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UNION INTERNATIONALE DE PENTATHLON MODERNE Combined Event Brief History The first attempt to introduce the Combined Event was during the 1987 UIPM Congress in Moulins (FRA). The idea was from Willy Grut, Modern Pentathlon Olympic Champion in London 1948, and former UIPM General Secretary

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UNIONINTERNATIONALE DE PENTATHLON MODERNE

Combined Event


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Brief History

  • The first attempt to introduce the Combined Event was during the 1987 UIPM Congress in Moulins (FRA).

  • The idea was from Willy Grut, Modern Pentathlon Olympic Champion in London 1948, and former UIPM General Secretary

  • Asia has organised annually Combined Event competitions since the last ten years and the Asian Games has been organised with this format

  • In Europe, the Combined Event format started in 2007 and with it, the important steps to create applicable and valid Combined Event Rules for the future


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Combined Event Competitions in 2007

Vilnius - European Youth A Championships - 14 July

First Official Competition in Europe


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Rules of the First Official Test

On 14 July 2007 at the European Youth A Championships in Vilnius, the first test of the Combined Event format took place using the following rules:

  • Handicap start on the shooting lines

  • 10 shots, 1000m run; 5 shots, 1000m run; 5 shots 1000m run

  • Shooting on a biathlon target, on the 7-zone (59.5 mm)

  • In case of a missed shot, the athlete paid a penalty lap

  • The penalty loop was 70 meters

    The test was positive

    The athletes were happy and the spectators enjoyed the event

    BUT:

  • This format needs a judge for each athlete

  • The penalty laps can create confusion


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For the aforementioned reasons, the second test was organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

Rules of the Second Official Test

The 2nd Combined Event test took place in Pretoria, on the occasion of the World Youth A Championships, 31 August

  • Combined event without penalty laps:

  • Easy to organise

  • Easy to follow

  • Less judges needed


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Combined Event Competitions in 2008 organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

  • 2007 UIPM Congress approved testing the Combined Event during 2008 using different rules

  • Thanks to help from the Organisers of the World Cups, NORCECA and European Championships and World Youth Championships it will be possible during 2008 to organise more than 20 Combined Event test competitions

  • The next slides show the tests completed so far this year and the different rules that were applied

    ………and the future tests


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2008 Combined Event Tests organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

By the end of 2008, the Combined Event format will have been tested in more than 20 competitions:

  • in Individual competitions

  • in Relay competitions, including mixed relay (one man-one woman)

  • with different age groups

  • with both genders

  • with and without penalty laps

  • with limited and unlimited numbers of shots

  • with different number of shots in each series

  • with different running lap distances

  • with different time limits for each shooting series

As at 22/04/2008, 165 athletes representing 37 different nations from all six continents have participated in Combined Event test competitions.


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Rules for the 2008 Test Events organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

On the basis of the previous tests and with the aim to simplify as much possible the Combined Event rules and the system to organise the competitions, the UIPM Technical Committee identified these Milestones:

  • Competitions without penalty laps are easier to organise and to follow

  • Shooting an equal number of targets in each series is simpler to understand

  • Shooting an unlimited number of shots allows the spectators to understand better the competition (the athlete cannot move from the shooting line till he/she has hit all five targets)

  • So that the athlete does not spend too long at the shooting line trying to hit all 5 targets, it is necessary to apply a time limit (the competition is closer and more interesting)

The Milestones for the new rules


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The Milestones cont. organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

  • Studying the balance between the old and new shooting systems, it was decided 3 series of 5 targets in a time limit of 1’30” was optimal

  • After the time limit has expired the athlete can start the running leg

  • The distance of each running leg must be the same (easier to organise and understand)

  • To avoid confusion between the first athletes and last athletes on the running course:

  • Athletes with a handicap after the previous 3 events of more than 3 minutes will start in a pack start (but their final time will be recalculated based on their real handicap)

