The transformation of Spanish doctoral programmes as a consequence of the EHEA:
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The transformation of Spanish doctoral programmes as a consequence of the EHEA: Difficulties and challenges at the UAB Prof. Carlos Jaime Vice-rector for postgraduate studies Degrees: 77 Bachellors + 101 Masters Medium-large size (2nd largest in Catalonia)

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The transformation of Spanish doctoral programmes as a consequence of the EHEA: Difficulties and challengesat the UAB

Prof. Carlos Jaime

Vice-rector for postgraduate studies


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Degrees: 77 Bachellors + 101 Masters consequence of the EHEA:

Medium-large size (2nd largest in Catalonia)

Maybe the 1st in postgraduate students.

Some numbers:

32.000 undergraduate students 

13.000 postgraduate students

2.500 doctoral students

2.000 foreign students (not Erasmus)

225 masters

90 Doctorates

375 Thesis/year

3.100 professors & researchers

1.900 administration staff

General information about UAB


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The Postgraduate School is the connection between consequence of the EHEA:

the university and the outer institutions

The Postgraduate School coordinates, manages and impulses all the postgraduate studies at UAB.

Located in the ancient “Masía de can

Miró”, was thought as the link between

the university and the outer

institutions gathering both the academic postgrades (like doctorate) and the

professionalizing postgrades (masters

and diplomas)


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Where we were? consequence of the EHEA:(and where many of our universities still are)The pre-EHEA Spain (until 2005)


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The pre-EHEA Spain (before 2005) consequence of the EHEA:Global view

  • Spain is different!

  • Europe recognizes Universities……

  • Spain has a given list of state diplomas.

  • Two levels of state diplomas:

  • “Licenciado” (bachelor) and “Doctor”.

  • Spanish regulation allows other diplomas……

  • with names different enough as not to create confusion (masters)


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Details on the pre-EHEA #1/2 consequence of the EHEA:

State diplomas

  • “Licenciado”: usually 5 years

  • (4 in Catalonia)

  • “Doctor”: organized in Doctoral programs

  • Doctoral program: 3 periods 1- courses > 200 h

  • 2- research work, 1 year 3- thesis, 3-4 years


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Details on the pre-EHEA #2/2 consequence of the EHEA:

University diplomas

  • Universities created their own Master degrees, as well as others (Expert, “Diploma de postgrado” -shorter- or others)

  • Master: usually professionally oriented and compete with doctoral programs. Length and requirements should be thus similar, but…. differences exist, they are much longer.

  • Expert: Definitely professionally oriented. Much shorter than the Master degree.


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The pre-EHEA Spain in images consequence of the EHEA:

Doctoral programme

Courses

200 h

Licenciado: 4-5 years

1 year

Thesis

Research

Univ. Masters


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Where we are? consequence of the EHEA:(and where all the Spanish universities are expected to be, sooner or later)The post-EHEA Spain (from 2005)


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Details on the post-EHEA consequence of the EHEA:

Global view

  • Three levels of official diplomas: “Grado”, “Máster Universitario” and “Doctor”.

  • Spanish law also allows other diplomas with names different enough as not to create confusion.

  • Spain is still different! The “Grado” is 4 years (in most European countries is 3 years).


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Details on the post-EHEA #1/2 consequence of the EHEA:

State diplomas

  • “Grado”: 4 years

  • “Máster Universitario”: 1 or 2 years

  • “Doctor”: very flexible

  • No given list of state diplomas, neither for “Grado” nor for “Master Universitario” (universities will become different!)


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Details on the post-EHEA #2/2 consequence of the EHEA:

University diplomas

  • Universities continue with their own Diplomas: Master, Expert, “Diploma de postgrado” and others)

  • Problem! Spanish law forbids the use of university diplomas to enter into Doctor level

  • Problem: Lifelong learning, “in and out” from academia.


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The post-EHEA Spain in images consequence of the EHEA:

Doctoral programme

Master

60-120

ECTS

Grado: 4 years

Thesis

Univ. Masters


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How is the Doctorate consequence of the EHEA:in the post-EHEA Spain (from 2005)?


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Details on the post-EHEA doctorate consequence of the EHEA:

  • The Ministry joins Master and Doctor levels and creates a unique set called “Doctoral program”.

