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AI and Robotics Definitions and Ethical Consequences Artificial intelligence (also known as machine intelligence and often abbreviated as AI ) is intelligence exhibited by any manufactured (i.e. artificial ) system.

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AI and Robotics

Definitions and Ethical Consequences


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Artificial intelligence (also known as machine intelligence and often abbreviated as AI) is intelligence exhibited by any manufactured (i.e. artificial) system.

Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology, and bioengineering.


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Alan Turing – Pioneer of AI

  • Wrote “Computing machinery and intelligence” in 1950

  • Created the “Turing Test”


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Turing Test

  • Inspired by the party game known as the “Imitation Game”

    • A man and woman go into separate rooms

    • Guests try to tell them apart by writing questions to them and reading their responses

    • Both the man and woman try to convince the guests that the answers are coming from the woman


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Turing Test

  • The Turing test would test a computer’s capability to perform human-like conversation.

    • If the “guest” couldn’t tell the difference between the human responses and the computers, the “test” was passed by the computer.


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Is the Turing test valid?

  • Is simulating human conversation the same thing as simulating intelligence?

  • A computer could be “intelligent” but might not be able to communicate effectively.

  • Even some humans might not pass the test. It’s difficult to determine who is intelligent.


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Robots and the Rest of Us by Bruce Sterling

  • Sterling addresses the fact that robot ethicists are meeting in the mansion that once belonged to Alfred Nobel.

  • He ascertains that recent automations are challenging human-kind on four fronts


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One – War time

  • Machines that can track and kill by remote control

  • Unmanned roadside bombs are triggered by transmitters designed for radio-controlled toys


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Ethical Questons

  • Who is to be held responsible for an unmanned war crime?

  • Should machines be giving orders?


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Two – Brain Augmentation

  • Machines controlling us

  • A remote-controlled rat was created at SUNY Downstate in Brooklyn

    • Its direction of travel can be determined by a human with a transmitter standing up to 550 yards away.


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Three – Physical Aspects

  • Japanese roboticists are working on walking wheelchairs and mobile arms that manipulate and fetch things for their aging population

  • The elderly person will be controlling these devices.

  • What if the human in control is weak, limited and or senile?


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Four – Social impact

  • Sony created the robot dog, Aibo. It was a commercial success.

  • Qrio won’t be on the shelves soon

    • It is a human-shaped, self-propelled puppet than can walk, talk, pinch and take pictures

    • It has absolutely no ethics “programmed” into it


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Ethical Questions

  • Whom should we fear, the robots or the roboticists?

  • What could robotics/AI “add” to the terrorists arsonals of terror?


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Humanoid with Attitude by Anthony Faiola

  • Hiroshi Kobayashi has invented a cyber-receptionist named Ms. Saya.


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Humanoid with Attitude

  • Mr. Kobayashi told her, “You’re so stupid!”

  • She responds, “Eh?” her face wrinkling into a scowl, “I tell you, I am not stupid!”

  • He claims she has a temper!


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About Ms. Saya

  • She has voice recognition technology that allows 700 verbal responses

  • She also has an infinite number of facial expressions: from joy to dispair, surprise to rage!

  • When her energy is low, she is prone to making mistakes


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The future

  • Officials predict that every household in Japan will have at least one robot by 2015

  • Scientists have dubbed 2005 the “unofficial year of the robot”


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Ethical Questions

  • You’ve already seen where the Patriot Act has impacted our privacy

  • How do you feel about the prospects presented here regarding AI and robotics?

  • Are you excited or anxious about the future?


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Group Assignment

  • Break into groups and answer the questions that are brought up on the following link:

  • http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/13.01/view.html?pg=1


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