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Literacy and L2 in the Low Countries. Flanders: Els Maton, Tania Menten, Inge Schuurmans Netherlands: Ineke van de Craats, Jeanne Kurvers, Willemijn Stockmann. Dutch as ‘world’ language. Varieties of Dutch The Netherlands: 16 million

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Literacy and L2 in the Low Countries

Flanders: Els Maton, Tania Menten, Inge Schuurmans

Netherlands: Ineke van de Craats, Jeanne Kurvers, Willemijn Stockmann


Dutch as world language
Dutch as ‘world’ language

Varieties of Dutch

  • The Netherlands: 16 million

  • Northern part of Belgium: Flanders 6 million

  • Surinam, former Dutch colony

  • Dutch Carribean Islands

  • Afrikaans, South Africa

  • Small part of Northern France


Dual presentation

Flanders

Netherlands

Dual presentation


Main ethnic minorities from

Morrocco

Turkey

Congo

Italy

Several East European countries

Several (North)African countries

Several Azian countries

Several Middle East countries

Turkey

Morrocco

Surinam

Iraq

Afghanistan

Iran

Several African countries

Main ethnic minorities from


Leslla population
Leslla population

  • Nearly all illiterates and low-educated second language learners under citizenship policy.

  • Therefore:

    • Information about citizenship policy

    • Information about Literacy Dutch L2

    • Pairwise for Flanders and Netherlands


Citizenship legislation

Federal law on non-nationals (Belgium)

Law on citizenship 2006

Civil orientation (settling policy) ≠ naturalization

Law on non-nationals (Act on settlement)

One condition: passing exam DL2 and Knowledge of Dutch Society

WIB (Immigration Act)

Before arrival

WI (Act on Citizenship)

After arrival

Citizenship: Legislation


Citizenship program

Knowledge of Dutch Society

History, politics, geography, health, education, job market and work

Individual coaching

Orientation on vocational, educational and social level

Dutch L2

A1 oral and written

Knowledge of Dutch Society

History, geography, health, education, job market and work

Dutch L2

New arrivals: A2 o+w

Long term residents: A2 oral, A1 written

Practicing functional competence in Dutch

Citizenship: Program


Citizenship requirements

No exam

Exam Home country

Dutch L2: oral A1-

Knowledge Dutch Society

Phone test

Citizenship: Requirements


Citizenship exams

No exam

Centre for civil integration (settlement policy) grants certificate in case of frequent attendance

Exam WI

Practice test with portfolio and/or assessment

Dutch L2 (phone test plus computer test)

Knowledge of Dutch Society (computer test)

Citizenship: Exams


Citizenship who pays

Government:

Ministry of Education & Work pays:

Dutch L2

orientation on professional level

Ministry of Civil Integration (settlement policy) pays:

Social integration, individual coaching and orientation on educational & social level

New arrivals:

Compulsory attendance: pay safeguard

Voluntary attendance: pay a part

In principle: newcomer pays own citizenship courses unless

they belong to a specific group,

local authorities pay for

caretakers

jobless

Citizenship: Who pays ?



We sent them to the minister
We sent them to the minister

Thanks

The Netherlands for everyzing I am allowed to learn


Literacy dl2 positioning in context cefr

Framework DL2 and literacy DL2 based on the CEFR of Languages, levels:

- 1.1. Breakthrough

1.2. Waystage

Framework DL2

Portfolio Dutch L2

Framework Literacy DL2

Portfolio Dutch L2

Literacy DL2: Positioning in Context CEFR


Literacy dl2 participants

Mainly from Languages, levels:

Morocco (Berbers)

Afghanistan

Iraq

Ghana

Sierra Leone

Thailand

Turkey

Congo

Burundi

Literacy DL2: participants


Literacy dl2 intake

Houses of Dutch: Languages, levels:

Cognitive intake test for

literate L2 learners

Refer to schools

Schools:

- Intake talk about expectations, aims and obligations

- Intake tests (differ per school)

Intake interview about expectations, aims and obligations

Intake tests

TIWI

Intake tests for illiterates and low- educated L2 learners

Literacy DL2: Intake


Dl2 aims and framework

Framework DL2 Languages, levels:

Level 1.1 (A1)

3 modules for civic integration (180 h)

4 modules for others (240 h)

Level 1.2 (A2)

3 modules (240 h)

Key skills

Attitudes

Learning and communication strategies

Framework DL2

5 levels: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1

Oral (listening, speaking, conversation)

Written (reading and writing)

Functional aims

DL2: Aims and Framework


Literacy dl2 aims and framework

Framework Literacy DL2 Languages, levels:

Level 1.1 (A1)

10 modules (600 h)

Level 1.2 (A2)

6 modules (360 h)

Key skills

Attitudes

Learning- and communication strategies

Framework Literacy DL2

3 levels: A, B, C(=A1)

Oral (listening, speaking, conversation

Written (reading and writing)

Functional skills

Technical skills

Literacy DL2: Aims and Framework


Literacy courses dl2 content

Functional written Dutch in personal context Languages, levels:

Decoding skills and fluency

Functional oral skills

Vocabulary

Functional speech acts

Literacy courses DL2: Content


Literacy dl2 perspectives

Vocational perspective Languages, levels:

Social perspective

Educational perspective

Work

OGO

Education

Health care

Upbringing

Literacy DL2: Perspectives


Literacy dl2 course material

Reading and writing course material: Languages, levels:

ready-made programs

computer-assisted

Course materials oral Dutch:

Self-made material

Ready-made material

Reading and writing course material:

ready-made programs; textbooks

computer-assisted

Course material oral Dutch

Authentic documents

Portfolio L2 Literacy

Methodology

- code-related

- functional

Literacy DL2: Course Material


Literacy dl2 teacher qualifications

No specific Languages, levels:L2 qualification

Degree higher education or university with teaching qualification

Specific certificate for others without teaching qualification but with experience

No specific L2 qualification

Qualification for primary education (general)

Qualified teacher of languages secondary education

Specific certificate for others without teaching qualification but with experience

Literacy DL2:Teacher qualifications


Literacy dl2 evaluation and assessment

No exam in civil integration (settlement policy) Languages, levels:

No standardized exams for literacy DL2

Emphasis on permanent evaluation

‘ Inburgeringstoets’

Test of Citizenship: Dutch L2

Portfolio Literacy DL2

Checklists/dossier

Literacy DL2: Evaluation and Assessment


Kwaku s first letter
Kwaku’s first letter Languages, levels:


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