Are societal coalitions a prerequisite to promote redistribution in latin america
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Are societal coalitions a prerequisite to promote redistribution in Latin America?. Variations across welfare regimes: Chile, Costa Rica & El Salvador Juliana Martínez Franzoni & Koen Voorend. Question # 1. Is social policy contributing to redistribution?

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Are societal coalitions a prerequisite to promote redistribution in Latin America?

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Are societal coalitions a prerequisite to promote redistribution in Latin America?

Variations across welfare regimes:

Chile, Costa Rica &

El Salvador

Juliana Martínez Franzoni

& Koen Voorend


Question # 1

Is social policy contributing to redistribution?

Under qualitatively different constellations of labor markets, social policy and families


US$2000

Three worlds of Latin American welfare

18%

High national commodification with medium income

High national commodification of the labor force with high income

High decommodification and not labor tax dependent

High decommodification and dependent on national budget

High transnational commodification of the labor force with low income

Low decommodification and donor/lender dependent

US$ 200

-3%

El Salvador

Chile

CostaRica

US$4000

US$ 900

Strong traditional sexual division of labor

Strong traditional division sexual of labor

Weak traditional division of labor

30%

40%

US$6000

US$ 900

-1%

50%


Primary Income Distribution

Not so differently!


Effects of Social Policy

on Distribution

10, 9 and 36 infantmortality per 1000

childrenbornalive


Question # 2

What has been the role of societal coalitions in promoting redistribution?


Europe and North America

  • To counterbalance elites, progressive parties created distributional coalitions with an extensive array of actors (Korpi and Palmer)

  • Coalitions were contingent on welfare regimes, yet they all involved powerful social actors (Esping Andersen)

  • Virtuous circle: The more universal the policies, the stronger the coalitions and the more universal the policies


What happens in Latin America?

  • Two decades of privatization; decentralization and targeting

  • Retrenchment of social policies for the middle-class and growing social assistance to the poor

  • They did reach the poor through basic services

    With a pro-poor and minimalist view of redistribution… are there any chances for strong societal distributional coalitions?


Variations across welfare regimes: Redistribution 1990-onwards?


Societal distributional coalitions


Looking back

  • Redistribution has been driven by technocratic elites

  • The nature and scope of redistribution has depended on their ideology (considering departing points)

  • We need to fine-tune the role and nature of needed distributional coalitions


Looking forward

  • Further redistribution involves different challenges across countries / WR:

  • Chile: Can societal coalitions tap into policy formation?

  • Costa Rica: Can elites and societal coalitions build alliances?

  • El Salvador: Can a progressive elite coalition work along societal coalitions?


In short

  • The “problem” is not, in and of itself, technocracy

  • But technocracy´s ideology regarding:

    • Substantive matters (paradigm)

    • Policy formation

  • Thus, the alliances btw (progressive) gvts and collective actors

  • Real challenge: how to promote “good” technocracies?!!


Are societal coalitions a prerequisite to promote redistribution in Latin America?

Variations across welfare regimes:

Chile, Costa Rica &

El Salvador

Juliana Martínez Franzoni

& Koen Voorend


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