SALMONELLA INFECTION Abdelaziz Elamin, MD, PhD, FRCPCH College of Medicine Sultan Qaboos University INTRODUCTION Discovered in 1880 & named after Daniel Salmon, the pathologist who first isolated the organism from porcine intestine.
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Abdelaziz Elamin, MD, PhD, FRCPCH
College of Medicine
Sultan Qaboos University
After ingestion salmonella must survive the stomach acidic PH & colonize small intestine.
Salmonella then attach to & penetrate the gut mucosa resulting in diarrhea from direct mucosal damage & by action of exotoxins.
Another portal of entry is invasion of lymphoid tissue in the GIT (peyer patches) & multiplication within macrophages leading to bacteremia.
MORTALITY & MORBIDITY