Chapter 11 theatrical space and production design
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Chapter 11: Theatrical Space and Production Design PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Chapter 11: Theatrical Space and Production Design. The Influence of Theatrical Space Factors that influence audience response and the use of production elements: Degree of formality Size Arrangement or configuration. The Proscenium Arch Stage. Raised platform framed by arch

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Chapter 11: Theatrical Space and Production Design

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Chapter 11 theatrical space and production design

Chapter 11:Theatrical Space and Production Design

The Influence of Theatrical Space

  • Factors that influence audience response and the use of production elements:

    • Degree of formality

    • Size

    • Arrangement or configuration


The influence of theatrical space

The Proscenium Arch Stage

  • Raised platform framed by arch

  • Marks division between stage and auditorium clearly

  • Sometimes includes an apron = extension of acting platform slightly beyond proscenium arch into auditorium

  • Seats on one level or raked upwards toward back of auditorium; may include one or more balconies

  • Stage designed to be seen from front only

  • Overhead system for movement of scenery = fly system

  • Offstage space at sides = wings

STAGE

AUDIENCE


Proscenium arch stage

Proscenium Arch Stage


Proscenium arch stage1

Proscenium Arch Stage


Proscenium arch stage2

Proscenium Arch Stage


Proscenium arch stage3

Proscenium Arch Stage


The influence of theatrical space

The Thrust Stage

  • Raised platform surrounded on 2 or 3 sides by seating

  • Brings spectators closer to the action

  • Discourages realistic spectacle due to sightlines

  • Most do not have fly systems, although lighting instruments may be hung overhead

STAGE

AUDIENCE

AUDIENCE

AUDIENCE

  • Scenic units shifted by hand


Thrust stage

Thrust Stage


Thrust stage1

Thrust Stage


The influence of theatrical space

The Arena Stage

  • No platform: open space at floor level

  • Seating usually a stepped arrangement on 4 sides of acting area

  • Fully 3-dimensional playing area

  • Very restricted scenery due to sightlines

  • Generally no fly system

AUDIENCE

  • Scene changes made in full view or in semi-darkness, usually by hand

  • Passageways running under seating and opening onto the acting area = vomitoria

STAGE

AUDIENCE

AUDIENCE

AUDIENCE


Arena stage

Arena Stage


Arena stage1

Arena Stage


The influence of theatrical space

Flexible Space

  • No defined rules about the audience/actor relationship

  • Arrangement changes from production to production or even during the same performance

  • In modern times, the flexible space has been used since the 1960s

  • When indoors: often referred to as a black box since it is basically a a bare room with black walls

  • Indoor or outdoor; small or large

  • Intermingled arrangement may use multiple focus

AUDIENCE

AUDIENCE

STAGE AREA

AUDIENCE


Flexible stage

Flexible Stage


The influence of theatrical space

Collaborative Production Design

  • The audience typically perceives a production design through hearing and seeing

  • Aural components include:

    • Sound Design

    • Actor’s Voices

  • Visual components include:

    • Scenery

    • Costumes

    • Lighting

    • Actor placement and movement


The influence of theatrical space

VISUAL elements of design

  • Line

  • Shape

  • Space

    • Color

      • Texture

    • ORNAMENTATION

  • These elements function as building blocks for designers and for the director


The influence of theatrical space

Collaborative Production Design

  • Basic principles of design:

    • Harmony

    • Balance

    • Variety

    • Proportion

    • Rhythm

    • Emphasis

  • These elements help the designers and the director to use the visual elements effectively


The influence of theatrical space

Collaborative Production Design

Costume Designer

Scenic Designer

Lighting Designer

Sound Designer

Director

PRODUCTION CONCEPT

common interpretation or goal

coordinated aspects of production

cohesive experience for audience


The influence of theatrical space

Collaborative Production Design

  • Most designers begin with the script, completing a series of readings to accumulate relevant information on:

    • Action

    • Characters

    • Themes

    • Language

    • Meaning


The influence of theatrical space

Collaborative Production Design

  • Designers also use other sources to assemble information on topics such as:

    • The specific look of the period of the play’s action

    • The manners and customs of a time period or culture

    • The theatrical conventions of the time period during which the play was written/performed

    • The quality of light and sound in various locations indicated in the play

    • The political and social contexts out of which the play came

  • The designers and the director meet to discuss the play and its interpretational focus


The influence of theatrical space

Costumes

Lighting

Sound

Scenery

Each element can project messages and evoke responses

Lighting

Costumes

Sound

Scenery

Theatrical production is an inherently collaborative process.

The final product is a group creation.


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