Critical theories ii
1 / 13

critical theories ii - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Critical Theories II. Finish Radical/Marxist Currie (Market Society) Colvin (Coercion) . Criticisms of Instrumental Marxist Criminology. An “underdog theory” with little basis in fact Are “socialist societies” any different? Some capitalist countries have low crime rates

Related searches for critical theories ii

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'critical theories ii' - Gabriel

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Critical theories ii l.jpg

Critical Theories II

Finish Radical/Marxist

Currie (Market Society)

Colvin (Coercion)

Criticisms of instrumental marxist criminology l.jpg
Criticisms of Instrumental Marxist Criminology

  • An “underdog theory” with little basis in fact

  • Are “socialist societies” any different?

  • Some capitalist countries have low crime rates

  • Most crime is poor against poor—Marxists ignore the plight of the poor.

Elliott currie l.jpg
Elliott Currie

  • One of the more influential Liberal/Radical voices in the past 25 years

    • Confronting Crime (1985)

    • Crime and Punishment in the U.S. (1998)

  • Response to conservative “punishment works” commentators in 1970s

    • No “root causes” of crime, and even if there was, government couldn’t fix them

    • Only tool the government can use is prison

Currie basics l.jpg
Currie Basics

  • U.S. distinctive in our violent crime rates

  • U.S. also distinctive as a “Market Society”

    • “Mean” capitalism (sink or swim)

    • As compared to “corporate paternalism”

      • Japan (but see, SAS in the United States)

      • “Top Down”

    • Or “compassionate capitalism”

      • Many European countries

      • Strong union (bottom up)

The seven reasons that the market society produces violence l.jpg
The Seven Reasons that the Market Society Produces Violence

1. By “destroying livelihood”

  • By Inherent tendency towards extremes of

    inequality and material deprivation

    3. By weakening other types of public support

    4. By eroding informal support networks

Seven reasons continued l.jpg
Seven reasons continued

  • By exalting brutal individualized competition and consumption over “community” and “productive work”

  • Deregulating the “technology of violence

    7. Weakening or eroding alternative political values

So what is the solution l.jpg
So, what is the solution?

  • Changing Employment

    • Full employment at socially meaningful work at good wages with reasonable hours

      • Integrate individuals into a larger social purpose

      • Stabilizing local communities

      • Reduce the kinds of family stress that put kids at risk for abuse/neglect

    • How?

      • Public and nonprofit sectors

      • Work sharing/reduction of work time

Colvin l.jpg

  • Coercion

    • Combination of Traditional “Control” theory with his notion of “Coercion”

    • Types of control

      • Coercive (punitive, demeaning, etc.)

      • Non-coercive (remunerative, normative)

    • Use of control

      • Consistent or Erratic

Colvin type i l.jpg
Colvin Type I

  • Consistent and Non-coercive

    • Strong social support

    • Mix of remunerative and normative control

  • Social-Psychological Outcomes

    • No modeling of aggression/coercion

    • Strong morals/bonds

    • Low anger, high self control

    • Internal locus of control + high self-efficacy

  • Behavioral Outcomes

    • Non-criminal, non-delinquent

    • Strong tendency towards pro-social behavior

Colvin type ii l.jpg
Colvin – Type II

  • Erratic, Non-coercive

    • Lenient, lax

      • Disinterested controller, use inconsistent remunerative control to manipulate subject (bribe when it suits the controller)

      • Often ignore subjects bad behavior

    • Psychosocial outcomes

      • High self-efficacy, low anger, no coercive modeling

      • Low self-control, “calculative social bond”

    • Behavioral outcomes

      • Explore deviant behaviors, manipulate authority figures, lying, minor street crime, white collar crime

Colvin type iii l.jpg
Colvin – Type III

  • Consistent, Coercive

    • Highly punitive relationship between controller and subordinate

      • Weak social support (threaten to remove)

  • Psychosocial

    • High self-directed anger, rigid control (based on fear), external locus of control, low self-efficacy, weak calculative social bond, strong modeling for coercion

  • Behavioral

    • Low odds of both criminal and pro-social behavior

    • Higher odds of mental illness

    • “Over-controlled” crimes (explosion of violence)

Colvin type iv l.jpg
Colvin – Type IV

  • Erratic, Coercive

    • Highly inconsistent and punitive response to misconduct, no social support

  • Psychosocial

    • High other-directed anger/defiance, low self-control, external locus of control, low self-efficacy, weak/negative/alienated bond, strong coercive modeling

  • Behavioral Outcomes

    • Defiant/hostile towards authority

    • Coercion/intimidation of others

    • Strong potential for chronic predatory criminal

How is this a critical theory l.jpg
How is this a “critical” theory??

  • Coercion used BEYOND parenting—some individuals more apt to see coercion from a variety of sources:

    • Policing in certain neighborhoods (Sherman)

    • Workplaces (esp. shitty jobs)

    • State bureaucracies

  • In U.S., both interpersonal and impersonal coercion are tied to INEQUALITY

    • Inner city kids  coercion in school, peer groups, families, jobs…

    • Policy prescription = supportive social and CJS policies