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Electrical activity of the brain recorded with scalp or brain electrodes.


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What is an EEG?

(Electroencephalography)


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Scanning method that detects radioactive material that is injected or inhaled to produce an image of the brain.


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What is PET?

(Positron Emission Tomography)


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Brain scan that uses a series of X-ray beams passed through the head.


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What is a CT scan? (Computed Tomography Scan)


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Another name for

the sense of sight.


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What is vision?


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Lobe of the brain

important for hearing.


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What is the

temporal lobe?


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Sour, sweet, salty,

bitter and umami.


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What are the five

basic tastes?


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Free nerve endings,

Pacinian corpuscles,

Ruffini endings.


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What are sensory

receptors in the skin?


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Location of

photoreceptors

in the eye.


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What is the retina?


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