slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
A POST CARBON GUIDE Relocalize Now! Getting Ready for Climate Change and the End of Cheap Oil Chapter 8 Community Supported Manufacturing

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 75

A POST CARBON GUIDE Relocalize - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 246 Views
  • Uploaded on

A POST CARBON GUIDE Relocalize Now! Getting Ready for Climate Change and the End of Cheap Oil by Julian Darley, David Room, and Celine Rich New Society Publishers, Autumn 2005.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A POST CARBON GUIDE Relocalize' - Gideon


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2

A POST CARBON GUIDERelocalize Now!Getting Ready for Climate Change and the End of Cheap Oilby Julian Darley, David Room, and Celine Rich New Society Publishers, Autumn 2005

slide3

A POST CARBON GUIDERelocalize Now!Getting Ready for Climate Change and the End of Cheap OilChapter 8Community Supported Manufacturing

relocalizing5
Relocalizing
  • means a return to community self-reliance instead of corporate compliance and dependence;
relocalizing6
Relocalizing
  • means a return to community self-reliance instead of corporate compliance and dependence;
  • has villages, towns, cities, counties, and regions see their purpose as provisioning themselves with their core needs for durable goods and food—
relocalizing7
Relocalizing
  • means a return to community self-reliance instead of corporate compliance and dependence;
  • has villages, towns, cities, counties, and regions see their purpose as provisioning themselves with their core needs for durable goods and food—
  • and only then looking further afield for what cannot easily be produced locally.
barriers to relocalizing9
Barriers to relocalizing
  • Loss of knowledge
  • Loss of infrastructure
  • Loss of tools
barriers to relocalizing10
Barriers to relocalizing
  • Loss of knowledge
  • Loss of infrastructure
  • Loss of tools
  • in food production, as farming became the occupation of a minority;
barriers to relocalizing11
Barriers to relocalizing
  • Loss of knowledge
  • Loss of infrastructure
  • Loss of tools
  • in food production, as farming became the occupation of a minority;
  • in manufacturingcapability, as globalization of production created specialized centers of manufacturing.
parallel public infrastructure13
Parallel public infrastructure
  • Will come about in the effort to nearly totally remake the present infrastructure;
parallel public infrastructure14
Parallel public infrastructure
  • Will come about in the effort to nearly totally remake the present infrastructure;
  • Will be a system to help integratethe many disparate efforts that are now starting to bridge the transition, the “carbon chasm;”
parallel public infrastructure15
Parallel public infrastructure
  • Will come about in the effort to nearly totally remake the present infrastructure;
  • Will be a system to help integratethe many disparate efforts that are now starting to bridge the transition, the “carbon chasm;”
  • Will require training, analysis, knowledge, energy, and local currency;
parallel public infrastructure16
Parallel public infrastructure
  • Will also require the active and prolonged financial support of the community, as in community supported agriculture (CSA);
parallel public infrastructure17
Parallel public infrastructure
  • Will also require the active and prolonged financial support of the community, as in community supported agriculture (CSA);
  • Will encompass a mixture of ownership structures
parallel public infrastructure18
Parallel public infrastructure
  • Will also require the active and prolonged financial support of the community, as in community supported agriculture (CSA);
  • Will encompass a mixture of ownership structures
      • from municipal ownership and operation
      • through cooperatives and mutual aid organizations
      • to family businesses and other smaller, locally owned firms.
transition compromise20
Transition = Compromise
  • The transitions to a post-carbon world and low-impact human society will require compromise.
transition compromise21
Transition = Compromise
  • The transitions to a post-carbon world and low-impact human society will require compromise
  • We don’t know how short nor how abrupt the transition, the “carbon chasm,” will be.
transition compromise22
Transition = Compromise
  • The transitions to a post-carbon world and low-impact human society will require compromise
  • We don’t know how short nor how abrupt the transition, the “carbon chasm,” will be.
  • We shall assume a middle path regarding the transition — that it is painful but possible to “get off” big energy, particularly fossil fuels.
transition compromise23
Transition = Compromise
  • We hope to avoid the most painful transition by thinking, planning, action.
transition compromise24
Transition = Compromise
  • We hope to avoid the most painful transition by thinking, planning, action.
  • Since we are so over-populated and so dependent on external energy, we cannot humanely just stop using all external energy —
transition compromise25
Transition = Compromise
  • We hope to avoid the most painful transition by thinking, planning, action.
  • Since we are so over-populated and so dependent on external energy, we cannot humanely just stop using all external energynor quickly reduce the amount of food that we are producing.
transition compromise26
Transition = Compromise
  • We hope to avoid the most painful transition by thinking, planning, action.
  • Since we are so over-populated and so dependent on external energy, we cannot humanely just stop using all external energy nor quickly reduce the amount of food that we are producing.
  • We have to work out transition strategies that take clear account of our present position and population.
transition compromise27
Transition = Compromise
  • We’ll need to continue some small-to-medium-scale mechanized production—
transition compromise28
Transition = Compromise
  • We’ll need to continue some small-to-medium-scale mechanized production—
  • developing local manufacturing to produce and repair some of the necessities of life.
transition compromise29
Transition = Compromise
  • We’ll need to continue some small-to-medium-scale mechanized production,
  • developing local manufacturing to produce and repair some of the necessities of life.
  • Relocalized manufacturing is then, from the outset, a compromise.
transition compromise30
Transition = Compromise
  • We’ll need to continue some small-to-medium-scale mechanized production,
  • developing local manufacturing to produce and repair some of the necessities of life.
  • Relocalized manufacturing is then, from the outset, a compromise.
  • Medium-scale mechanical production will be needed until our population is at the earth’s carrying capacity.
transition compromise31
Transition = Compromise
  • A practical transition strategy means community supported manufacturing,CSM, along with relocalized food production.
transition compromise32
Transition = Compromise
  • A practical transition strategy means community supported manufacturing, CSM, along with relocalized food production.
  • Relocalizing production means a reversal of decades of global economic policy and the rebuildingof regional supply lines.
transition compromise33
Transition = Compromise
  • A practical transition strategy means community supported manufacturing, CSM, along with relocalized food production.
  • Relocalizing production means a reversal of decades of global economic policy and the rebuildingof regional supply lines.
  • The details will be developed over time as we return to local self-reliance.
slide35

