Amelanchier laevis allegheny serviceberry or shadbush
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Amelanchier laevis “Allegheny serviceberry or shadbush” SIZE: Large shrub or small tree HABIT: Upright with rounded crown FOL: Pink-bronze in spring; medium green in summer; apricot-red in fall BARK: Grayish in color, streaked with dark longitudinal stripes

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Amelanchier laevis allegheny serviceberry or shadbush l.jpg
Amelanchier laevis“Allegheny serviceberry or shadbush”

SIZE: Large shrub or small tree

HABIT: Upright with rounded

crown




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FL. & FR.: White in pendulous, 2-4” racemes in April as leaves emerge; Fruit = 1/3” red-purple-black pome in June


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CULTURE: Transplant B & B; prefers MWDS, sl. acidic; full sun or partial shade; NOT pollution tolerant

PESTS: Rust; powdery mildew; leaf spot

USE: Naturalizing (good against an evergreen backdrop); attracts wildlife

MISC.: Fruit can be made into pies, jelly, etc. Birds love the fruit! Silvery bark is nice in winter.


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Amelanchier laevis sun or partial shade; NOT pollution tolerant ‘Robin Hill’


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Crataegus phaenopyrum sun or partial shade; NOT pollution tolerant“Washington hawthorn”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Upright, pyramidal-oval




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FL. & FR.: 1/2” white flowers, sl. scented, in terminal and axillary 2” corymbs in June; Fruit = bright, glossy, 1/3” red drupe in October (persist thru winter)


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CULTURE: Tolerates most soils; pH tolerant; full sun; tolerates urban dirt; does NOT tolerate wet sites

PESTS: Rusts and leaf spots

USE: Specimen, screen, foundation, hedge


Misc thorns are dangerous l.jpg
MISC.: Thorns are dangerous! tolerates urban dirt; does NOT tolerate wet sites


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Malus tolerates urban dirt; does NOT tolerate wet sites sp.“crabapples, apples”

SIZE: Small tree; cultivar dependent

HABIT: Typically upright, mounded




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FL. & FR.: Depends on cultivar!! Single and doubles; Fruit = pomes (1/2” - 5”), red -yellow-orange in September (persist into winter)


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CULTURE: Prefer MWDS, acidic; full sun (does not tolerate shade!!); pruning is recommended to provide adequate air circulation

PESTS: Many... powdery mildew, aphids, fireblight, cedar-apple rust, etc... (not as serious in the North)


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USE: Specimen, groupings, attract wildlife shade!!); pruning is recommended to provide adequate air circulationMISC.: Makes excellent jam, jelly, pies or eaten raw. Fruit can be messy!


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Prunus serrulata shade!!); pruning is recommended to provide adequate air circulation‘Kwanzan’“Kwanzan cherry”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Upright, often vase-shaped





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CULTURE: Prefers MWDS; short-lived tree = NONE! Sterile plant

PESTS: Canker, virus, borers

USE: Specimen, street tree

MISC.: Often grafted on P. avium. Live about 20 years. Spectacular in flower! Great bark. Hardiest of the double-flowered cherries. Marginal in Burlington, VT


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Prunus subhirtella = NONE! Sterile plant‘Pendula’“weeping Higan cherry cherry”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Grafted, weeping





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CULTURE: Prefers MWDS; fast grower! = rare

PESTS: Canker, virus, borers

USE: Specimen

MISC.: Often grafted on P. avium. One of the longest-lived cherries! Graceful in flower. Great bark. Marginal in Burlington, VT


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Prunus virginiana = rare‘Canada Red’“red-leaf chokeberry”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Upright, rounded




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CULTURE: Prefers MWDS but tolerates most soils; full sun red-purple drupe in mid-summer

PESTS: None serious

USE: Specimen, street tree

MISC.: This is an up-and-coming plant in the nursery trade. Great seasonal characteristics! Fruit is edible and made into pies, jams, jellies, sauces and wine!


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Sorbus aucuparia red-purple drupe in mid-summer“European mountainash”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Pyramidal to upright

ovate shape




Fl fr white 1 3 malodorous in 3 5 flat topped corymbs in may fruit 1 4 orange red pome in september l.jpg
FL. & FR.: White, 1/3” , malodorous in 3-5” flat-topped corymbs in May; Fruit = 1/4” orange-red pome in September


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CULTURE: Transplant B & B; prefers well drained loamy, sl. acidic soils; Does NOT tolerate compacted soils or air pollution

PESTS: Fireblight, canker, leaf rusts (none too serious in Vermont)

USE: Specimen, foundation plant, attract wildlife

MISC.: Disease devastates the plant below USDA Zone 6!


