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Crown— the top part of the tooth, and the only part you can normally see. The shape of the crown determines the tooth's function. For example, front teeth are sharp and chisel-shaped for cutting, while molars have flat surfaces for grinding.
Cementum - a layer of tough, yellowish, bone-like tissue that covers the root of a tooth. It helps hold the tooth in the socket. The cementum contains the periodontal membrane.
Soft bristle toothbrush
Tilt toothbrush to a 45 degree angle against the gum line and gently brush in circular motion
Inner tooth surface continue to brush at 45 degrees back and forth in circular motion
Brush the front teeth vertically in a soft circular motion to remove any pellicle ( protein produced by saliva which house cariogenic bacteria- like streptococci which is more commonly known as plaque)
Also brush biting surfaces
DO NOT FORGET THE TONGUE! The tongue can house over 300 million plaque producing bacteria only after a couple of hours after brushing
- Dentists use X-rays to determine the length of the canals or use an electric device called an apex locator.(An apex locator makes a calculation based on the resistance to a small electric current.)
3. Use of antiseptic solution to clean the area
4. Fill the tooth and place a fitted crown