How sweet it is cinnamon spices and diabetes
Download
1 / 22

How Sweet It Is - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 357 Views
  • Updated On :

How Sweet It Is! Cinnamon, Spices and Diabetes Catherine M. Champagne, PhD, RD Pennington Biomedical Research Center Focus of presentation: Cinnamon Health benefits of cinnamon R esearch A little is good, is more better? How to incorporate cinnamon in your diet

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'How Sweet It Is' - Faraday


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
How sweet it is cinnamon spices and diabetes l.jpg

How Sweet It Is!Cinnamon, Spices and Diabetes

Catherine M. Champagne, PhD, RD

Pennington Biomedical Research Center


Focus of presentation l.jpg
Focus of presentation:

  • Cinnamon

    • Health benefits of cinnamon

    • Research

    • A little is good, is more better?

    • How to incorporate cinnamon in your diet

  • Additional foods of interest (spices, herbs, other)

  • Summary


Cinnamon l.jpg
Cinnamon

  • Native to Sri Lanka

  • Dried inner bark of a variety of evergreen tree

  • In ancient times, more precious than gold

  • Stick or powdered


Benefits of cinnamon l.jpg
Benefits of cinnamon

  • Can decrease high fasting glucose by making body cells more sensitive to insulin

  • As little at ¼ teaspoon can reduce blood sugar significantly

  • Evidence that cinnamon slows digestion, which can affect the blood sugar rise after a meal

  • May also reduce:

    • heart rate

    • blood pressure

    • body temperature


Slide5 l.jpg

  • 1 tsp cinnamon = 2.6 grams

  • Study of subjects taking 2-6 grams per day:

    • Nearly all with diabetes showed substantial improvement

    • Connection between cinnamon & diabetes was there because when cinnamon stopped, blood sugar levels began rising

  • So cinnamon can be regular part of lifestyle and with additional benefits:

    • Response to insulin more efficient

    • Contains polyphenols, powerful antioxidants

    • Anti-inflammatory and can help to prevent cancer


How much is too much l.jpg
How much is too much?

  • May be dangerous if taken in large quantities over a long period of time

    • Some cinnamon (Chinese or cassia cinnamon) contains a compound, coumarin. In excess, this can harm the liver of sensitive people. It also may interact with blood thinners such as Coumadin (warfarin) to increase the risk of bleeding.

    • Two tablespoons of cinnamon daily is a very big dose. You should have your liver enzymes checked when you see your doctor. People who use cinnamon to help lower blood sugar take one-quarter to one-half of a teaspoon before meals.

    • Cassia cinnamon is not labeled with the amount of coumarin it contains, making it hard to know what dose one is getting.

  • Consuming ¼ - ½ teaspoons per day is not harmful


Adding cinnamon to your diet l.jpg
Adding cinnamon to your diet

  • Add a cinnamon stick to:

    • Tea

    • Coffee

    • Apple cider or juice

    • Cocoa

  • Sprinkle cinnamon on:

    • Oatmeal

    • Yogurt

    • Baked apples or applesauce

    • Toast (cinnamon toast)

    • Pudding


More recipes and information on cinnamon research l.jpg
More recipes and information on cinnamon research

  • For additional recipes, make sure you get a handout with these.

  • And for more information about cinnamon, visit the following website:

  • http://care.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/content/full/26/12/3215 <-- has really good, understandable information.


Other spices and foods that have been studied for diabetes l.jpg
Other spices and foods that have been studied for diabetes

  • Russian tarragon

  • Ginseng

  • Fenugreek seed

  • Gymnema sylvestre

  • Garlic

  • Nopal or prickly pear cactus

  • Ivy gourd

  • Aloe vera


Russian tarragon artemisia dracunculus l.jpg
Russian Tarragon(Artemisia dracunculus)

  • Common medicinal and culinary herb.

  • An extract, Tarralin, may work by blocking an enzyme which would improve insulin efficiency.

  • Studies in mice have been promising.

