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Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora PowerPoint PPT Presentation

www.cites.org Life Sciences Symposium, WIPO, 26 August 2009 CITES: Wildlife trade regulations Patent Landscaping and Transfer of Technology under Multilateral Environmental Agreements Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora What is CITES?

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www.cites.org

Life Sciences Symposium, WIPO,

26 August 2009

CITES: Wildlife trade regulations

Patent Landscaping and Transfer of Technology under Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora


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What is CITES?


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What is CITES?

  • CITES is an MEA that combines wildlife and trade themes with a legally binding instrument for achieving conservation and sustainable use objectives


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What is CITES?

  • CITES is the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

  • It is also known as the Washington Convention, as it was concluded in Washington D.C.

  • Scientifically based and enforcement oriented

  • Targeted, focused and with implementation in mind.

CITES has been in operation for over 33 years


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What is CITES?

…is relevant to an ever-increasing number of Parties

173

Most recent new Parties:

Cape Verde (2005)Serbia (2006)Montenegro (2007)Solomon Islands (2007)Kyrgyzstan (2007)Oman (2008)


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CITES, trade and property

  • CITES regulates commercial and non-commercial

  • international trade (export, import, re-export, introduction from the sea)

  • in (wild-taken and produced) specimens (live/dead, parts/derivatives) of listed animal and plant species

  • through a system of permits and certificates which are issued only when certain conditions are met (specimen is legally acquired; trade is not detrimental to survival of species), and which must be presented when leaving and entering a country


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CITES

  • CITES documents are standardized for:

    • Format

    • Language & terminology

    • Information

    • Duration of validity

    • Issuance procedures

    • Clearance procedures


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I

II

III

CITES

  • Species subject to CITES regulation are divided amongst three Appendices


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CITES-listed species

3%

  • Appendix I

  • Species threatened with extinction

  • Not to be used for primarilycommercial purposes

  • Almost 530 animal species and some 300 plant species

  • International trade is generally prohibited


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CITES-listed species

92%

  • Appendix II

  • Species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but for which trade must be controlled to avoid their becoming threatened

  • International (commercial) trade is permittedbut regulated

  • More than 4,400 animal species and more than 28,000 plant species


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CITES Technologies& WIPO


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12

CITES & WIPO

How could WIPO and the patent system help mega-biodiversity countries conserve and use, in a sustainable manner, their wildlife resources?


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Wildlife industry and tech-transfer

13

Commodity speculation

Services/Drivers

Ivory

Hunting

Safaris, trophies, falconry, etc.

Souvenirs

Rain-sticks, shells, corals, etc.

Collections

Zoos, museums, botanical gardens, circus, etc.

Pets

Live specimens (reptiles, birds, ornamental fish)

Fashion

Leather industry, cosmetics, wool (vicunas), furs, etc

Healthcare

Natural ingredients, medicinal plants&animals

Housing

Timber (mahogany, ramin, cedar, etc)

Products

Parts and derivatives

Food

Fisheries (Arapaima g.), caviar, meat industry and game meat


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CITES-tech & traditional knowledge

  • Scientific research and traditional knowledge (risk assessments, population surveys, species monitoring by local communities, etc)

  • Production systems (wild, captive-breeding, ranching, artificial propagation, hybrids, genetics, etc)

  • Information systems (e-permitting, communications, market information)

  • Control systems (timber and fish industries tracking systems, microchips, satellites, DNA profiling, forensic technologies e.g. species identification)


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Successtories


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1970’s =less than 5,000 vicunas

Today = vicunas no longer at risk, fiber products patented


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1970’s = survival of all 23 species at risk

Today = 16 species no longer at risk


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Thank you

  • Juan Carlos VasquezLegal officerCITES SecretariatGeneva, Switzerlandemail: [email protected]


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