Chapter 13: Middle Ages 432-1328 AD World History Mr. H France was led by several kings such as Clovis, Charles the Hammer, and Pepin the Short The most famous king was Charlemagne. The Franks Charlemagne wanted to build a “new Rome” in western Europe. His empire was divided into regions
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Chapter 13: Middle Ages 432-1328 AD
France was led by several kings such as Clovis, Charles the Hammer, and Pepin the Short
The most famous king was Charlemagne.
Charlemagne wanted to build a “new Rome” in western Europe.
His empire was divided into regions
After his death, Louis the Pious, could not keep the empire together.
Europe was constantly invaded by the Vikings and Magyars.
The Magyars were Hungarians who raided towns.
Vikings were a Germanic tribe from Scandinavia who pillaged and captured slaves.
Fief- a plot of land that is given to a vassal.
Primogeniture- the oldest son gets the land.
A lord would own a manor and surrounding land.
Peasant families would live and work on the land.
Serfs could not leave the land without permission.
King or Queen
Clergy or Nobles
Peasants or Serfs
Similar to Japanese Feudalism???
Knights would be hired to protect mannors and regions.
Young pages would learn Knightly behavior, and Squires would be a personal assistant.
Knights lived through the code of Chivalry.
The Pope and his Cardinals led the Church.
Simony- Buying official church positions.
England was separated into Shires ruled by sheriffs.
William the Conqueror (1066-1087) brought French feudalism to England
In 1215, King John accepted the Magna Carta which outlined rights for ordinary people in England.
It became the supreme law in England
Attempts were made to unify both Italy and Germany, but they remained as separated states.