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Film Key Moments Malaspina Great Books zoopraxiscope Invented 1867 – moving photos watched through a slit Motion Pictures Louis Lumiere invented 1896: portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe

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Film

Key Moments

Malaspina Great Books


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zoopraxiscope

Invented 1867 – moving photos watched through a slit


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Motion Pictures

  • Louis Lumiere invented 1896: portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe



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The Great Train Robbery (1903)

  • The first narrative film


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The Perils of Pauline (beginning in 1914)

  • A series of short suspenseful serials


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The Birth of a Nation (1915)

  • The first American epic film


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Intolerance (1916)

  • One of the greatest epic films of all time


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Broken Blossoms (1919)

  • A silent film masterpiece, dealing with controversial subject areas including racial prejudice and child abuse.


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Way Down East (1920)

  • A powerful melodrama starring silent film immortal Lillian Gish.


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The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921)

  • Memorable for the visit of the Four Horsemen - war, conquest, famine, and death


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Orphans of the Storm (1921-2)

  • Set against the backdrop of the French Revolution


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The Covered Wagon (1923)

  • A landmark silent western film.


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Greed (1924)

  • Originally at 10 hours, but severely edited down, one of the masterpieces of the silent era


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The Big Parade (1925)

  • At its time, it was the largest grossing silent film ever. Focus WW I - extremely realistic battle scenes.


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Ben-Hur: A Tale of Christ (1925)

  • First filmed in 1907, this remake cost $2 million at the time, and is one of the most outstanding examples of silent film spectaculars.


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The General (1927)

  • Buster Keaton's silent masterpiece, a great comedy set during the Civil War. The acrobatic stuntwork, Keaton's deadpan expressions, location photography and sight gags are remarkable.


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The Circus (1928)

  • Charlie Chaplin as The Tramp -


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The Virginian (1929)

  • A western film and adaptation of a pulp novel The film is most known for the Virginian's response to a card-game insult - he pulls out his gun, lays it on the card table, and responds: "If you want to call me that, smile."


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All Quiet on the Western Front (1930)

  • Based on the anti-war novel by Erich Maria Remarque and one of the best anti-war films


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Frankenstein (1931)

  • A great horror classic.


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Scarface, the Shame of the Nation (1932)

  • A violent, fast-paced, intense crime/gangster melodrama, the 'first' of the great gangster films.


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I'm No Angel (1933)

  • One of Mae West's funniest films


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She Done Him Wrong (1933)

  • A lusty Gay 90s spoof, with racy dialogue and great one-liners. "Come up sometime 'n see me."


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Of Human Bondage (1934)

  • The first and best film version of Somerset Maugham's tragic, classic literary novel.


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David Copperfield (1935)

  • film adaptation of the Charles Dickens novel


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Modern Times (1936)

  • One of the last great "silent" comedy masterpieces, with music, sound effects, and very limited gibberish dialogue/singing


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The Hurricane (1937)

  • spectacular disaster film set in the South Seas.


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Pygmalion (1938),

  • A delightful romantic comedy, the first film version of George Bernard Shaw's stageplay and screenplay


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Of Mice and Men (1939)

  • A film adaptation of John Steinbeck's Depression-era classic novel


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Turning Points

  • 1940 Disney's groundbreaking Fantasia introduced a "Fantasound" 'stereo-like', multi-channel soundtrack

  • 1940 Citizen Kane: It has been the most highly-regarded film in cinematic history, with many ground-breaking film techniques. The controversial film, banned from advertising in all of Hearst's newspapers, was noted for its creative experiments with sound (i.e., overlapping dialogue and layered sound), for its numerous complex flashbacks (and non-linear storytelling), and for Gregg Toland's cinematography, including innovative camera angles (low-angle shots revealing ceilings), montage, mise-en-scene, deep-focus compositions, tracking shots, whip pans, lengthy takes, and dramatic or expressionistic low-key noirish lighting.


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  • 1941 The first, generally-acknowledged film noir was released, John Huston's The Maltese Falcon.

  • 1942 Tweety Bird

  • 1942-ff Propaganda films

  • 1945 Roberto Rossellini's influential landmark film Open City formally introduced Italian neo-realism, marked by a gritty and realistic post-war film style. Characteristics included the use of on-location cinematography, grainy low-grade black-and-white film stock and untrained actors in improvised scenes.