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Hydrangea paniculata acidic soils; Does NOT tolerate compacted soils or air pollution‘Grandiflora’“peegee hydrangea”

SIZE: Large shrub or small tree

HABIT: Upright, spreading,

low-branched




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FL. & FR.: Mostly infertile flowers; 12-18” terminal panicle; Flowers white changing to reddish-pink; No fruit


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CULTURE: MWDS; full sun to partial shade; tough plant; soils adaptable; urban tolerant; prune in early Spring (flowers on new wood)

PESTS: None serious

USE: Specimen; accent; old-time plant that is making a come-back

MISC.: Coarse winter texture; bold in flower; Dirr doesn’t like it (a “monstrosity”)


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Hydrangea paniculata soils adaptable; urban tolerant; prune in early Spring (flowers on new wood) ‘Limelight’


Hydrangea paniculata the swan l.jpg
Hydrangea paniculata soils adaptable; urban tolerant; prune in early Spring (flowers on new wood) ‘The Swan’


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Philadelphus coronarius soils adaptable; urban tolerant; prune in early Spring (flowers on new wood)“mockorange”

SIZE: Large shrub

HABIT: Upright, stiff branches that arch with age; leggy


Fol medium green in summer no fall color l.jpg
FOL: Medium green in summer; NO fall color soils adaptable; urban tolerant; prune in early Spring (flowers on new wood)


Bark exfoliating orange to reddish brown l.jpg
BARK: Exfoliating, orange to reddish-brown soils adaptable; urban tolerant; prune in early Spring (flowers on new wood)


Fl fr white 1 very fragrant borne clustered on a raceme in june fruit dehiscent capsule not showy l.jpg
FL. & FR.: White, 1”, very fragrant, borne clustered on a raceme in June; Fruit = dehiscent capsule (not showy)


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CULTURE: Transplant readily; soil adaptable; full sun to light shade; prune after flowering (can cut to the ground to rejuvenate!)

PESTS: Leaf spots (some powdery mildew)

USE: Accent; shrub border; old-time plant

MISC.: Grown for scented flowers only...


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Halesia tetraptera (H. carolina) light shade; prune after flowering (can cut to the ground to rejuvenate!)“Carolina silverbell”

SIZE: Small to medium tree

HABIT: Low-branched tree with

rounded, broad crown


Fol yellow green in summer yellow green in fall l.jpg
FOL: Yellow-green in summer; yellow-green in fall light shade; prune after flowering (can cut to the ground to rejuvenate!)


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BARK: Young branches are orange-gray with darker vertical streaks. Become more gray brown with age with distinct flat topped ridges.


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FL. & FR.: White, campanulate, 3/4” long, axillary flowers on old wood, in May before leaves; Fruit = oblong, 4-winged, 1 .5” long, dry, lt. brown drupe


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CULTURE: Transplants readily if B & B; prefers rich, high organic matter soils; sun or partial shade

PESTS: None!

USE: Specimen; naturalizing; mix with rhododendrons underneath and evergreens behind

MISC.: Underutilized plant; ‘Rosea’ has a pink flower


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Tamarix ramosissima organic matter soils; sun or partial shade“tamarisk”

SIZE: Medium to large shrub

HABIT: Upright but open



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FL. & FR.: Rosy pink, 1/4” flowers borne in 1- 3” racemes grouped to form large (2-3’) terminal panicles in mid-summer. Fruit = a capsule (rare)


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CULTURE: Poor root system and therefore requires close attention following planting. Provide with adequate moisture. If transplanted and allowed to become dry... It will die! Prefers acidic, well-drained soils low in fertility; full sun; very salt tolerant!! Can be pruned to the ground and still flower

PESTS: Canker and root rot

USE: Seashore plantings or areas with high salt; poor soils

MISC.: This plant has proven to be invasive in the mid-west along rivers and streams


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Stewartia pseudocamellia attention following planting. Provide with adequate moisture. If transplanted and allowed to become dry... It will die! Prefers acidic, well-drained soils low in fertility; full sun; “Japanese stewartia”

SIZE: Small to medium tree

HABIT: Pyramidal to oval



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BARK: Outstanding!! Develops a muscle like character. Outer bark fragments exfoliate to reveal lighter inner bark


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FL. & FR.: White, cup-shaped, 2” across, flowers have long filaments and orange anthers, in May before leaves; Fruit = 1” oval, dry, lt. brown 5-valved capsule in fall


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CULTURE: Difficult to transplant, small container-grown plants or B & B is best; prefers well drained, organic, acidic soils; Prefer shade during the hottest part of the day.

