Religion and politics motivations traditions and milestones
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Religion and Politics Motivations, Traditions and Milestones. A presentation by Andrea Marquis June 6, 2007. Questions We’ll Answer. How does religion effect motivation to participate in politics? How does this vary by religion? By era in time?

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Religion and politics motivations traditions and milestones

Religion and PoliticsMotivations, Traditions and Milestones

A presentation by Andrea Marquis

June 6, 2007

Questions we ll answer
Questions We’ll Answer

  • How does religion effect motivation to participate in politics?

  • How does this vary by religion?

  • By era in time?

  • Who have been milestones in involvement in the public office?


  • Government

    • the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration

  • Politics

    • The art or science of government or governing, especially the governing of a political entity, such as a nation, and the administration and control of its internal and external affairs.

Judaism on politics
Judaism on Politics

  • Jewish people and political tradition-3300+ years… from enslaved caste, exiled community, to modern state

  • 1 Samuel 8, Judges 9:7-15 transition, want for King

  • recognition of the Jews as a separate people, not merely a religion or set of moral principles

  • Isaiah 33:17-24 -- “the Lord our judge, the Lord our lawgiver, the Lord our king, he it is who will save us.”

  • how the Jews managed to maintain their polity over centuries of independence, exile and dispersion

Judaism continued
Judaism continued..

  • Tradition based on power and justice

  • edah --a coming together -- constituted through the Sinai covenant

  • concern for relationships rather than regimes

  • governors and the governed

  • Embodied in principle of covenant

  • Genesis 17:1-27 “Between you and me I will establish my covenant”

    • binding obligation rests on both parties

Judaism continued1
Judaism continued…

  • Jews must assume responsibility for the effort to build the "kingdom of heaven" on earth

  • vital for Jews to rediscover the Jewish political tradition to pursue the Jewish vision & root their institutions

  • Ezekiel 20:1-44 “I will count you with the staff and bring back but a small number”

Christianity on politics
Christianity on Politics

  • Emerged from Jewish tradition

  • Romans 13:1-7” “for it is the servant of God for your good. But if you do evil, be afraid, for it does not bear the sword without purpose; it is the servant of God to inflict wrath on the evildoer.”

    • Reigning supreme over human rulers

  • 1 Kings 2:36-46 “ The throne of David shall be established before the Lord forever”

    • Jewish heritage

Christianity continued
Christianity Continued

  • service of God and the respect for kings are bound together

    • 1 Peter 2:13-17 “Fear God, honor the king”

  • Bishop Bossuet

    • “Kings should tremble then as they use the power God has granted them”

Christianity continued1
Christianity Continued

  • Citizenship

  • As an Israelite, Roman citizen

  • Citizen of heaven

    • Ephesians 2:14-22

    • Philippians 3:17-21

    • “But our citizenship is in heaven”

    • Concern with heavenly vs. worldly affairs

Christianity continued2
Christianity Continued

  • Church & State

  • Long tradition of tension in separation

  • political and social movements drawn upon religious institutions for authority, inspiration, organization

Islam on politics
Islam on Politics

  • Surah 4:105, 5:44-45

  • 2 people mentioned

    • allatheena aslamoo- judge according to Allah= Muslims

    • Kafiroon- do not judge according to Allah

    • Today, no government which rules, solely according to what Allah has revealed

    • All Governments are of Kafiroon…no Islamic Government that exists on the face of earth today

Islam continued
Islam Continued…

  • Al-Hukm-Judgment, Rule, Command

  • Belongs to Allah alone

    • Surah 6:57-62 “Command rests with none but Allah”

  • Although all-powerful, Allah does not change laws

    • Surah 33:59-62

  • Invisible, Muhammad central authority

Islam continued1
Islam Continued…

  • Death of Muhammad

  • Division of Sunni and Shi’i Islam

  • Affairs decided mutually

    • Any disagreements refereed to Allah

    • Surah 42:10-15

  • Democratic conflict

    • objective standards and the absolute criteria given in the Qur’an

Joe lieberman
Joe Lieberman

  • Four terms on U.S. Senate, 2000 Vice Presidential candidate, won popular vote

  • Orthodox Jew, won’t campaign on Shabbat… Keeps Kosher home

  • Politically: “I agree more often than not with Democrats on domestic policy. I agree more often than not with Republicans on foreign and defense policy”

  • Says there is a “constitutional place for faith in our public life”- controversy

Al smith
Al Smith

  • Democratic Presidential Candidate in 1928

  • First Catholic to be nominated

    • Swept Catholic vote

    • Critiques feared he would answer to Pope instead of to U.S. Constitution

  • Long-term voter realignment

  • Changing nature of American Politics

  • Lead to JFK's victory in 1960

Keith ellison
Keith Ellison

  • First Muslim in U.S. Congress, Minnesota

  • Raised Roman Catholic, in college converted to Sunni Islam

  • For Muslims, encourages civic empowerment through participation in the political process