Nutrient Groups and Functions
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Nutrient Groups and Functions. Nutrition : the science that deals with food and how food affects the body Nutrients : substances in food which have various jobs to do in the body Calories : Units which measure the energy value of a food (heat necessary to raise 1kg of H2O 1 degree C).

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Nutrition : the science that deals with food and how food affects the body

Nutrients : substances in food which have various jobs to do in the body

Calories : Units which measure the energy value of a food (heat necessary to raise 1kg of H2O 1 degree C)

DEFINITION OF TERMS


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VITAMINS affects the body


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WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS affects the body

  • VITAMIN B

  • VITAMIN C

  • DISSOLVE IN WATER

  • CAN’T BE STORED


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FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS affects the body

  • VITAMIN A

  • VITAMIN D

  • VITAMIN E

  • VITAMIN K

  • CAN BE STORED IN THE BODY


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COOK TO PRESERVE NUTRITIONAL VALUE affects the body

* STEAM

* MICROWAVE

* COOK WITH SKIN ON


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MINERALS affects the body


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MINERAL FUNCTIONS AND SOURCES affects the body

CALCIUM: BUILDS STRONG BONES AND TEETH

REGULATES NERVE AND MUSCLES

HELPS BLOOD TO CLOT

FOUND IN MILK PRODUCTS AND BROCCOLI

PHOSPHORUS BUILDS STRONG BONES AND TEETH

REGULATES CELL ACTIVITY

FOUND IN MILK PRODUCTS, DRIED

BEANS, BREADS AND MEATS


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IODINE: affects the body HELPS WITH THE ACTIVITY OF THE

THYROID GLAND

FOUND IN SEAFOODS AND IODIZED SALT

IRON: HELPS FORMATION OF RED BLOOD CELLS

FOUND IN MEATS, EGGS,WHOLE GRAINS

DARK LEAFY GREENS AND DRIED FRUITS


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MAGNESIUM: affects the body GOOD FOR MUSCLE AND NERVE

FUNCTION

HELPS BONES AND TEETH

FOUND IN WHOLE GRAINS

MEAT, MILK AND LEAFY GREENS

ZINC: FOR GROWTH AND ENZYMES

FOUND IN MEATS, SEAFOODS

WHOLE GRAINS AND MILK


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PROTEINS affects the body

BUILD AND REPAIR BODY TISSUE

4 CALORIES/G

COMPLETE: HAVE 9 ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS - COME FROM ANIMAL SOURCES

INCOMPLETE: LACKING ONE OR MORE

ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS - COME FROM

PLANT SOURCES


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PROTEINS FROM ANIMAL SOURCES ARE CALLED COMPLETE PROTEINS affects the body

THEY CONTAIN ALL ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS


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PROTEINS FROM PLANT SOURCES ARE CALLED INCOMPLETE affects the body

THEY ARE LACKING ONE OR MORE ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS


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CARBOHYDRATES affects the body

PROVIDE ENERGY

4 CALORIES/GRAM


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SIMPLE CARBOHYDRATES affects the body

SUGARS - SINGLE SUGAR MOLECULES


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COMPLEX affects the body

CARBOHYDRATES

STARCHES - LONG MOLECULES


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FATS affects the body

PROVIDES ENERGY: PROVIDES 9 CAL/G.

Unsaturated

FATS

LIQUID AT ROOM TEMPERATURE

Saturated Fats

SOLID AT ROOM TEMPERATURE


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FATS IN OUR DIETS COME FROM BOTH ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE SOURCES.

NO MORE THAN 30% OF A DAY’S CALORIES SHOULD COME FROM FAT.



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