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THE US GOVERNMENT with help from http://bensguide.gpo.gov/. TWO GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF US GOVERNMENT 1. SEPARATION OF POWERS 2. CHECKS AND BALANCES. SEPARATION OF POWERS. CHECKS and BALANCES. http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Lesson_13_Notes.htm. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH. CONGRESS HOUSE OF

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checks and balances
CHECKS and BALANCES

http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Lesson_13_Notes.htm

legislative branch
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

CONGRESS

  • HOUSE OF

REPRESENTATIVES

  • SENATE
  • Agencies:
  • Library of congress,
  • Congressional budget office
  • etc
house of representatives 435 members
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (435 members)
  • A NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES ARE ELECTED FOR 2 YEARS FROM EACH STATE DEPENDING ON POPULATION

Must be

  • 25 or older
  • Citizen for 7 years
  • Resident of state
  • HOUSE SPEAKER IS THE LEADER
senate 100 members
SENATE (100 members)

TWO SENATORS ARE ELECTED FROM EACH STATE FOR 6 years

Must be

    • 30 or older
    • Citizen for 9 years
    • Resident of state
  • Vice president is the leader
executive branch
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
  • PRESIDENT and his cabinet
    • VICE PRESIDENT
    • 15 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS
      • Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, and the Attorney General.
the president
THE PRESIDENT
  • And vice president are elected by the people (via the Electoral College) for 4 years
  • Must be at least 35 years old
  • Must be a natural born citizen
  • Must have lived in the US for 14 years
  • May only serve 2 terms (8 years)
order of succession
Order of Succession
  • If something happens to the president, who is next?
    • Vice President
    • Speaker of the House
    • President of the Senate
    • Secretary of State
    • Secretary of the Treasury
    • Secretary of Defense
    • Attorney General
    • Secretary of the Interior etc.
judicial branch
JUDICIAL BRANCH
  • SUPREME COURT
    • 9 SUPREME COURT JUSTICES
      • One of these is the Chief Justice
      • Appointed by president
      • Serve until retirement
    • Only has about 100 cases a year from STATE and FEDERAL COURTS
voting
VOTING
  • Every 4 years (00, 04, 08, 12, 16,20…)
  • BIPARTITE SYSTEM (TWO (big) PARTIES)
    • REPUBLICAN (GOP) --- e.g. George W. Bush
    • DEMOCRATIC --- e.g. John Kerry
    • Other small parties
      • Socialist
      • Green
      • Etc.
    • Independent candidates
the electoral college
The Electoral College

Source: http://blog.4president.org/2008/2009/01/2008-electoral-college-map.html

that s all for today
That’s all for today!!
  • For some fun, try these:
    • Presidents’ card game
    • Name that President
    • Or catch up on some lessons (11, 6, 7, 8, 9)
    • Or take your test again….
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