III. Purpose and Historical Setting. Purpose and Historical Setting of FG Evangelism : Is FG primarily designed to win converts? 20:30-31 seems to state evangelistic purpose. Textual uncertainty: “come to believe” or “continue believing”? Much in FG is unsuited to evangelism.
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2. Conflict with the Synagogue (cont.)
4. Middle period: second generation
30 Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book.
31 But these are written so that you maycome to believe b that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through believing you may have life in his name.
b Other ancient authorities read may continue to believe.
And for apostates let there be no hope;
and may the insolent kingdom be quickly uprooted, in our days.
And may the Nazarenes and the heretics perish quickly;
and may they be erased from the Book of Life;
and may they not be inscribed with the righteous.
Blessed art thou, Lord, who humblest the insolent.
(Culpepper, The Gospel and Letters of John, p. 44)
22 His parents said this because they were afraid of the Jews; for the Jews had already agreed that anyone who confessed Jesus to be the Messiah would be put out of the synagogue.
12:42 Nevertheless many, even of the authorities, believed in him. But because of the Pharisees they did not confess it, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue;
19:38 After these things, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, though a secret one because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission; so he came and removed his body.