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Time Expression with Hacer. Grammar Essential #106. Time Expression with Hacer . Describes an action that began in the past and has continued into the present time. Time Expression with Hacer. Formula Hace + time + que + present tense verb I have been studying Spanish for 3 years.

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Time expression with hacer

Time Expression with Hacer

Grammar Essential #106


Time expression with hacer1
Time Expression with Hacer

  • Describes an action that began in the past and has continued into the present time.


Time expression with hacer2
Time Expression with Hacer

  • Formula

  • Hace + time+ que+ present tense verb

  • I have been studying Spanish for 3 years.

  • Hacetres añosqueestudio español.

  • They have been studying English for 5 years.

  • Hacecinco añosque ellos estudian inglés.


Time expression with hacer3
Time Expression with Hacer

Practice

Use: Hace + time+ que+ present tense verb

1. Ellos correr 2 meses.

They have been running for 2 months.

2. Yo jugar al golf 7 días.

I have been playing golf for 3 days.

3. Tú cocinar 3 años.

You have been cooking for 3 years.


Time Expression with Hacer

Answers

Use: Hace + time+ que+ present tense verb

1. Ellos correr 2 meses.

They have been running for 2 months.

Hacedos mesesque ellos corren.

2. Yo jugar al golf 3 días.

I have been playing golf for 7 days.

Hacesiete díasque yo juego al golf.

3. Tú cocinar 3 años.

You have been cooking for 3 years.

Hacetres añosquecocinas.


Time expression with hacer4
Time Expression with Hacer

  • To make it a negative expression, add no to the pattern in front of the conjugated verb.

    Hace + time+ que+ NO present tense verb


Time Expression with Hacer

Hace + time+ que+ NOpresent tense verb

  • Yo no estudiar español un año

    I have not studied Spanish for a year.

    Haceun añoquenoestudio español.


Time expression with hacer5
Time Expression with Hacer

  • How do you ask what length of time an action has been taking place?

  • ¿Cuánto tiempohacequepresent tense verb?

  • ¿Cuánto may change if the vocabulary for time is masculine or feminine and singular and plural.


Time expression with hacer6
Time Expression with Hacer

There is another way of telling how long something has been taking place using the infinitive hacer.

This formula uses desde.

What does desde mean?

Desde translates to since.


Time expression with hacer7
Time Expression with Hacer

The second formula is:

Present tense verb + desde hace + time

I have been studying Spanish for 3year.

Estudio español desde hacetres años.

They have been studying English for 5 years.

Ellos estudian inglés desde hacecinco años.


Time expression with hacer8
Time Expression with Hacer

  • Practice using the formula:

    Present tense verb + desde hace + time

1. Ellos correr 2 meses.

They have been running for 2 months.

2. Yo jugar al golf 7 días.

I have been playing golf for 3 days.

3. Tú cocinar 3 años.

You have been cooking for 3 years.


Time Expression with Hacer

Answers

Use: Present tense verb + desde hace + time

1. Ellos correr 2 meses.

They have been running for 2 months.

Ellos corren desde hace dos meses.

2. Yo jugar al golf 3 días.

I have been playing golf for 7 days.

Yo juego al golf desde hacesiete días .

3. Tú cocinar 3 años.

You have been cooking for 3 years.

Cocinas desde hacetres años .


Time expression with hacer9
Time Expression with Hacer

  • To make this formula negative, put no in front of the conjugated verb.

    NOPresent tense verb + desde hace + time

  • Yo no estudiar español un año

    I have not studied Spanish for a year.

    Noestudio español desde hace un año .


Time expression with hacer10
Time Expression with Hacer

  • How do you ask what length of time an action has been taking place?

  • ¿Desde cuándo present tense verb?


Time expression with hacer11
Time Expression with Hacer

RECAP:

There are 2 ways to indicate length of time an action has been taking place.

1. Hace + time+ que+ present tense verb

Or

2. Present tense verb + desde hace + time

Both can be made negative by adding “no” in front of the verb.


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