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Differentiated Instruction using Dimensions of Depth Dr. Sandra Kaplan\'s Model for Differentiation Presented by Kirsten Kershaw O’Leary Dimensions of Depth The Study of Disciplines Ethics Details The Big Idea Patterns Change Over Time Different Perspectives Trends Unanswered Questions

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differentiated instruction using dimensions of depth

Differentiated Instruction usingDimensions of Depth

Dr. Sandra Kaplan\'s Model for Differentiation

Presented by Kirsten Kershaw O’Leary

dimensions of depth
Dimensions of Depth

The Study of Disciplines

Ethics

Details

The Big Idea

Patterns

Change Over Time

Different Perspectives

Trends

Unanswered Questions

Relationships

Rules

the three components
The Three Components
  • Key questions

can be used in the context of lesson plans to probe understanding and to prompt students during discussions.

  • Thinking skills

can be used to initiate the type of cognitive operation or thinking that could best prompt each of the dimensions of DEPTH or COMPLEXITY.

  • Resources

listed are the most logical references in which to locate the type of information required by each of the dimensions of DEPTH or COMPLEXITY.

the study of disciplines
The Study of Disciplines
  • Key Questions
      • What terms or words are specific to the work of the ________________?
      • What tools does the ___________ use?
  • Thinking Skills
      • Categorize
      • Identify
  • Resources
      • Texts
      • Biographies

Three Little Pigs:

A contractor would use words like mortar to build the house made from bricks.

What other words would help understand this story?

details
Details
  • Key Questions
      • What are its attributes?
      • What features characterize this?
      • What specific elements define this?
      • What distinguishes this from other things?
  • Thinking Skills
      • Identify traits
      • Describe
      • Differentiate
      • Compare/contrast
      • Prove with evidence
      • Observe
  • Resources
      • Texts
      • Biographies

Three Little Pigs:

How are the three pigs different? The same?

How would you compare yourself to each of the three little pigs?

patterns
Patterns
  • Key Questions
      • What are the reoccurring events?
      • What elements, events, ideas, are repeated

over time?

      • What was the order of events?
      • How can we predict what will come next?
  • Thinking Skills
      • Determine relevant vs. irrelevant
      • Summarize
      • Make analogies
      • Discriminate between same and different
      • Relate
  • Resources
      • Time lines
      • Other chronological lists

Three Little Pigs:

What did the three pigs learn from these events?

How would you have handled this situation differently?

trends
Trends
  • Key Questions
      • What ongoing factors have influenced this

study?

      • What factors have contributed to this study?
  • Thinking Skills
      • Prioritize
      • Determine cause and effect
      • Predict
      • Relate
      • Formulate questions
      • Hypothesize
  • Resources
      • Journals
      • Newspapers
      • Graphs
      • Charts

Three Little Pigs:

What influences could have changed the behavior of the three pigs?

Predict what would happen if the pigs had not killed the wolf.

unanswered questions
Unanswered Questions
  • Key Questions
      • What ongoing factors have influenced this

study?

      • What factors have contributed to this study?
  • Thinking Skills
      • Prioritize
      • Determine cause and effect
      • Predict
      • Relate
      • Formulate questions
      • Hypothesize
  • Resources
      • Journals
      • Newspapers
      • Graphs
      • Charts

Three Little Pigs:

Which pig was the older of the three? Were any of them girls?

If there were four pigs, what would the fourth house be built of?

rules
Rules
  • Key Questions
      • How is this structured?
      • What are the stated and unstated causes

related to the description or explanation of

what we are studying?

  • Thinking Skills
      • Generalize
      • Hypothesize
      • Judge credibility
  • Resources
      • Editorials
      • Essays
      • Laws
      • Theories

Three Little Pigs:

How is this story similar to other children’s tales?

What is the moral of this story?

ethics
Ethics
  • Key Questions
      • What dilemmas or controversies are involved in this area or topic?
      • What elements can be identified that reflect bias, prejudice, and discrimination?
  • Thinking Skills
      • Prove with evidence
      • Generalize
      • Identify the main idea
  • Resources
      • Editorials
      • Essays
      • Autobiographies
      • Journals

Three Little Pigs:

Who was right, the wolf or the pigs?

Is this story still relevant today?

the big idea
The Big Idea
  • Key Questions
      • What overarching statement best describes

what is being studied?

      • What general statement includes what is

being studied?

  • Thinking Skills
      • Prove with evidence
      • Generalize
      • Identify the main idea
  • Resources
      • Quotations
      • Discipline-related essays

Three Little Pigs:

Can you explain this story in one concise sentence?

change over time
Change Over Time
  • Key Questions
      • How are the ideas related between the past,

present, future?

      • How are these ideas related within or during

a particular time period?

      • How has time affected the information?
      • How and why do things change or remain

the same?

  • Thinking Skills
      • Relate
      • Sequence
      • Order
  • Resources
      • Time lines
      • Text Biographies
      • Autobiographies
      • Historical documents

Three Little Pigs:

Do you think the pigs learned anything from this experience?

What do you think they would do if another wolf came along?

different perspectives
Different Perspectives
  • Key Questions
      • What are the opposing viewpoints?
      • How do different people and characters see

this event or situation?

  • Thinking Skills
      • Argue
      • Determine bias
      • Classify
  • Resources
    • Biographies
    • Autobiographies
    • Mythologies
    • Legends vs. Non-fiction Accounts
    • Debates

Three Little Pigs:

How would the story be different if told from the wolf’s perspective?

relationships
Relationships
  • Key Questions
      • What are common elements among topics from the different disciplines?
      • How does this idea/topic/concept relate to other disciplines?
      • How do topics/ideas from across the disciplines contribute meaning to this idea?
  • Thinking Skills
      • Relate
      • Compare/contrast
      • Differentiate
      • Synthesize
      • Evaluate
  • Resources
    • Original and secondary sources
    • Internet searches
    • Textbooks
    • Encyclopedias

Three Little Pigs:

Re-write the story, but instead of pigs, write about three middle

school students.

bibliography
Bibliography
  • Facilitating the Understanding of DEPTH and COMPLEXITY. Texas Performance Standards Project, 10 May 2008

http://www.texaspsp.org/all/DepthComplexity.pdf

  • What is Differentiated Instruction? Visalia GATE PAC, 10 May 2008 http://www2.visalia.k12.ca.us/mineralking/differentiated%20instruction.htm

Standards

GATE 1:3 The program is planned and organized to provide articulated learning experiences across subjects and grade levels.

http://www.cde.ca.gov/fg/fo/r12/documents/gatestandards.doc

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