PESTS: None serious

USE: Specimen, esp. in winter for the bark

MISC.: Marginally hardy here in Burlington, VT. The bark is exfoliating and reveals a patchwork of cinnamons, tans, browns and cream colors. Exceptional! A 4-season plant!


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Ulmus glabra plants or B & B is best; prefers well drained, organic, acidic soils; Prefer shade during the hottest part of the day.‘Camperdownii’“Camperdown elm”

SIZE: Small tree

HABIT: Low-branched tree with rounded, broad crown; height depends on graft


Fol medium green in summer yellow green in fall l.jpg
FOL: Medium green in summer; yellow-green in fall plants or B & B is best; prefers well drained, organic, acidic soils; Prefer shade during the hottest part of the day.




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CULTURE: Transplants readily; MWDS; full sun (not showy)

PESTS: Few (for elms); leaf gall; graft incompatibility

USE: Specimen

MISC.: Novelty plant ideal for a small yard; originally discovered creeping on the ground at Camperdown House, Dundee, Scotland around 1850


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Ilex verticillata (not showy)“winterberry”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Oval-rounded;

forms a multistemmed clump




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FL. & FR.: Dioecious! Flowers not showy; Fruit on female = 1/4” bright red drupe in September; persists into winter


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CULTURE: Tolerates WET conditions; prefers moist, acidic, high OM soils; full sun to partial shade; will sucker

PESTS: None serious

USE: Excellent in a mass, near water; naturalizing; attracts wildlife

MISC.: Many cultivars for fruit color (yellow, orange, red)


Ilex verticillata sunsplash l.jpg
Ilex verticillata high OM soils; full sun to partial shade; will sucker ‘Sunsplash’


Eleutherococcus sieboldianus fiveleaf aralia l.jpg
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus high OM soils; full sun to partial shade; will sucker“fiveleaf aralia”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright (with pruning), otherwise an upright mound




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CULTURE: VERY tolerant of poor soils, pollution, full sun or full shade; tolerates pruning; will sucker

PESTS: None serious

USE: Urban plant; screen; barrier (prickles)

MISC.: The cultivar, ‘Variegatus’ has a very nice, white-margined, “tropical” looking leaf; formerly Acanthopanax sieboldianus


Eleutherococcus sieboldianus variegatus l.jpg
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus or full shade; tolerates pruning; will sucker‘Variegatus’


Viburnum carlesii koreanspice viburnum l.jpg
Viburnum carlesii or full shade; tolerates pruning; will sucker“Koreanspice viburnum”

SIZE: Small to medium shrub

HABIT: Rounded; dense



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FL. & FR.: Flowers = pinkish-red in bud, 1/2” across in 3” cymes in May (semi-snowball); Fruit = 1/3” red-black egg-shaped drupe (not showy)


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CULTURE: Prefers MWDS; full sun to partial shade; prune AFTER flowering; avoid grafted plants

PESTS: None serious, resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Foundation plant; mixed shrub border

MISC.: Flowers very fragrant!!


Viburnum dentatum arrowwood viburnum l.jpg
Viburnum dentatum AFTER flowering; avoid grafted plants“arrowwood viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Multistemmed; dense

and rounded



Fl fr flowers white in 3 flat topped cyme in june fruit 1 4 blue black drupe in september l.jpg
FL. & FR.: Flowers = white in 3” flat-topped cyme in June; Fruit = 1/4” blue-black drupe in September


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CULTURE: Transplants readily; very durable for viburnums; prefers MWDS, full sun to partial shade; tolerates salt; suckers readily!

PESTS: susceptible to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Hedges, masses; utilitarian; attracts wildlife

MISC.: NOT fragrant in flower! Selections need to be made for fall color. Branches are long , straight, and resilient, and make excellent arrows!


