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Four Steps for Improving Inquiry-Based Teaching and Learning. Jeff C. Marshall Clemson University 2009 NSTA Presentation. Agenda. Inquiry What is it? What does it look like? 4 critical components of effective inquiry-based teaching and learning Examples Your teaching practice.

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Four steps for improving inquiry based teaching and learning

Four Steps for Improving Inquiry-Based Teaching and Learning

Jeff C. Marshall

Clemson University

2009 NSTA Presentation


Agenda
Agenda

  • Inquiry

    • What is it?

    • What does it look like?

  • 4 critical components of effective inquiry-based teaching and learning

  • Examples

  • Your teaching practice


What nsta can and cannot do
What NSTA can and cannot do?

  • Can—help motivate, help network, provide ideas,…

  • Cannot—provide a magic elixir for improving learning in your class!!!

    SO…new ideas, motivation,…+ what improves learning?


Better teaching
BETTER TEACHING

So do you need more flash and bang?

More hands-on?

More vocabulary?

More content?

Answer: NO, NO, NO, & NO

Rather—more focused, intentional, formative, minds-on, reflective teaching—BETTER TEACHING


Session focus
Session Focus

  • INQUIRY-BASED instruction and learning

    • National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996)

    • Inquiry and the NSES (NRC, 2000)

    • Inquiry Within (Llewellyn, 2007)

    • 4E x 2 Instructional Model (www.clemson.edu/iim)


What is inquiry
What is Inquiry?

  • 100% consensus lacking, but inquiry is…

    multifaceted activity that involves students

    observing

    questioning (scientific)

    predicting

    planning investigations

    gathering and analyzing data

    communicating solutions and explanations

    considering alternate hypotheses


Inquiry continuum
Inquiry Continuum

  • Inquiry follows a continuum—not an either/or

  • Pre-Inquiry or Non-Inquiry—other strategy used

  • Developing Inquiry—prescriptive/cookbook

  • Proficient Inquiry—often guided

  • Exemplary Inquiry—maximal student engagement

Proficient Inquiry—is often guided but challenges students to think and problem solve within the context of critical content.


Facilitating inquiry
Facilitating Inquiry

  • If you improve the following areas—learning increases!

    • Instruction (How do I lead?)

    • Discourse (How do we interact?)

    • Assessment (How is instruction influenced by student achievement/knowledge?)

    • Curriculum (What guides teaching and learning?)

      Although all are inter-related, each will be considered independently.


Instructional factors
Instructional Factors

  • Instructional Strategies

  • Order of Instruction

  • Teacher Role

  • Student Role

  • Knowledge Acquisition



Discourse factors
Discourse Factors

  • Questioning Level

  • Complexity of Questions

  • Questioning Ecology

  • Communication Pattern

  • Classroom Interactions



Assessment factors
Assessment Factors

  • Prior Knowledge

  • Conceptual Development

  • Student Reflection

  • Assessment Type

  • Role of Assessing



Curriculum factors
Curriculum Factors

  • Content Depth

  • Learner Centrality

  • Integration of Content and Investigation

  • Organizing and Recording Information



You and your class
You and Your Class

  • Focus on one indicator for each category (instruction, discourse, assessment, and curriculum) to improve.

  • Make small changes to lessons until you consistently earn at least a proficient.


Further information
Further Information

  • Jeff C. Marshall, Clemson University

    • email: [email protected]

    • website: www.clemson.edu/iim

    • The Science Teacher, April 2009 issue


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