  • If an athlete is lapped, the athlete is eliminated and will be classified in last position


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The Milestones cont. organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

  • The point tables for Senior, Junior, Youth A and Youth B, Men and Women, will be the same

  • The distance and format of Individual and Relay competitions will be nearly the same (easier also for training)

    • Individual 3x5 targets; 3x1000m run

    • Relay 2x5 targets; 2x1000m Run (for each athlete)

  • It will also be possible to split the final into two series to avoid confusion of too many athletes on the course and to simplify the event organisation

  • In this case, warming up of the second series must be arranged in a separate area


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COMBINED EVENT - organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.Model

INDIVIDUAL

Handicap Start;

20 metres run;

5 Targets down (1’30”);

1000m run;

5 Targets down (1’30”);

1000m run;

5 Targets down (1’30”);

1000m run;

Finish.

  • RELAY

  • Handicap Start;

  • 20 metres run;

  • 5 Targets down (1’30”);

  • 1000m run;

  • 5 Targets down (1’30”);

  • 1000m run;

  • TRANSITION;

  • (on the start/finish area)

  • 2nd athlete

  • TRANSITION;

  • 3rd athlete

  • Finish.

SAME 1000m COURSE


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COMBINED EVENT - Scoring organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

INDIVIDUAL

MEN & WOMEN

Senior, Junior, Youth A and Youth B

13’00” = 2000 points, ± 4 points/second

21’ 20” = 0 pts

RELAY

MEN & WOMEN

Senior, Junior, Youth A and Youth B

26’00” = 2000 points, ± 4 points/second

34’ 20” = 0 pts


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Combined Event – The System organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

Competitions must take part in a Pentathlon Stadium where the spectators can watch the last 3 pentathlon events:

In “A” Category competitions,

  • Electronic targets with visible lamps will be compulsory

  • The Shooting ranges must be constructed in such a way as to protect the athletes from any adverse weather conditions

  • A professional Commentator will be compulsory

  • Riding

  • Combined Event (Shooting / Running)

With the top 18 athletes in the 2nd round of riding, it will be possible to show 3 superb pentathlon events in 1 hour 30 minutes


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Pentathlon Stadium organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

Where the spectators can assist to the last 3 pentathlon events:

Riding

Combined Event (Shooting / Running)

With the top athletes in the 2nd round of riding it will be possible to show in 1 hour and 30 minutes 3 super pentathlon events


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The organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.Pentathlon Stadium is a fundamental requirement to organise successful competitions

3 pentathlon events in one area – a 1½ hour show on the same site


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COMBINED EVENT - organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.The Course

Last Pen.

TARGETS LINE

SHOOTING LINE

GATES

A

Start

B

Finish

Intermediate Lap


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COMBINED EVENT – Shooting Stand organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

ROOF

minimum

4m deep

(preferably transparent)

The Shooting Range must protect the

athletes from wind and rain


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COMBINED EVENT – Shooting Range organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

1.40 m

± 0.05 m

0.70 – 0.80 m

10 m


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COMBINED EVENT – Shooting Stand organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

TARGET WALL

SHOOTING TABLE

LATERAL WALL

ROOF

FIRING POSITION SEPARATOR

The sun must be behind the athletes


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COMBINED EVENT – Shooting Area organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

Plan (view from above)

181716151413 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 00

TARGET LINE

LATERAL

WALLS

10m

181716151413 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 00

TABLE LINE

1.5m

SHOOTING LINE

One way

min 4m

JUDGES AREA

PUBLIC AND COACHES AREA


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Electronic Targets - organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.Lights

ATHLETE ARRIVES IN SHOOTING POSITION

AND PUSHES THE BUTTON

Shooting consists of hitting all five targets with an unlimited number of shots but in a time limit of 1 minute and 30 seconds for each series

1.40 m

± 0.05 m

Shooting can start only after the targets have been reset

Red light means targets are set

Electronic Targets will be used for “A” Category Competitions


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Electronic Targets - organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.Lights

1.40 m

± 0.05 m

After every positive shot a green

lamp lights to show the positive result


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COMBINED EVENT - organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.Lights

GO!

