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Order of Malta Ambulance Corps Foundational Level First Aid Welcome Casualty Assessment & Accident Scene Management Aim

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Order of Malta Ambulance Corps Foundational Level First Aid

Welcome

Casualty Assessment & Accident Scene Management

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Aim

The overall aim of this session is to introduce the student to Emergency First Aid Skills for use in their daily lives. Emphasis will be placed on practising Emergency First Aid Skills required to deal with emergency situations. In this introductory session emphasis will be placed upon Casualty Assessment and Accident Scene Management

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Objectives

At the end of this session the student will be able to:

  • Explain the importance of Accident Scene Management and Casualty Assessment

  • Explain the importance of a provisional diagnosis and seeking further assistance

  • Competently apply to a casualty the large and elevation arm slings, with reef knots

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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In 2005/06 a total of 134 people died on NI roads.

There were 5098 injury collisions.

1115 people were seriously injured & 7128 slightly injured.

In 2005/06 8377 people injured on NI roads as a result of an accident.

In 2004/05 this figure was 8746.

In 2003/04 this was 10,422.

Did You Know?

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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In 2004/05 a total of 2.0 million people were suffering from an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

A total of 576,000 occurred in 2005.

363,000 people were reported injured at work

220 Workers were killed in 2004/05

361 members of the public in the work place were fatally injured also.

150,559 other injuries occurred at work.

Did You Know?

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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First Aid an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

First Aidis the skilled application of accepted principles of treatment on the occurrence of an accident or illness using facilities or materials available at the time.

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Medical Aid an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

Medical aid is aid given by a doctor or under the supervision of a doctor. Note first aid is not a substitute for Medical Aid, nor for the need for further help. Remember a little done well will always be better than a whole lot done wrong

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Principles of First Aid an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

  • Preserve life

  • Promote recovery

  • Prevent deterioration

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Responsibilities of A First Aider an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

ASSESS THE SITUATION.

Look at the whole scene before getting involved in it.

MAKE THE AREA SAFE.

Remove/Eliminate Dangers if possible.

TREAT ALL CASUALTIES.

Assess each casualty and treat as required.

GET HELP.

Remove the casualty to hospital if necessary

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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The Primary Survey an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

  • Danger

  • Response

  • Airway

  • Breathing

  • Circulation

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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The Primary Survey for Trauma Victim an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

  • Danger

  • Response

  • Airway

  • Cervical Spine

  • Breathing

  • Circulation

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Diagnosis an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

In order to make a diagnosis the first aider requires three pieces of vital information.

  • History Ask what happened, ask casualty if you can and bystanders

  • Signs What can you see, hear, smell or feel

  • Symptoms, What does the casualty feel

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Action at an Emergency an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

Approach

Dangers

Take Care

Assess the Situation

Scene Safety

Self Safety

Assess the Casualties

Emergency Aid Get Help

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Information for Ambulance Control an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

  • Your telephone number

  • Exact location of accident, report any dangers that may be evident at the scene and give directions if necessary

  • Indication of type and seriousness of incident

  • The number, gender and approximate ages of the casualty or casualties

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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Patient Report an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work.

rName and Address

rTime Of Incident

rLocation of Incident

rHistory

rInjury Description

rVital Signs

ØLevel of Response

ØPulse

ØBreathing

rDiagnosis of Injury

rTreatment Given

rDisposal

©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps


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