5 A DAY
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5 A DAY The 5 A Day Programme Background Importance of Fruit and Vegetables Why eat more fruit and vegetables? Why are fruit and vegetables protective? How do fruit and vegetables fit into a healthy diet? What is a portion? Useful contacts 5 A Day - Background

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5 A DAY

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5 A DAY


The 5 A Day Programme

  • Background

  • Importance of Fruit and Vegetables

  • Why eat more fruit and vegetables?

  • Why are fruit and vegetables protective?

  • How do fruit and vegetables fit into a healthy diet?

  • What is a portion?

  • Useful contacts


5 A Day - Background

  • Cancer and CHD account for approx 60% of deaths in the UK

  • A key government strategy – improve diet

  • National 5-A-Day programme developed to address attitudes, awareness, access and availability of fruit and veg


Importance of Fruit & Vegetables

  • Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption could reduce the risk of deaths from CHD, Cancer and Stroke by 20% (DOH, 2000)

  • Eating fruit & vegetables is recognised as being the second most effective strategy for reducing cancers, after stopping smoking


Why eat more fruit and vegetables?

  • Clear & growing evidence for the protective effects of fruit & veg against chronic diseases (e.g. CHD, Cancer, Stroke)

  • Positive effect on dietary goals e.g. recommendations to increase fibre and reduce fat.

  • Reduce risk of obesity & weight gain

  • Help management of diabetes

  • Delay development of cataracts

  • Improve bowel function

  • Help reduce blood pressure


Why are fruit and vegetables protective?

  • They contain a lot of the nutrients essential to our bodies

  • They contain a wide variety of substances known to have health benefits

  • They supply a rich cocktail of interacting components


How do fruit & vegetables fit into a healthy diet?

(adapted from British Heart Foundation, 2000)


What is a portion?

Each of these is an example of a portion of fruit or veg.


What counts?

One portion weighs about 80g/3 oz or about a ‘handful.’

You don’t have to eat only fresh foods: Fresh, frozen, chilled, canned 100% juice and dried fruits and vegetables all count.

Fruit juice & pulses

only count as 1 portion

per day, no matter how

often you have them, as

they don’t contain enough fibre

A portion of dried fruit is about the same as you would eat if it was fresh e.g. 3 dried apricots, 2 figs

  • Which foods don’t count at all?

  • Potatoes

  • fruit squash

  • fruit yoghurt

  • fruit & nut chocolate bars

  • fruit jam


More information about 5 A Day is available from:

Department of Health

Telephone: 020 7210 4850

www.5aday.nhs.uk

Food Standards Agency

Telephone: 020 7276 8000

www.eatwell.gov.uk


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