Greek views of Death

Greek views of Death PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Homeric View. Eidola Blood Burial PolynicesElpenorPalinurus. Platonic View. SinnersVirtuousChoosing new lifeRebirth

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Greek views of Death

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1. Greek views of Death The realm of Hades

3. Platonic View Sinners Virtuous Choosing new life Rebirth & reincarnation Platonic afterlife

4. Vergilian Geography Aeneas & Sibyl Infants Falsely condemned Suicides Plains of mourning Brave warriors Criminals Tartarus Elysian fields Gates of horn and Ivory

5. The dead Dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt return

6. Deceased Present at graves Blood libation Snakes Anger to be appeased Ghosts unburied

7. Funeral Prothesis Mourners ekphora Cremation inhumation Sacrifice Grave offerings Games Sema

8. Burial

9. Realm of Hades Geography & Inhabitants

10. Hades Zeus of the Underworld “invisible one” The other Zeus All-Receiver “Pluto” the Enricher Dis Pater Meilichios

11. Hades

12. Entrance to the Underworld: Ephyra and Cumae

13. Rivers Styx (Hate) Acheron (Woe) Lethe (Forgetfulness) Kokytos (Wailing) Phlegethon (Fire)

14. The river Styx

15. Charon Ferry-man Coins

16. Cerberus

17. Judges Minos (Zeus & Europa) Rhadymanthus (Zeus & Europa) Aeacus (Zeus & Aegina)

18. Tityos

19. Tantalus

20. Sisyphus

21. Ixion

22. Danaids

23. Visiting the Underworld Death & Rebirth

24. Visiting the Underworld Rite of passage Rebirth

25. Heracles

26. Odysseus

27. Aeneas

28. Orpheus (& Eurydice)

29. Theseus

30. Chthonic Ritual Cult of the dead and heroes

31. Chthonic vs Olympian Defiled attire, no garland Hair untied Weeping & lamentation Ground level hearth or pit Blood flows into pit Night Oikos Devote, taboo, cut into fire Black animals choai Festive attire, garlands Hair tied back Joy & exaltation Stone altar Sacrificial neck upward Sunrise Naos Consecrate, fumigate White animals spondai

32. Chthonic deities Powers of danger & evil Erinyes Vengeance Fertility Agriculture Mineral wealth Chthonic Demeter Chthonia Dionysos, son of Persephone Hermes Hekate Hades

33. Cult of Heroes Civic Famous men City founders Unusual deaths Heroon Burnt (uneaten) offerings Silence

34. Cult of Heroes Theseus Oedipus Dioscouri (Castor & Pollux) Herakles

35. Festivals of the Dead Anthesteria Parentalia Lemuria

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