Community-supported manufacturing,CSM,will involve thinking about energy from start to finish, both practically and theoretically.

what should community supported manufacturing concentrate on making
What should Community Supported Manufacturing concentrate on making?
  • We need to make what is necessary for our daily needs.
what should community supported manufacturing concentrate on making37
What should Community Supported Manufacturing concentrate on making?
  • We need to make what is necessary for our daily needs.
  • To identify what is necessary, imagine that your town is cut off for a week from outside communication, from outside energy . . . . .
the csm essentials
The CSM essentials
  • Machines which harvest energy to make electricity;
the csm essentials39
The CSM essentials
  • Machines which harvest energy to make electricity;
  • Machines which store the harvested energy;
the csm essentials40
The CSM essentials
  • Machines which harvest energy to make electricity;
  • Machines which store the harvested energy;
  • Devices which warm water using direct solar rays;
the csm essentials41
The CSM essentials
  • Machines which harvest energy to make electricity;
  • Machines which store the harvested energy;
  • Devices which warm water using direct solar rays;
  • Ways to pipe and store water;
the csm essentials42
The CSM essentials
  • Machines which harvest energy to make electricity;
  • Machines which store the harvested energy;
  • Devices which warm water using direct solar rays;
  • Ways to pipe and store water;
  • Small, light electric vehicles;
the csm essentials43
The CSM essentials
  • Machines which harvest energy to make electricity;
  • Machines which store the harvested energy;
  • Devices which warm water using direct solar rays;
  • Ways to pipe and store water;
  • Small, light electric vehicles;
  • Tools for growing our own food and for other obvious local specialties that require tools.
slide44