  • Two periods: formation and research.

  • Formation: usually Master but it can be any 60 ECTS credits from official masters.

  • Research: thesis development, no fixed length, almost no regulation.



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The “new doctorate” in the UAB #1/3 consequence of the EHEA:

We have settled:

  • Number of positions per doctorate

  • Pre-enrolment at the UAB level (Graduate School)

  • Centralized control of diplomas

  • Selection procedures

  • Maximum 5 students/supervisor

  • Formation complements (< 30 credits)


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The “new doctorate” in the UAB #2/3 consequence of the EHEA:

We have settled:

  • Configured around research lines

  • A board (+ coordinator) manages the doctorate

  • Yearly follow up (at least oral presentation)

  • Length limited to 3-4 years

  • Part-time students: 6 years

  • Board can extend one more period

  • UAB can allow one third period

  • Rights and duties for students and supervisors


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The “new doctorate” in the UAB #3/3 consequence of the EHEA:

We have settled:

  • Supervisor: accredited research experience.

  • Co-tutelle: minimum of 9 months at UAB.

  • (agreement signed within the first year)

  • Thesis as set of papers (minimum 2 papers).

  • Examination board: 3 members from 3 different institutions (maximum one from UAB).

  • If “failed”, must apply again to be admitted.

  • Board members with research experience.


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The key stone of the “new doctorate” consequence of the EHEA:

The board:

  • Responsible for the admittance of new students.

  • Accepts the thesis proposal.

  • Responsible for the yearly follow up.

  • Should solve any non regulated affair.

  • Proposes the members for the defence board, with the approval of the department.


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The new vision consequence of the EHEA:of supervision


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The supervision: new vision consequence of the EHEA:

  • Traditional supervision: one-to-one (tête a tête) relationship between supervisor-supervised

  • New vision: reduce as much as possible the one-to-one relationship

  • The supervision is controlled by a team of “experts” (board), that controls both students and supervisors. Composition? Variable.

  • Yearly follow-up.

  • All the procedure is centred into the board.


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One example: sociology consequence of the EHEA:

  • Only one board

  • Objectives of the board: to evaluate and to facilitate the contact between the students.

  • Both students and supervisor must present a yearly report.

  • Reports will be defended publicly in seminars, once a year.

  • Reports + public defence = final evaluation.

  • If negative evaluation = out!


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Another example: chemistry consequence of the EHEA:

  • A total of 4 boards (25 new students per year).

  • Both students and supervisor must present a yearly report.

  • Reports will be defended publicly in seminars for as much as 10’ and the discussion may last not more than 10’.

  • The committees will act two times a year.

  • Reports + public defence = evaluation.

  • Negative evaluation = out!



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The Postgraduate school “reasonably well”?

Manages and controls all the doctoral

studies at UAB

(both academically and administratively)



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The new vision #1/3 “reasonably well”?

Results from Network 1

  • Doctoral students are not only trained for research but also by research (subtle but important change).

  • Essential skills for a more competitive and dynamic knowledge-based European economy.


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The new vision #2/3 “reasonably well”?

  • New Doctoral programmes must have educational objectives, while previous programmes have only (or mainly) research objectives.

  • Definition of what being a Doctor means is needed.

  • A relative disconnection between research and Ph.D. thesis emerges (difficult to admit for traditional university professors).


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The new vision #3/3 “reasonably well”?

  • This brings about the concept of:

  • A Ph.D. thesis is finished when the educational objectives have been achieved, not when the research project has been finished.

  • Time, very long time, will be needed for accepting the new situation.

  • Students accept rather well this new vision.

  • Professors are more reluctant to this change.



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The challenges “reasonably well”?

The future

  • Contract students/supervisor/UAB

  • Unit for Formation and Employment of fresh doctors:

  • - Formation in transferable skills useful for

  • the “external world”

  • - Gathering of information on fellowships,

  • job opportunities, etc.

  • Program for the Supervisor professional development


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Thank you very much for your attention “reasonably well”?

Vicerectorat d’estudis de postgrau

Edifici U. 08913 Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès)

Tel (+34) 93 581 2997

Fax (+34) 93 581 2000

Web: www.uab.es/postgrau

Mail: [email protected]


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