  • 1945 The rarely-seen film Momotaro: The Holy Soldier of the Sea, financed by (and starring) the Japanese Imperial Navy and directed by Mitsuyo Seo, was the first feature-length anime film ever made.

  • 1955 Blackboard Jungle was the first film to feature a rock-'n'-roll song, "Rock-Around-The-Clock." (sung by Bill Haley and His Comets during the credits). It was the first major Hollywood film to use R&R on its soundtrack. It inspired the next year's popular R&R film, Rock Around the Clock (1956).

  • 1959 New Wave Film: jump cut, the hand-held camera, natural lighting, non-linear storytelling, on-location shootings, and loose, improvised direction and editing.


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  • 1964 Michelangelo Antonioni's and cinematographer Carlo DiPalma's visually-impressive French-Italian co-production Red Desert made spectacular use of the recently-perfected telephoto lens, to create a shallow depth-of-field. It was also Antonioni's first film in color, used in extreme and expressive ways.

  • 1966 After an appeal by Warner Bros., Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf became the first film containing profane expletives and frank sexual content to receive the MPAA's Production Code seal of approval.

  • 1967 Director Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde was promoted with the slogan for its anti-heroes: "They're young. They're in love. They kill people." The anti-establishment, violent film, originally criticized at the time of its release, was aimed at youth audiences by its American auteur and producer/star Warren Beatty.

  • 1967 The first contemporary music (rock 'n roll concert) industry film, Monterey Pop (1968), was filmed at the historic Monterey International Pop Festival in California, featuring such performers as Jimi Hendrix, The Who, The Mamas and the Papas, Janis Joplin, The Who

  • 1968 Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey reinvented the science fiction genre.

  • 1969 Sam Peckinpah's ultra-violent western The Wild Bunch was exceptional for its non-glorification of bloodshed, and its slow-motion, heavily-edited, stylized views of multiple deaths -- it was influential for other filmmakers ranging from Martin Scorsese to John Woo to Quentin Tarantino in years to come.


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  • 1972 The popular, low-budget, adult-oriented, X-rated DiPalma's visually-impressive French-Italian co-production Deep Throat, the second hard-core pornography feature film released in the US (after Behind the Green Door) contributed to the explosion of the porn industry and 'porn chic' by being exhibited in many mainstream film theatres.

  • 1973 The science-fiction classic Westworld was the first movie to make use of "digitized images",

  • 1975 Jim Sharman's The Rocky Horror Picture Show, a film version of the original international stage hit, was a commercial failure when originally released, but has since achieved major cult film status, and has been considered the longest-running 'midnight movie' of all time

  • 1977 Star Wars

  • 1988 Director Martin Scorsese's controversial movie The Last Temptation of Christ opened in nine cities despite objections by some Christians who felt the film was sacrilegious.

  • 1993 Spielberg's Holocaust drama Schindler's List demonstrated the power of the medium to influence audiences and capture the reality of past history.

  • 1994 Director Oliver Stone's controversial work on the media's exploitative precoccupation with violence by following the path of two serial killers on a murder spree, Natural Born Killers, came under critical fire for its own graphic, on-screen violence.


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  • 1995 Danish director Lars von Trier announced the manifesto of the Dogme 95 collective and movement, a return to simplicity in film-making. Ten goals or principles of the collective's 'Vow of Chastity' included on-location shoots, use of hand-held cameras and use of digital-video (DV), an uncredited director, no special effects or fixes in post-production, and no major enhancement of sound or light even on set. This type of film-making stood in sharp contrast to Hollywood's big-budget blockbusters.

  • 1999 The pseudo-documentary, low-budget (budgeted at $22,000), media-savvy cult film The Blair Witch Project, grossed $240 million worldwide

  • 2000 The emerging cinema of China, beginning in the mid-1980s and after (i.e., Zhang Yimou's Raise the Red Lantern (1991) and The Story of Qiu Ju (1992), Chen Kaige's Farewell, My Concubine (1993), and Tian Zhuangzhuang's The Blue Kite (1993)), began to capture critical attention.

  • 2002 The independently-produced romantic comedy My Big Fat Greek Wedding became the most profitable movie of all time, earning more than $240 million at the box office, while costing only about $5 million to make.

  • 2004 Michael Moore's controversial Fahrenheit 9/11 won the top prize, Palme D'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. It also broke the record for highest opening-weekend earnings in the US for a documentary, and established a significant precedent for a political documentary.


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