The CSM workshops

  • Fabrication: making the things that last
  • Fire: high-temperature operations
  • Fibre: fabric, clothing, rope, paper
  • Food
  • Fuels and chemical reactions
  • Fixing: repairing and maintaining
the fabrication workshops making the things that last
The Fabrication Workshops: making the things that last
  • are where finished, durable goods will be designed, refined, machined, made, assembled and tested;
  • will need to start small and be carefully planned;
  • will be a source of apprenticeships and employment.
the fabrication workshops making the things that last46
The Fabrication Workshops: making the things that last
  • will make devices for energy harvesting, including
    • small turbines for water or wind;
    • solar PV devices—although due to the complexity of manufacture, these devices won’t be among the first attempted.
  • will design energy storage, including
    • mill ponds;
    • batteries.
the fabrication workshops making the things that last47
The Fabrication Workshops: making the things that last
  • will make devices for transport, including
    • small, light electric vehicles, which can be charged from our local energy harvesting devices, which do not depend on the main grid, and which use batteries;
    • metal-rail electric trams, which use electricity efficiently, and do not need batteries.
the fabrication workshops making the things that last48
The Fabrication Workshops: making the things that last
  • Will make vital tools, including
    • small, mundane tools and furniture of wood and metal for daily use
    • devices to measure wind and rain
    • solar water heaters
    • solar ovens
    • equipment for producing biofuels, including biogas digesters
    • ground-source heat pumps for space heating
the fabrication workshops making the things that last49
The Fabrication Workshops: making the things that last
  • Will provide the energy units for local energy banks which in turn will serve to back local currencies.
the fire workshops high temperature operations
The Fire Workshops: high-temperature operations
  • match the right level of technology to the needs of a given a locale,
  • including use of used, slightly older, slightly simpler equipment.
the fire workshops high temperature operations51
The Fire Workshops: high-temperature operations
  • Difficulties include
    • the great amounts of energy required by large, high temperature processes;
    • the issue of storage as related to controllability and metering;
    • reclaimed input materials’toxicity;
    • process problems: toxic waste, noise, which in turn lead to siting problems.
the fire workshops high temperature operations52
The Fire Workshops: high-temperature operations
  • Fire workshop projects include
    • Metal-working;
    • Foundries and metal-forging;
    • Pottery, fired in high-heat kilns;
    • Glass, also fired in high heat;
    • Solar PV, requiring high temps as well as high degrees of expertise (which will not make this the first area that CSM Fire workshops tackle).
the fibre workshops fabric clothing rope paper
The Fibre Workshops: fabric, clothing, rope, paper
  • At present, most industrialized countries have neither the raw materials nor the skills to make their own clothes or shoes.
  • Fibre workshops will have to use production machines for fibre, sewing machines, devices for rope twisting.
  • Paper manufacture is a huge consideration.
the food workshops
The Food Workshops
  • Growing food locally for local consumption;
  • Storing by canning, preserving, pickling, drying;
  • Locating food storage of grains and other carbohydrate crops in medium-sized dry storage spaces and granaries;
  • Medicinal herbs;
  • Soap making.
the fuels and chemical reactions workshops
The Fuels and Chemical Reactions Workshops
  • How many of the chemicals and materials we really need will be a process of discovery.
  • The details of what should be done will vary from place to place and with different conditions.
  • For transport, storage, and processing, some chemical engineering will be required.
the fuels and chemical reactions workshops56
The Fuels and Chemical Reactions Workshops
  • We shall need to discover what is the smallest size that makes practical sense for the production of such things as •salt •caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) •baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) •soda ash (sodium carbonate) •several other basic reagents which are used in everything from pulp and paper, to textiles, soap and detergents.
the fuels and chemical reactions workshops57
The Fuels and Chemical Reactions Workshops
  • Some of the many chemicals involved:
    • biofuels, which all require some processing with the possible exception of straight vegetable oil;
    • biogas, which is burned at the production site;
    • soap and medicines;
    • chemicals for processing of metals;
    • glues, paints, solvents.
the fuels and chemical reactions workshops58
The Fuels and Chemical Reactions Workshops
  • Biofuels can be produced renewably, but quantities will be limited. Liquid fuels will be priority items, in demand during the transition to a post-carbon world.
  • And what about plastics? There may be a place for a small amount of biomass-fed plastics manufacture in CSM, but much care will need to be paid to the toxicity of the processes and the product.
the fixing workshops repairing and maintaining
The Fixing Workshops: repairing and maintaining
  • The post-carbon world will not have a “throw-away culture.”
  • In its place, there will be a lot less stuff, and a lot more fixing, repairing and maintaining.
the fixing workshops repairing and maintaining60
The Fixing Workshops: repairing and maintaining
  • To remove the barriers to establishing Fixing workshops we need
    • a wholesale change in mainstream education and training;
    • ways to maintain and repair devices with embeddedcomputers;
    • plans and designs of devices available to the workshops;
    • very strong communitysupport to outweigh the present economic situation in which it is much more expensive to repair devices than to buy them new.
csm in practice62
CSM in practice
  • CSM is in the early stages.
  • CSM implies some staggering changes.
csm in practice63
CSM in practice
  • CSM is in the early stages.
  • CSM implies some staggering changes.
  • Staggering changes are coming anyway, and unless we confront and to try to retrofit our pathological provisioning system, we shall find our goose is well and truly cooked, whether vegetarian or not!
csm in practice64
CSM in practice
  • The global market in all its ruthless, monopolistic and mindless ways prevents local efforts from being successful.
csm in practice65
CSM in practice
  • The global market in all its ruthless, monopolistic and mindless ways prevents local efforts from being successful. The CSM concept exists to counter global market forces.
csm in practice66
CSM in practice
  • The global market in all its ruthless, monopolistic and mindless ways prevents local efforts from being successful. The CSM concept exists to counter global market forces.
  • Starting CSM will probably not be easy anywhere in the industrialized world, except perhaps in Amish communities, which are more or less doing it anyway.
csm in practice67
CSM in practice
  • Nevertheless, manufacturing needs to be relocalized.
csm in practice68
CSM in practice
  • Nevertheless, manufacturing needs to be relocalized.
    • Yes, it will need exceptional help from the community,
    • and will need a local currency system and a community banking system.
csm in practice69
CSM in practice
  • Nevertheless, manufacturing needs to be relocalized.
    • Yes, it will need exceptional help from the community,
    • and will need a local currency system and a community banking system.
  • To help with all aspects of the post-carbon transition, we have created the relocalization network.See <relocalize.net>.
csm in practice70
CSM in practice
  • Production is the way that the global corporations make and take so much wealth, which local government and communities struggle to get a tiny share of.
csm in practice71
CSM in practice
  • Production is the way that the global corporations make and take so much wealth, which local government and communities struggle to get a tiny share of.
  • But it was our money in the first place!
csm in practice72
CSM in practice
  • Production is the way that the global corporations make and take so much wealth, which local government and communities struggle to get a tiny share of.
  • But it was our money in the first place!
  • Why should we keep giving it to unelected, undemocratic, unaccountable, ruthless global corporations who owe no allegiance to any living thing, besides the tiny group of billionaires at the top?
csm in practice73
CSM in practice
  • We can and must take back the means of production—
csm in practice74
CSM in practice
  • We can and must take back the means of production—or those who predict a return to the Middle Ages or one of the Stone Ages, will surely be proven right.
ad