  • This is just beginning to be investigated in humans, so it cannot now be recommended….stay tuned!!!


Ginseng panax quinquefolius or panax ginseng l.jpg
Ginseng (Panaxquinquefolius or Panax ginseng)

  • Used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years.

  • May have possible hypoglycemic effects:

    • Decreasing rate of carbohydrate absorption

    • Increasing blood sugar transport and storage

    • Increasing insulin secretion

  • Clinical trials with American ginseng but short term and few subjects.


Ginseng panax quinquefolius l.jpg
Ginseng (Panaxquinquefolius)

  • Known side effects of large doses and long-term use

    • Diarrhea

    • Insomnia

    • Nervousness

    • Nausea and vomiting

  • Until longer-term studies are conducted, cannot firmly recommend its use at this time.


Fenugreek seed trigonella foenum graecum l.jpg
Fenugreek Seed(Trigonellafoenum-graecum)

  • Member of pea family.

  • Traditionally used in India to treat diabetes – insulin like effect.

  • Widely cultivated in other parts of the world for treatment of diabetes.

  • To date, trials with humans have been small and are inconclusive.

  • Common problems:

    • diarrhea and gas

    • may absorb oral medications

    • blood thinning potential


Gymnema sylvestre l.jpg
GymnemaSylvestre

  • Herb from tree native to Africa and India, long used to treat diabetes.

  • May improve blood sugar uptake in tissues, increase insulin secretion and increase the number of cells in the pancreas that make insulin.

  • Limited research on poorly controlled scientific studies make it hard to recommend this herb!!


Garlic allium sativum l.jpg
Garlic (Alliumsativum)

  • Used as a medicinal herb for centuries.

  • Compounds in garlic (allicins) may increase secretion or slow degradation of insulin or improve glucose storage ability in the body.

  • For diabetes, there are few studies and findings are conflicting.

  • Safety not an issue, but jury is still out on the true benefits!!


Bitter melon momordica charantia aka vegetable insulin l.jpg
Bitter melon (Momordicacharantia)aka “vegetable insulin”

  • Grows in tropical and subtropical climates (Asia, Africa, South America); widely used in folk medicine as a remedy for diabetes

  • Clinical trials have shown a moderate blood sugar-lowering effect. Small studies, perhaps dubious value

  • But… hard to find and bitter! May have gastrointestinal discomfort.


Nopal or prickly pear cactus opuntia streptacantha l.jpg
Nopal or Prickly Pear Cactus(Opuntiastreptacantha)

  • Commonly used by people of Mexican descent for glucose control.

  • Part of soups, salads, sandwiches and blended in drinks in traditional Mexican diet.

  • High pectin may regulate blood glucose.

  • May have potential, but longer-term clinical trials needed.

  • Some mild gastrointestinal upset, but appears to be well tolerated.


Ivy gourd coccinia grandis l.jpg
Ivy Gourd (Cocciniagrandis)

  • Used in India to treat diabetes, long history of use; has low glycemic index.

  • May mimic insulin and may suppress activity of enzymes in glucose production.

  • While some studies have been promising, they are few.

  • There is a need for more studies with more subjects before we can recommend supplementation.


Aloe vera l.jpg
Aloe Vera

  • Aloe juice widely used in India and on the Arabian peninsula to treat diabetes.

  • Contains a fiber that may drive down blood sugar and make cells more sensitive to insulin.

  • Do not take if you have any sort of intestinal condition (Crohn’s, ulcerative colitis, etc.).

  • More information needed before recommendations can be made (i.e., clinical trials with scientific integrity).



So what have we learned l.jpg
So what have we learned?

  • It’s all about science and finding the science to back up the claims.

  • What does it take? Long term studies, lots of subjects, strictly controlled.

  • Can we try any of these options presented? Sure, just make certain that the amounts consumed are not going to harm you in any way!!

  • Any other ideas?

    • Move to India, China, Africa, or somewhere else where these have been used traditionally to treat diabetes!!



ad