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Learning Styles Characteristics

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2. Learner Readiness

3. Instructional Relationships

5. Learning Style Defined Learning Style - ?the composite of characteristics cognitive, affective, and physiological factors that serve as relatively stable indicators of how a learner perceives, interacts with, and responds to the learning environment? (Keefe, 1979)

6. So What is a Learning Style? Preferred way a student processes information. Refers to individual differences in how we perceive, think, solve problems, learn, and relate to others (Witkin, Moore, Goodenough, and Cox 1977)

7. Who?s Got the Right Style? INFORMAL Felder & Soloman Sensory Approach Keirsey - Personality Baxter Magolda Gregoric Mind Styles Witkin Perry Model Dunn & Dunn Kolb - Experiential Grasha Belenky Gardner - Multiple Intelligences Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Group Embedded Figures Test - GEFT

8. First Things First A number of things must be considered before a student?s learning style can be an effective tool: Students? and Teacher?s Personality Students? and Teacher?s Brain Dominance Students? and Teacher?s Learning Style Students? and Teacher?s Intelligences

9. Understanding Yourself and Others Personality Profile by: Anita Reed

10. Personality Profile There are no ?right? or ?wrong? or ?good or ?bad? answers! If you score 9 or 10 or above, you are strong or high in that personality color. If you score 3, 2, or 1, you do not usually exhibit those personality characteristics If you score a split such as 7-7-7-8, you have a wonderful combination or could be termed ?wishy-washy?.

11. Personality Categories People Task

12. RED Characteristics Descriptive Word: action Key Words: direct, frank, blunt, determined, want to win, goal- oriented, high energy Jobs: work-a-holics, CEO, bottom-line Swing Set: Beat it to fit! Relationship: I married you didn?t I Activities: skiing, golf, sports cars

13. YELLOW Characteristics Descriptive Word: friendly Key Words: social, optimist, talk to anyone, happy, helper Jobs: PR, sales people, Wal-Mart greeter Swing Set: Let?s have a party! Relationship: extravagant Activities: team sports, vans, group activities

14. GREEN Characteristics Descriptive Word: organized Key Words: control, detail, precise, conservative, do it right Jobs: IRS, accountants, maids, Swing Set: Follow the instructions Relationships: structured Activities: score keepers, practical cars, thrifty vacations

15. BLUE Characteristics Descriptive Word: misunderstood Key Words: sensitive, creative, artistic, affectionate Jobs: plumbers, artists, musicians Swing Set: creative twist Relationship: romantic, long walks, very loyal Activities: non-conflict, bird watching, pick-up or jeep

16. How do we use personalities as agricultural science teachers?

17. Brain Dominance Attributes Left vs Right

18. Characteristics of Left Work alone Step by step Details One task at time Independent Prefers options Not easily distracted Does not mind criticism Likes to organize assignments Likes individual competition Analyze problems-then make decision

19. What they like to ask? Does spelling count? Should I skip lines? What are you really looking for? What comes first? Please check my work before I hand it in. Will this be on the test?

20. Characteristics of Right Read overall idea, skip details Need to understand Write whole essay before the outline Let someone else go first Team competition Hard to take criticism Working with others Likes reward or verbal praise Often answers ?It depends? Work on different things at same time

21. What they like to ask? Why are we doing this? Not now! I?ll do it later I need a break Don?t touch things piled on my desk, I know where everything is. Let?s work on two projects Why can?t I skip around in the book?

22. Multiple Intelligences What constitutes an intelligent person? What people are considered to be the most intelligent?

23. ?we are not all the same, we do not all have the same kinds of minds, and education works most effectively for most individuals if?human differences are taken seriously? (Gardner, 1995, p. 208)

24. Multiple Intelligences Based on Gardner?s theory (1983) Based on notion that intelligence, based on IQ testing, is far too limited Proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential Theory suggests multiple ways the content may be taught to facilitate learning

26. Tend to think more conceptually and abstractly and often see patterns and relationships that others miss. Like to conduct experiments, to solve puzzles and other problems Enjoy working with numbers and math formulas Love the challenge of a complex problem to solve Uses numbers, math, and logic to find and understand various patterns Begin with concrete patterns in the real world, but gets increasingly abstract as try to understand the relationships among patterns

27. Represents the knowing that occurs through shapes, images, patterns, and designs we see Also includes the images we are able to conjure in our heads Tend to think in images and pictures Very aware of objects, shapes, colors, and patterns Like to draw, paint, and make interesting designs and patterns Love to work jigsaw puzzles, read maps, and find their way around new places

28. Learning by doing Knowing happens through physical movement and through the knowing of our physical body Tend to have a keen sense of body awareness Like physical movement, making things with hands, role playing Like physical games Like to demonstrate how to do something Find it difficult to sit still for long periods of time

29. Knowing that happens through sound and vibration Deals with the whole realm of sound, tones, beats, and vibrational patterns Very sensitive to sounds in the environment Study and work better with music in the background Skilled at mimicking sounds, language accents, and speech patterns

30. Knowing what occurs in and through our encounters with the natural world Involves species discernment, communion with the natural world, and ability to recognize and classify various fauna Have a profound love for the outdoors, animals, and plants Fascinated by and noticeably affected by weather, changing leaves, sound of the wind, warm sun, or an insect in the room Have an affinity with respect for all living beings

31. The person-to-person way of knowing Knowing what happens when we work with and relate to people Develops a whole range of social skills Learn through personal interactions Have lots of friends Love team activities ?Pull your own weight? Sensitive to people?s feelings and ideas

32. Self-reflective abilities Introspective intelligence Want to know the meaning, purpose, and significance of things Involves awareness of the inner world Like to work alone Self-reflective and self-aware In tune with inner feelings Bear creative wisdom Strong willed, self-confident, and have well-thought out opinions on almost any issue

33. Knowing that which comes through the language Understands the order and meaning of words Have highly developed skills for reading, speaking, and writing Like various kinds of literature, playing word games, debating, and creative writing Love learning new words Comprehension of anything read is high

34. Learning Styles The Receptive, Processing & Expressive Approach

35. Receptive Learning Styles What is your preferred method of receiving information? Auditory Visual Kinesthetic

36. Processing Learning Style Once information is received, how does the learner process it? Random Sequential Random/Seqential

37. Expressive Learning Style One a learner receives and processes information, how is it expressed? Movement Creativity Writing Thinking Speaking

38. Multiple Methods & Brain Physiology The basics of Neurophysiology: Neurons Axons Dendrites Synaptic Gaps Milan (?Mo Milan = Mo Better?)


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