1.40 m

± 0.05 m

After all five targets have been hit

the athlete can start the running leg


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COMBINED EVENT - organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.Lights

01:30

GO!

Elapsed Time

If after 1 minute and 30 seconds all the five target have not been hit, the athlete can start the running leg

1.40 m

± 0.05 m


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Mechanical Targets organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

Mechanical targets can be used for International “B” Category competitions , national competitions and for normal training


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THE TARGET SYSTEM organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.

Competition Target

Sighting

target


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How to set the targets organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.


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THE SHOOTING LINE organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.


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How to fix the reset target rope organised without penalty laps. The athletes had unlimited numbers of shots to hit all the targets before starting each running leg.



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The Competition training in any place

Senior/Junior/Youth A, Men and Women, consists of:

Handicap start, 20m run, 5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”); 1000m run;

5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”); 1000m run; 5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”); 1000m run

Youth B, Boys and Girls, consists of:

Handicap start, 20m run, 5 Target downs (time limit 1’30”); 500 m run;

5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”); 500m run; 5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”); 1000m run


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Relay competition training in any place

Teams of 3 athletes

Senior/Junior/Youth A, Men and Women, consists of:

  • Handicap start, 20m run,

  • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”);

  • 1000m run;

  • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”);

  • 1000m run

    for each of the 3 athletes.

    Youth B, Boys and Girls, consists of:

  • Handicap start, 20m run,

  • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”);

  • 500m run;

  • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’30”);

  • 1000m run

    for each of the 3 athletes


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Warming Up training in any place

The warming up time is 20 minutes, during which it is possible to shoot an unlimited number of shots and to run.

For aiming, paper targets can be used.

During warm up, Coaches can assist their athletes but outside the running corridor.

Before warming up starts, athletes have 5 minutes to prepare their shooting position and put on their bib numbers.

Shooting warm up finishes 3 minutes before the race starts.


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COMBINED EVENT - training in any placeClothing

  • Athletic clothes

  • Top with name and NF code (3 letters) on the back professionally printed, 7-12 cm, color contrasting

  • Athletic shoes, with or without spikes

  • Wristbands or similar on the shooting hand is prohibited

  • Water and towels allowed at the firing position

  • 2 Bibs with start numbers (provided by LOC)

  • back – 15cm x 10cm front – 20cm x 20cm


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The Start training in any place

Handicap start, using two gates

20m run to shooting line

First shooting series - 5 Targets down in 1’30”


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Athletes have to hit all 5 targets before starting their run training in any place

If after 1’30”, the athlete still has not hit all their targets, they can start their run


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COMBINED EVENT training in any place- Penalties

With the Combined Event, the Rules are very simple

and all the penalties can be shown on two slides …..


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COMBINED EVENT - Penalties training in any place


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First Conclusions on the training in any placeCombined Event

  • We create a more exiting competition.

  • During the Combined Event (Running/Shooting) the final result can change at any moment.

  • We reduce the competition time without interfering with the athletes preparation.

  • We reduced the number of judges needed.

  • We concentrate the last 3 events (Riding, Running, Shooting) in 1½ hours and in the same competition area (the Pentathlon Stadium) which is fantastic for Spectators, Media and Television.

  • We give to the Spectators the real possibility to watch and to understand immediately what is happening (falling targets or lights on electronic targets allow those who are not expert to understand if the shot was good or not).

  • We simplify the current, not so easy, rules

  • It will be easier to recruit new young athletes


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Complete Time training in any placeSchedule

Instead of starting 6 o’clock in the morning and finishing late in the night, with the athletes competing without spectators, especially the first part (shooting), we can start at 10 o’clock or later and finish the whole competition in 7 hours.


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