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2. Learner Readiness
3. Instructional Relationships
5. Learning Style Defined Learning Style -
“the composite of characteristics cognitive, affective, and physiological factors that serve as relatively stable indicators of how a learner perceives, interacts with, and responds to the learning environment” (Keefe, 1979)
6. So What is a Learning Style? Preferred way a student processes information.
Refers to individual differences in how we perceive, think, solve problems, learn, and relate to others (Witkin, Moore, Goodenough, and Cox 1977)
7. Who’s Got the Right Style? INFORMAL
Felder & Soloman
Keirsey - Personality
Gregoric Mind Styles
Perry Model Dunn & Dunn
Kolb - Experiential
Gardner - Multiple Intelligences
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Group Embedded Figures Test - GEFT
8. First Things First A number of things must be considered before a student’s learning style can be an effective tool:
Students’ and Teacher’s Personality
Students’ and Teacher’s Brain Dominance
Students’ and Teacher’s Learning Style
Students’ and Teacher’s Intelligences
9. Understanding Yourself and Others Personality Profile by: Anita Reed
10. Personality Profile There are no “right” or “wrong” or “good or “bad” answers!
If you score 9 or 10 or above, you are strong or high in that personality color.
If you score 3, 2, or 1, you do not usually exhibit those personality characteristics
If you score a split such as 7-7-7-8, you have a wonderful combination or could be termed “wishy-washy”.
11. Personality Categories People
12. RED Characteristics Descriptive Word: action
Key Words: direct, frank, blunt, determined, want to win, goal- oriented, high energy
Jobs: work-a-holics, CEO, bottom-line
Swing Set: Beat it to fit!
Relationship: I married you didn’t I
Activities: skiing, golf, sports cars
13. YELLOW Characteristics Descriptive Word: friendly
Key Words: social, optimist, talk to anyone, happy, helper
Jobs: PR, sales people, Wal-Mart greeter
Swing Set: Let’s have a party!
Activities: team sports, vans, group activities
14. GREEN Characteristics Descriptive Word: organized
Key Words: control, detail, precise, conservative, do it right
Jobs: IRS, accountants, maids,
Swing Set: Follow the instructions
Activities: score keepers, practical cars, thrifty vacations
15. BLUE Characteristics Descriptive Word: misunderstood
Key Words: sensitive, creative, artistic, affectionate
Jobs: plumbers, artists, musicians
Swing Set: creative twist
Relationship: romantic, long walks,
Activities: non-conflict, bird watching, pick-up or jeep
16. How do we use personalities as agricultural science teachers?
17. Brain Dominance Attributes Left vs Right
18. Characteristics of Left Work alone
Step by step
One task at time
Not easily distracted Does not mind criticism
Likes to organize assignments
Likes individual competition
Analyze problems-then make decision
19. What they like to ask? Does spelling count?
Should I skip lines?
What are you really looking for?
What comes first?
Please check my work before I hand it in.
Will this be on the test?
20. Characteristics of Right Read overall idea, skip details
Need to understand
Write whole essay before the outline
Let someone else go first
Team competition Hard to take criticism
Working with others
Likes reward or verbal praise
Often answers “It depends”
Work on different things at same time
21. What they like to ask? Why are we doing this?
Not now! I’ll do it later
I need a break
Don’t touch things piled on my desk, I know where everything is.
Let’s work on two projects
Why can’t I skip around in the book?
22. Multiple Intelligences What constitutes an intelligent person? What people are considered to be the most intelligent?
23. “we are not all the same, we do not all have the same kinds of minds, and education works most effectively for most individuals if…human differences are taken seriously” (Gardner, 1995, p. 208)
24. Multiple Intelligences Based on Gardner’s theory (1983)
Based on notion that intelligence, based on IQ testing, is far too limited
Proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential
Theory suggests multiple ways the content may be taught to facilitate learning
26. Tend to think more conceptually and abstractly and often see patterns and relationships that others miss.
Like to conduct experiments, to solve puzzles and other problems
Enjoy working with numbers and math formulas
Love the challenge of a complex problem to solve Uses numbers, math, and logic to find and understand various patterns
Begin with concrete patterns in the real world, but gets increasingly abstract as try to understand the relationships among patterns
27. Represents the knowing that occurs through shapes, images, patterns, and designs we see
Also includes the images we are able to conjure in our heads
Tend to think in images and pictures Very aware of objects, shapes, colors, and patterns
Like to draw, paint, and make interesting designs and patterns
Love to work jigsaw puzzles, read maps, and find their way around new places
28. Learning by doing
Knowing happens through physical movement and through the knowing of our physical body Tend to have a keen sense of body awareness
Like physical movement, making things with hands, role playing
Like physical games
Like to demonstrate how to do something
Find it difficult to sit still for long periods of time
29. Knowing that happens through sound and vibration
Deals with the whole realm of sound, tones, beats, and vibrational patterns Very sensitive to sounds in the environment
Study and work better with music in the background
Skilled at mimicking sounds, language accents, and speech patterns
30. Knowing what occurs in and through our encounters with the natural world
Involves species discernment, communion with the natural world, and ability to recognize and classify various fauna Have a profound love for the outdoors, animals, and plants
Fascinated by and noticeably affected by weather, changing leaves, sound of the wind, warm sun, or an insect in the room
Have an affinity with respect for all living beings
31. The person-to-person way of knowing
Knowing what happens when we work with and relate to people
Develops a whole range of social skills Learn through personal interactions
Have lots of friends
Love team activities
“Pull your own weight”
Sensitive to people’s feelings and ideas
32. Self-reflective abilities
Want to know the meaning, purpose, and significance of things
Involves awareness of the inner world Like to work alone
Self-reflective and self-aware
In tune with inner feelings
Bear creative wisdom
Strong willed, self-confident, and have well-thought out opinions on almost any issue
33. Knowing that which comes through the language
Understands the order and meaning of words Have highly developed skills for reading, speaking, and writing
Like various kinds of literature, playing word games, debating, and creative writing
Love learning new words
Comprehension of anything read is high
34. Learning Styles The Receptive, Processing & Expressive Approach
35. Receptive Learning Styles What is your preferred method of receiving information?
36. Processing Learning Style Once information is received, how does the learner process it?
37. Expressive Learning Style One a learner receives and processes information, how is it expressed?
38. Multiple Methods & Brain Physiology The basics of Neurophysiology:
Milan (“Mo Milan = Mo Better”)