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Greek Sculpture Greek Sculpture Two Enduring Understandings about Greek sculpture: Greek sculpture demonstrates a discernable pattern of development that we can categorize A specific vocabulary can be used to describe Greek sculpture Objectives:

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greek sculpture2

Greek Sculpture

Two Enduring Understandings about Greek sculpture:

Greek sculpture demonstrates a discernable pattern of development that we can categorize

A specific vocabulary can be used to describe Greek sculpture

objectives

Objectives:

Identify periods of Greek sculptural development.

Define vocabulary to describe sculpture.

Apply period names and vocabulary terms to analysis of example sculptures.

a pattern of development

A Pattern of Development

Enduring Understandings about Greek sculpture:

1. Greek sculpture demonstrates a discernable pattern of development that we can categorize

slide5

A Pattern of Development

Evolution of the Kouroi to the Kritios Boy and Comparison with the Hellenistic Apollo Belvedere.

The Evolution of Realism: 1) c. 600 BC, 2) c. 575-550 BC, 3) c. 560 BC, 4) c. 530-520 BC , 5) c. 515-500 BC, 6) c. 485 BC, 7) c. 320 BC

http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/Evolution.htm

greek sculpture development

Greek Sculpture Development

Periods and their Styles

Vocabulary to Describe Styles

Example Pieces

Example Types

periodization
Periodization

Historians use a technique we may term periodization to assign events, individuals and works of art and literature to a specific time period.

periods of greek sculpture
Periods of Greek Sculpture

Archaic

Classical

Hellenistic

500’s and earlier B.C.

400’s B.C

300’s B.C. and later

two archaic sculpture types kouros kore
Two Archaic Sculpture Types: Kouros & Kore

Male: kouros (youth) Female: kore (maiden)

hellenistic

Hellenistic

Period ________

vocabulary to describe greek sculpture
Vocabulary to Describe Greek Sculpture
  • stylized: elimination or exaggeration of details; subjects are portrayed using a pattern or standard of expression
  • symbolic: use of symbols to convey meaning
  • idealize: attempt to create perfect representations
  • contraposotto: weight shift that renders a graceful attitude to the sculpture.
  • naturalistic or realistic: portraiture, replicate life without relying on ideals, styles, or symbols; we may think of this as life-like
how to look at greek sculpture
How to look at Greek Sculpture

Ask Three Questions

To Identify the

Period

of a Greek Sculpture

how to look at greek sculpture16
How to look at Greek Sculpture
  • What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION?
  • What is the POSE?
  • How are the KNEES portrayed?
how to look at greek sculpture17
How to look at Greek Sculpture
  • What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION?

stylized: elimination or exaggeration of details; subjects are portrayed using a pattern or standard of expression

note hair, eyes, nose, mouth and symmetry

Archaic

how to look at greek sculpture18
How to look at Greek Sculpture
  • What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION?

Classical

idealized:

represents an attempt to create perfect representation of the human form

how to look at greek sculpture19
How to look at Greek Sculpture
  • What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION?

naturalistic or realistic:

portraiture, replicates life without relying on ideals, styles, or symbols

We may think of these pieces as life-like.

Hellenistic

archaic20

What is the POSE?

Archaic

  • note head position and attention
  • note arm position and flexion
  • note foot/leg position: stylized/ or symbolic of motion or being at rest * the meaning is debated
  • note symmetry
classical21

What is the POSE?

Classical

frozen action or static pose

contraposotto:

weight shift that renders a graceful attitude to the sculpture.

hellenistic22

What is the POSE?

Hellenistic

  • awkward position
  • frozen moment
  • emotion demonstrated
  • physical age imperfection evident or exaggerated

Period ________

archaic23

How are the KNEES portrayed?

  • block-like
  • stiff, flexed muscles
  • patella (knee cap) over emphasized

Archaic

classical24

How are the KNEES portrayed?

Classical

  • a pose “in motion” may render differences between the two knees
  • muscles are more gracefully joined, often somewhat over emphasized
  • patella (knee cap) slightly over-emphasized
hellenistic25

How are the KNEES portrayed?

Hellenistic

  • more graceful musculature
  • knee cap evident but not over emphasized
  • possibly obscured by clothing

Period ________

hellenistic27

How are the KNEES portrayed?

Hellenistic

  • more graceful musculature
  • knee cap evident but not over emphasized
  • possibly obscured by clothing

Period ________

slide29

The Laocöon Group

(Rome, Vatican Museums)

slide31

Doryphoros

Polykleitos

(The Canon, or Spear Carrier) marble, c450 BC (Vatican Museums)

slide32

Diadoumenos, or the Fillet Binder

Polykleitos

(Roman copy after bronze original c.450)

slide33

Wounded Amazon,

copy after originals known to have been created by Phidias for competition

Metropolitan Museum, New York

slide34

Wounded Amazon,

copy after originals known to have been created by Polykleitos for competition

?In Ephesus?

Won by Polykleitos

Vatican Museum

greek sculpture quiz35

Peplos Kore

(c530 BC) polychromed (painted) marble

Greek Sculpture Quiz:

slide36

Peplos Kore

(c530 BC) polychromed (painted) marble

greek sculpture quiz37

Moscophoros,

the Calf-Bearer

(Acropolis Museum)

Greek Sculpture Quiz:

greek sculpture quiz39

Kroisos from Anavyssos,

grave marker (c540-515 BC) (Athens, National Museum) polychromed (painted) marble

Greek Sculpture Quiz:

greek sculpture quiz40

Kroisos from Anavyssos,

grave marker (c540-515 BC) (Athens, National Museum) polychromed (painted) marble

Greek Sculpture Quiz:

slide41

Kritios

(c480 BC) marble (Athens, Acropolis Museum)

slide42

Aphrodite of Melos,

second century BC (Paris, Louvre)

slide43

Aphrodite of Melos,

second century BC (Paris, Louvre)

slide46

Greek Sculpture: Quiz Name_______________________ Date__________Directions:Examine the figures as noted. Above and beside each figure create a flower as indicated by the diagram on the balckboard.

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