I. relational theories (Platonic theories) Knowledge has a foundation There are basic objects and facts Objects: The Sierra Facts: That Cicero is an orator That-p The fact that-p The fact that Cicero is an orator Relational theories: linguistic events have a special relation to facts
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A is juxtaposed with B
the walker with a torch
The sadness in Smith’s face
Area A represents the private world of visual space, Area B represents the public world of physical space
F1 is a fact about the book: “loved by everyone” The LE is M
Two essential features:
(b) getting at the facts, getting at the Truth, MIB fashion
The person in pursuit of the almighty dollar
X is the tallness to which ‘tallness’ refers, (a) the referential relation, (b) the relation of having
See tall Tom dunk!
Constituents of Fact, F1, are Tom and Tallness
F1, the fact Tallness Tom with constituents
The One over the many, the instances of the one
Lycan’s version: each A has its own personal green, so we generate Bradley’s puzzle.
The real version: there is only one Green
(a) is juxtaposed with (b)
Jones represents the fact that S1 is next to S2.
As before, Jones gets at R1, juxtaposition, the two items, S1 and S2 stand in the relation
Q, “being a quality” as a higher order quality of triangularity.
(a) is not (b) but we can’t get at notness, c. Parmenides problem.
Notness isn’t weather that is not sunny.
Jones said, “I can see his negativity but my metaphysical microscope cannot detect any notness.”
We might argue that we are born with the innate ability, a, to think and talk about the rectangle, b. The ability is actualized by the experience, c, of the rectangular item.
We find a triangle, T1, the character of being three-sided, C1, and the character of having three angles, C2.
We find the intersubjective domain of meaning and the domain of the absolutely objective. The latter is whatever it is entirely independent of what we say or think. The domain of meanings is a function of what humans do.
(a) Is the content of a thought, A or B, and (b) is the thinking.
Descartes: a nexus exists between A and B, a tie, or link (vinculum).
A thinking with a content: act-content
The representation points toward and object, it “intends” it
Notice that in the diagram here, the natures are contained in separate contents – unlike the previous diagram
The sentence ‘God necessarily exists’ is parasitic upon the proposition (meanable with sentential form) that God necessarily exists. The latter exemplifies a connection between perfection, God, and Existence – “knowing” in its finest hour.