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Chapter 13: Middle Ages 432-1328 AD PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Chapter 13: Middle Ages 432-1328 AD World History Mr. H France was led by several kings such as Clovis, Charles the Hammer, and Pepin the Short The most famous king was Charlemagne. The Franks Charlemagne wanted to build a “new Rome” in western Europe. His empire was divided into regions

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Chapter 13: Middle Ages 432-1328 AD

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Chapter 13: Middle Ages 432-1328 AD

World History

Mr. H


France was led by several kings such as Clovis, Charles the Hammer, and Pepin the Short

The most famous king was Charlemagne.

The Franks


Charlemagne wanted to build a “new Rome” in western Europe.

His empire was divided into regions

After his death, Louis the Pious, could not keep the empire together.

Charlemagne 768-814 AD


Europe was constantly invaded by the Vikings and Magyars.

The Magyars were Hungarians who raided towns.

Vikings were a Germanic tribe from Scandinavia who pillaged and captured slaves.

Invasions


Fief- a plot of land that is given to a vassal.

Primogeniture- the oldest son gets the land.

Medieval Feudalism


A lord would own a manor and surrounding land.

Peasant families would live and work on the land.

Serfs could not leave the land without permission.

Manorial System


King or Queen

Clergy or Nobles

Knights

Peasants or Serfs

Similar to Japanese Feudalism???

Feudal System


Knights would be hired to protect mannors and regions.

Young pages would learn Knightly behavior, and Squires would be a personal assistant.

Knights lived through the code of Chivalry.

Good Knight


The Pope and his Cardinals led the Church.

Heretics- “unbelievers”

Simony- Buying official church positions.

The Church


England was separated into Shires ruled by sheriffs.

William the Conqueror (1066-1087) brought French feudalism to England

England


In 1215, King John accepted the Magna Carta which outlined rights for ordinary people in England.

It became the supreme law in England

Magna Carta


Attempts were made to unify both Italy and Germany, but they remained as separated states.

Italy and Germany


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