Energy accounts and environmental economic instruments
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Energy accounts and environmental economic instruments. Viveka Palm, Statistics Sweden. Vienna 2008. Oslo-group [email protected] Ongoing projects with Eurostat grants financing. Sweden:

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Energy accounts and environmental economic instruments

Energy accounts and environmental economic instruments

Viveka Palm, Statistics Sweden. Vienna 2008. Oslo-group

[email protected]

Ongoing projects with Eurostat grants financing.

Sweden:

a) monetary accounts (environmentally motivated and environmentally harmful energy subsidies, Energy costs and investments),

b) methods for international transport energy use

Norway: on reporting of physical energy accounts.


The environmental accounts

The environmental accounts

Environm. statistics

Environmental Accounts

National Accounts


Energyaccounts5830

Three components of SEEA

  • Flows of materials per industry (energy, material, emissions, waste)

  • Economic variables (labour, taxes, subsidies, costs, products and services)

  • Natural resources (stocks, quality, value)


Sectors industries products

Sectors - Industries - Products

Sectors IndustriesProduct/service


Energyaccounts5830

DPSIR-model

Population

Energy use

Industry

Transport

Response

Driving

forces

Laws

Taxes, subsidies

New technology

Emissions

Waste

Impact

Pressure

Bad health

Threatened species

Econ.losses

Physical, chemical and

biological state

Air-, water- and

Land quality

State


Energyaccounts5830

goods

capital

Industries,

government,

households

services

work force

waste

material

emissions

energy


Energyaccounts5830

Regular publishing

  • Energy use per industry and final demand

  • Emissions to air

  • Environmental taxes and subsidies

  • Environmental protection expenditure

  • Chemical product use

  • Waste for selected years

  • Environmental goods and services


Energyaccounts5830

Non-regular publishing

  • Indicators for sustainable development

  • Water-, Land- , Forest accounts

  • Household accounts

  • Decomposition analysis

  • Regional environmental accounts

  • Material flow analysis


Taxes and subsidies in the environmental accounts

Taxes and subsidies in the environmental accounts

  • Subsidies:

  • 1) Product- and other production subsidies

  • 2) Investment grants

Taxes:

1) Product- and other production taxes

2) Other levies (e.g. charges)

3) Tax subsidies


Energy subsidy types

Energy subsidy types

● Direct transfers (to producers, households)

● Public R&D

● Preferential tax treatments

● Loans

● Trade restrictions

● Price controls

● Infrastructure


Environmentally motivated subsidies by industry

Environmentally motivated subsidies by industry


Environmental taxes and subsidies percent of total

Environmental taxes and subsidies – percent of total


Environmental taxes

Environmental taxes

● The OECD and EUROSTAT definition

“…it has been chosen to single out the tax bases that seem to have a particular environmental relevance, and to consider all taxes levied on these tax bases as environmentally related regardless of the motives behind their introduction, their names etc.”


Co2 tax and co2 emissions by industry 2002

CO2 tax and CO2 emissions byindustry (2002)


Energyaccounts5830

Energy tax and fuel use by industry


Seea and basic energy statistics

SEEA and basic energy statistics

  • Time series in focus –and regular revisions of data! How can this be dealt with in the data base planned? Increased quality through cooperation.

  • Transport energy use by industry, not sector

  • Data on renewable energy needed (car fuel e.g.)

  • Small business: enumerating the surveys by industry (NACE), avoiding ‘other’ sector.

  • Different system boundary SNA/air emission statistics: Fuels that are not bought and sold (by-products) are outside of SNA, but in env. stat.

  • Can energy use and air reporting use the same allocation methods? Emissions from processes a separate issue.


Connections to the oslo group work

Connections to the Oslo group work

  • ●Time series in focus –and regular revisions of classifications! How can this be dealt with in the data base planned?

  • ● Data on renewable energy needed

  • ● Small business enumerated by industry

  • Transport energy use by industry, not sector

  • ● Fuels that are not bought and sold, outside of SNA, but in env. stat.

  • ● Energy taxes and subsidies – How will they be reported to the international bodies. A correspondence between SNA reporting and energy reporting?

  • ● A ‘new’ user group: the modelers of environmental -economic instruments


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