Viburnum lantana wayfaringtree viburnum l.jpg
Viburnum lantana prefers MWDS, full sun to partial shade; tolerates salt; suckers readily!“wayfaringtree viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Multistemmed; upright;

rounded



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FL. & FR.: Flowers = white in 4” flat-topped cyme in May, no fragrance; Fruit = 1/3” yellow, red, black drupe in September (quite showy)


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CULTURE: Readily transplanted; tolerates alkaline and dry soils better than other viburnums; full sun to partial shade

PESTS: resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Hedges, screens, massing; borders

MISC.: A more compact form is: V. lantana ‘Mohican’


Viburnum opulus roseum european snowballbush l.jpg
Viburnum opulus ‘ soils better than other viburnums; full sun to partial shadeRoseum’“European snowballbush”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright, mounded



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FL. & FR.: Flowers = sterile, showy white flowers clustered in a 3” diameter ball in May; Flowers turn slightly pink with age; Fruit = none


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CULTURE: Soil adaptable; very easy to grow; will NOT tolerate wet sites; full sun to partial shade

PESTS: Aphids; leaf spot, susceptible to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Edging; shrub border

MISC.: An old favorite in European and US gardens; known since the 16th century


Viburnum plicatum var tomentosum doublefile viburnum l.jpg
Viburnum plicatum tolerate wet sites; full sun to partial shadevar. tomentosum“doublefile viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Horizontal branching in

tiers


Fol dark green in summer reddish purple in fall l.jpg
FOL: Dark green in summer; reddish-purple in fall tolerate wet sites; full sun to partial shade


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FL. & FR.: Flower = white, mix of fertile and sterile flowers on a 4” flat-topped cyme in May; Fruit = 1/3” red, black drupe in August


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CULTURE: Requires MWDS; does NOT tolerate heavy, clay, poorly drained soils; can be severely pruned to rejuvenate

PESTS: None serious; leaf scorch can be a problem in hot, dry sites; resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Specimen, accent, foundation, mass

MISC.: A beautiful plant in flower, marginally hardy here (site in a protected location!)


Viburnum x rhytidophylloides lantanaphyllum viburnum l.jpg
Viburnum poorly drained soils; can be severely pruned to rejuvenate x rhytidophylloides“lantanaphyllum viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright, slightly spreading



Fl fr flower creamy white in 4 flat topped cymes in may fruit 1 3 red black drupe in september l.jpg
FL. & FR.: Flower = creamy-white in 4” flat-topped cymes in May; Fruit = 1/3” red, black drupe in September


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CULTURE: Soil adaptable; sun to partial shade; protect from wind

PESTS: None, resistant to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Screen, hedge, foundation plant

MISC.: Fruit can be showy, selections need to be made! V. x rhytidophylloides ‘Alleghany’ is a superior selection from a hybrid cross of V.rhytidophyllum x V. lantana ‘Mohican’ in 1953 and resulted in darker green leaves, more flowers, greater cold hardiness, more vigorous yet dense and compact growth!


Viburnum trilobum american cranberry viburnum l.jpg
Viburnum trilobum from wind“American cranberry viburnum”

SIZE: Medium shrub

HABIT: Upright and slightly spreading


Fol reddish new growth in spring lustrous medium green in summer yellow red purple in fall l.jpg
FOL: Reddish new growth in spring; lustrous, medium green in summer; yellow-red-purple in fall


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FL. & FR.: Flowers = white in 4” flat-topped cymes in May; Fruit = 1/3” bright red, globose, drupe in September (persists into winter)


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CULTURE: Transplants readily; prefers MWDS; sun to partial shade; more adaptable than V. opulus; does NOT tolerate dry conditions

PESTS: susceptible to Viburnum leaf beetle

USE: Screen or informal hedge; attracts wildlife

MISC.: Fruit edible and made into jams and jellies. Looks nearly identical to V. opulus


Weigela florida weigela l.jpg
Weigela florida partial shade; more adaptable than “weigela”

SIZE: Small to medium shrub

HABIT: Rounded with arching branches to the ground


Fol medium green in summer no fall color109 l.jpg
FOL: Medium green in summer; no fall color partial shade; more adaptable than


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FL. & FR.: Flowers = 1” funnel-shaped, rosy-pink in June, axillary on old-wood; Fruit = two-valved capsule (not showy)


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CULTURE: Extremely adaptable; prune after flowering to maintain shape; pollution tolerant

PESTS: None serious

USE: Massing, groups, shrub border

MISC.: Effective in flower, nondescript out-of-flower; many cultivars: ‘Alexandra’ = “Wine and Roses®weigela” and ‘Variegata Nana’ = a compact, variegated form


Weigela florida nana variegata l.jpg
Weigela florida maintain shape; pollution tolerant ‘Nana Variegata’


Weigela florida wine and roses l.jpg
Weigela florida maintain shape; pollution tolerant ‘Wine and Roses’


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