Organizations as politics
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Organizations as Politics PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Organizations as Politics. Two Definitions of Politics. 1) Organizations as Government 2) Organizations as Political Activity. Organizations as Govt. 1) Politics as Government: Autocracy Bureaucracy Technocracy Codetermination Representative Democracy Direct Democracy.

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Organizations as Politics

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Organizations as politics

Organizations as Politics


Two definitions of politics

Two Definitions of Politics

  • 1) Organizations as Government

  • 2) Organizations as Political Activity


Organizations as govt

Organizations as Govt.

  • 1) Politics as Government:

    • Autocracy

    • Bureaucracy

    • Technocracy

    • Codetermination

    • Representative Democracy

    • Direct Democracy


Politics as government

Politics as Government

  • 1) Historically, what has led to the belief that U.S. organizations should not be ruled by direct democacy or represent. Democracy or co-determination.


Organizations as political activity

Organizations as Political Activity

  • 1) Interests

  • 2) Conflict

  • 3) Power


Interest

Interest

  • Task

  • Career

  • Extra-mural


Conflict

Conflict

  • Conflict will ALWAYS exist.

  • Conflict can be personal, organizational, status-related.

  • Conflict is interpreted by the status of the observer

  • Types of conflict will correspond to a society’s values, goals and norms.


Power

Power

  • Power is used to resolve conflict.

  • Types of Power ---


Types of power

Formal authority

Control of Scarce resources

Use of Org. Rules, structure and reg.

Control of Decision processes

Control of knowledge and information

Control of Boundaries

Ability to cope with uncertainty

Control of Technology

Interpersonal alliances and networks

Control of Counter-orgs.

Symbolism and management of meaning

Gender/Race/Sexuality/ Ability/Age

Structural factors

Power one already has.

Types of Power


Strengths and weaknesses

Strengths and Weaknesses

  • Recognizes that conflict exists.

  • Perhaps makes us see conflict in places it does not truly exist….


What concepts should be used when applying this metaphor

What Concepts Should be Used When Applying This Metaphor?


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