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Christianity. Christian Religion. Centered on the worship of One God, revealed through Jesus of Nazareth Apocalyptic Originally thought by the Romans to be a Jewish sect. (How wrong they were!). Bible. Old Testament Hebrew Bible New Testament Christian Bible Apocrypha

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Christianity

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Christianity l.jpg

Christianity


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Christian Religion

  • Centered on the worship of One God, revealed through Jesus of Nazareth

  • Apocalyptic

  • Originally thought by the Romans to be a Jewish sect.

    • (How wrong they were!)


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Bible

  • Old Testament

    • Hebrew Bible

  • New Testament

    • Christian Bible

  • Apocrypha

    • Both Hebrew and Christian sources

  • Some sects have additional scriptures


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The New Testament

  • 4 Gospels

    • Records of the life of Jesus

  • Acts of the Apostles and Epistles

    • Letters from the Apostles and other early church leaders

  • Book of Revelation

    • The Apocalypse


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Jesus of Nazareth

  • Lived 30 years in Palestine

  • Jewish by religion and descent

    • Attended synagogue

    • Celebrated Jewish feasts and holidays

  • Traveling minister

  • Many hoped he would redeem Israel and free Jews from Roman rule


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Jesus Christ

  • Believed by Christians to be the Messiah promised to the Jews.

  • Believed to have been born of virgin birth, possibly of immaculate conception.


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Easter

  • Christianity is rooted in the belief that after his crucifixion, Jesus rose from the dead.

  • Holy Week of Easter coincides with Jewish Passover, except in the Eastern Orthodox traditions.

  • Sabbath on Sunday initially was a weekly commemoration of Easter.


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Schisms in Christianity

  • 1054 “The Great Schism”

    • Divides Eastern and Western churches

  • 1517 “Protestant Reformation”

    • Martin Luther’s “95 Theses”

    • Begins in Germany, spreads through Europe


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Results of Schisms

  • Roman Catholicism

  • Eastern Orthodoxy

  • Protestantism


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Roman Catholicism

  • Traces roots to first Christians

  • Pope: successor of St. Peter, a disciple of Jesus, ordained by Christ as the leader of the church


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Eastern Orthodoxy

  • Schism mainly political as Byzantine Empire flourished in spite of fall of Roman Empire

  • Rejected clause being added to Nicene Creed that says Holy Spirit issues from both Father and Son

  • Reject immaculate conception, while retaining idea of virgin birth.


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Protestantism

  • Salvation comes through faith and God’s grace

  • Scripture is the ONLY supreme doctrine

  • Reject immaculate conception, assumption of Mary, clerical celibacy, purgatory, intercession of saints.


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Common Ground for Christians

  • Baptism

  • Eucharist/Communion

  • New Testament scriptures

  • Christmas and Easter


  • Login