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Ancient Greece PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Ancient Greece Crete Crete Island of the Minoans Strongly stratified system Tribute and taxes from pesants Luxury imports of Elites Not militaristic!! Crete cont. No fortifications around the towns No statues depicting warriors Women had high status Mother Goddess (good and evil)

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Ancient Greece

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Ancient greece l.jpg

Ancient Greece


Crete l.jpg

Crete


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Crete

  • Island of the Minoans

  • Strongly stratified system

  • Tribute and taxes from pesants

  • Luxury imports of Elites

  • Not militaristic!!


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Crete cont.

  • No fortifications around the towns

  • No statues depicting warriors

  • Women had high status

    • Mother Goddess (good and evil)

  • Sea Trading people


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How did they fall?

  • Volcano?

  • Title wave?

  • Mainland Greeks taking over?

  • More than likely the latter, (Painting)


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Greek area warfare

  • Around 1600 BCE

    • New a powerful warrior civ. arose in Greece

    • Rich, powerful and warlike elite

      • Gold ornaments

      • Bronze swords

      • Spearheads

      • Knives

      • Axes/Armor etc.


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Mycenae

  • Due to tombs we have evidence of more than 500 villages

    • Mycenae, Tiryns, Athens, Thebes, Gla, and Pylos

  • Encompassed the whole Greek mainland, parts of Asia Minor

    • *No evidence that the city Mycenae ruled all of Greece


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Mycenae


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Mycenaean Civilization

  • Quickly adaptive

  • Strong fortifications

  • Local Kings organized and collected taxes and tributes

    • Local towns, rural districts

    • Produced Bronze, woolen cloth, and agriculture


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Mycenaean Civilization

  • Language

    • Adapted Language from Minoans

      • Linear A --> Linear B

        • Greek dialect

        • Used to keep records


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Decline

  • Did not last long

  • 1200 BCE many cities were sacked

  • 400 years

    • Civilization disappeared

      • Centralized gov’t, literacy, urban life.


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Reasons for Decline

  • Pyramid of lordship

    • Small military elite

  • Overpopulation

  • Fragile agrarian base

  • Overspecialization in crops

  • Internal warfare


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New people inhabit Greece

  • Dorians

  • Dark Ages

    • Primitive culture and society

  • Greeks migrated to Asia Minor

  • Mediterranean area was Greek speaking


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  • Greece is not a geographical area, but a cultural identity!!


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Dark Ages

  • Architecture,

  • urban traditions,

  • writing

  • All disappeared

    • C. 1100- 700 BCE

  • Two Epic Poems written down are some of only evidence from Dark Ages


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Homer

  • Illiad and Odyssey

  • C. 750 BCE

  • Oral story, eventually written down

  • Oral bards (performers)


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Homer cont.

  • Plays were representative of Dark Age society

    • Hero Odysseus --> military Chieftain

  • Local King had authority, but nobility were trying to take place

  • Instability!


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They See the Light

  • Inherited memories of organized urban civilization

  • Gave the inhabitants of Mediterranean world common myths, values, and identity


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