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Alternatives in education: the role of information supply. Jan van der Valk eurca / NCA ([email protected]). Attitude. The successful implementation of the Three Rs heavily depends upon the education and training of those persons involved in research and testing.

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jan van der valk eurca nca j b f vandervalk@vet uu nl

Alternatives in education:

the role of information supply

Jan van der Valkeurca / NCA

([email protected])

attitude
Attitude

The successful implementation of the Three Rs heavily depends upon the education and training of those persons involved in research and testing.

The Three Rs: The Way Forward

The Report and Recommendations ofECVAM Workshop 11

ATLA23, 838-866.

motives to develop and use three rs models in education
Motives to develop and use Three Rs models in education
  • Didactics – pedagogical
  • Economics
  • Law - regulations
  • Ethics – attitude (education)
attitude directed by
Attitude directed by:
  • Intrinsic value
  • Respect for animals
  • 3Rs –

Replacement

Reduction

Refinement

attitude building
Attitude building
  • Course on laboratory science
  • Ethical introduction to animal labs
  • Use of alternatives, where possible
article 25
Article 25
  • Procedures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be restricted to thoseabsolutely necessaryfor the purpose of the education or training concerned and be permitted only if their objectivecannot be achieved by comparably effective audio-visual or any other suitable methods.
  • EUROPEAN CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF VERTEBRATE ANIMALS USED FOR EXPERIMENTAL AND OTHER SCIENTIFIC PURPOSES
slide7

Source of alternatives - 1

  • other teachers;
  • from students who choose not to participate in animal experiments, and who find their own alternative exercises;
  • by developing alternatives themselves, either alone or with others within their institutions;
  • through conferences and trade fairs;
slide8

Source of alternatives - 2

  • through educational material marketing resources;
  • from outreach tours e.g., InterNICHE, EURCA, and publications;
  • through loan programs from various institutions and organisations (InterNICHE);
  • from databases, e.g., NORINA, AVAR, EURCA.
slide9

NORINA

http://www.norinadatabase.org

Matches Found:38

2 Terms: dissection, frog

AVAR\'s Alternatives in Education Database

http://www.avar.org/

Matches Found:169

2 Terms: dissection, frog

norina information
NORINA information

Acupuncture Points of the Equine, Part IRecord number: 5550Category: MedicineType: DVD and Video FilmDescription: The author of this videofilm …….Comments & References:  Item number 273.   Running time, Part I: 30 minutes. English language. Available in ………Price: Library in Oslo: Free of charge; Redwing:Part I & II: US$25.00;

Version: 1999Author: Judith M. ShoemakerSuppliers: Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, The Library

avar information
AVAR information

Title: Alternatives to Dissection Packet

Medium: information

Discipline: anatomy, dissection

Species: amphibian, bird, cat, dog, frog, mink, mouse, Educational level: high school (secondary school),

Cost (US default):

Source: National Association for Humane and …..

Catalog:

URL: http://www.nahee.org/publications.htm

Notes:

Illustration:

Updated: 3/15/2000

workshop conclusion 7
Workshop conclusion 7
  • Factors contributing to limited use of alternatives:
  • lack of evaluated alternatives
  • lack of interest from teachers
  • resistance to change
  • lack of multiple-language versions
  • lack of information
slide14

Workshop recomm. 8

Databases should contain more comprehensive information:

  • - contact details
  • - target audience
  • -independent evaluation of the material
  • - description
  • - advice on use
  • - availability
slide15

eurca

european resource centre foralternatives in higher education

eur ca
eurca

Project managers

Dr. David DewhurstDirector of Learning Technology – Univ. of Edinburgh

Dr. Jan van der ValkNCA – Fac. Vet. Med. – Utrecht Univ.

slide17

eurca

Aim:

Establishing a collection of alternatives and making these available to teachers (and students)

eur ca nl
eurcanl

A collection of alternative methods is established.

Collect, describe, categorise and demonstrate alternatives

slide19

eurcanl

  • Collecting alternatives
  • Collecting descriptions
  • Collecting reviews
  • Collecting comments on models (lecturers, students)
  • Demonstrating models
eur ca nl and uk
eurcaNl and UK
  • Taking the resource centre to relevant scientific meetings where it would function as a drop-in advice centre for teachers.
eur ca uk
eurcaUK

Maintaining an Internet website with:

  • an expanded information database on alternatives,
  • demonstration versions of alternatives,
  • evaluations,
  • links to users.

http://www.eurca.org

eur ca22
eurca

Anaesthesia – 9

Anatomy – 11

Animal behaviour – 7

Biochemistry – 5

Dissection – 10

Experim. design – 2

Laboratory An. Sc.- 16

Pharmacology – 26

Physiology – 24

Surgery - 9

eurca information
eurca information
  • Resource Type:
  • Language: Description:
  • Target Group:
  • List of Contents:
  • Learning Objectives:
  • Replaces Animal Experiment:
  • Notes on teaching use:
  • Preparation Time:
  • Demo Available:
  • Further Information:
  • Norina Reference: InterNICHE Loan Item:
  • Listed In Alternatives databases:
  • Purchasing Info: Supplier: Price: Full ordering information
review
Review
  • Summary
  • Comparison to wetlab
  • Practical use
  • Contribution to 3Rs
  • Applicability
  • Visual appearance
  • Provider service
slide25

Who are going to use EURCA?

  • Teachers
  • Students
  • Animal Ethics Committees
slide26

InterNICHE (www.interniche.org)

Book description 400 modelsOutreach toursLoan system

AVAR and NORINA

Large number of models in searchable database (4000 and 5000)

slide27

eurca

  • Collection of alternatives
  • Outreach tours
  • Limited number of alternatives in database, but with extended information
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