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Ecophilosophy. A study in philosophy and the environment. Ecophilosophy. Definition: Eco-means home or place Sohia-means wisdom General definition for ecophilosophy is a pursuit for an ecologically wise and harmonious living. Ecophilosophy. Three positions on environmental ethics

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Ecophilosophy

Ecophilosophy

A study in philosophy and the environment


Ecophilosophy1
Ecophilosophy

  • Definition:

    • Eco-means home or place

    • Sohia-means wisdom

    • General definition for ecophilosophy is a pursuit for an ecologically wise and harmonious living


Ecophilosophy2
Ecophilosophy

  • Three positions on environmental ethics

    • The green application of standard ethics

    • Adaptation or extension of standard ethics to accommodate environmental causes. An example of this is the adaptation of utilitarianism to animal liberation

    • New, non-standard ethics which supersedes established ethics.


Ecophilosophy3
Ecophilosophy

  • Beliefs, principles, standards

    • Nature is not something outside of humans

    • It is an interdependent community of which humans constitute a part

    • All living beings have a moral value not just humans

    • An expanding of the concept of moral community not only to humans and animals but to plants also


Ecophilosophy4
Ecophilosophy

  • Beliefs, principles, standards

    • Value ethics extends beyond living organisms to the ecosystems (rivers, wetlands, soil, mts.)

    • Actions are only valuable if we bring some good (stability, integrity, beauty) to the ecosystem

    • “Let us return to nature”


Ecophilosophy5
Ecophilosophy

  • Criticisms of modern thinking towards the environment

    • Overpopulation

    • Contraception is a human right

    • Lack of thought for future generations

    • Lack of support to end poverty in developing countries

    • More promotion of democracy needed

    • Destruction of biodiversity


Ecophilosophy6
Ecophilosophy

  • Issues of concern

    • Attitude that morality is helping friends not enemies

    • Putting human interests always above those of nature is surely no longer defensible


Ecophilosophy7
Ecophilosophy

  • Scientific discoveries supporting Ecophilosophy

    • There is no physical center in astronomy

    • Humans appeared very late in evolution and technically were accidents

    • Ecology demonstrates nature never respects a model or plan placed on it by man

    • Geology shows continents are moving


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