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Elements of Debate. Hence, for all practical purposes, the term proof means those items of evidence and reasoning which tend to make an audience agree with the assertions. The Debater’s Guide. Propositions.

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elements of debate

Elements of Debate

Hence, for all practical purposes, the term proof means those items of evidence and reasoning which tend to make an audience agree with the assertions.

The Debater’s Guide

propositions
Propositions
  • A judgment expressed in a declarative statement. In a debate it appears as an affirmative statement of the question to be resolved.
    • Question: Should UNCW have a football team?
    • Proposition: Resolved: UNCW should have a football team.
types of propositions
Types of Propositions
  • Proposition of Fact: that a fact is/is not true or that an event did/did not take place
  • Proposition of Value: makes an evaluation or judgment about an issue or event based on criteria
  • Proposition of Policy: declares that a certain action should or should not be taken
issues
Issues
  • Issues: a conclusion that must be proven in order to establish that a proposition be adopted
    • Issues arise when there is an actual or anticipated clash between two or more claims
    • Issues can arise around facts, values or policies
arguments
Arguments
  • An assertion that implies and demonstrates the result of reasoning or proof.
    • Reasoning
    • Evidence
    • Toulmin’s Model
toulmin s model
Toulmin’s Model

Data/Grounds

Claim

Warrant

Qualifier

Backing

Rebuttal

evidence
Evidence
  • Evidence: matters of fact or opinion offered as support or proof of assertions advanced in the debate
    • Types of Evidence
    • Qualities of Evidence
definitions
Definitions
  • “Definitions, then, are not just meanings of words we look up in dictionaries. Definitions are kinds of arguments, and they have serious consequences for the direction as well as the destination of any practical reasoning.” Corbett and Eberly : The Elements of Reasoning.
types of definitions
Types of Definitions
  • Formal
  • Common Usage
  • Authority
  • Example
  • Operational
  • Functional
  • Negation
  • Comparison/Contrast
presumption
Presumption
  • Presumption: a statement or belief that is granted without argument
    • Technical presumption
    • Conventional presumption
    • Ideal and Real
the level of dispute
The Level of Dispute
  • What aspects of the case are beneath the “level of dispute”?

Claim

Reasoning

Evidence

application
Application
  • Work with a partner to diagram and complete a Toulmin model for one of the following claims:
    • Wikepedia is a viable source for our debates.
    • Wikepedia is not a viable source for our debates.
toulmin s model14
Toulmin’s Model

Data/Grounds

Claim

Warrant

Qualifier

Backing

Rebuttal

Wikepedia is a viable source of information for our debates.

Wikepedia is not a viable source of information for our debates.

next time
Next Time
  • Stock Issues
  • The Role of Research
  • Application workshop
    • Have some evidence/resources we can work with on your topic!
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