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Differentiated Instruction using Dimensions of Depth Dr. Sandra Kaplan's Model for Differentiation Presented by Kirsten Kershaw O’Leary Dimensions of Depth The Study of Disciplines Ethics Details The Big Idea Patterns Change Over Time Different Perspectives Trends Unanswered Questions

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Differentiated Instruction using Dimensions of Depth

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Differentiated instruction using dimensions of depth l.jpg

Differentiated Instruction usingDimensions of Depth

Dr. Sandra Kaplan's Model for Differentiation

Presented by Kirsten Kershaw O’Leary


Dimensions of depth l.jpg

Dimensions of Depth

The Study of Disciplines

Ethics

Details

The Big Idea

Patterns

Change Over Time

Different Perspectives

Trends

Unanswered Questions

Relationships

Rules


The three components l.jpg

The Three Components

  • Key questions

    can be used in the context of lesson plans to probe understanding and to prompt students during discussions.

  • Thinking skills

    can be used to initiate the type of cognitive operation or thinking that could best prompt each of the dimensions of DEPTH or COMPLEXITY.

  • Resources

    listed are the most logical references in which to locate the type of information required by each of the dimensions of DEPTH or COMPLEXITY.


The study of disciplines l.jpg

The Study of Disciplines

  • Key Questions

    • What terms or words are specific to the work of the ________________?

    • What tools does the ___________ use?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Categorize

    • Identify

  • Resources

    • Texts

    • Biographies

  • Three Little Pigs:

    A contractor would use words like mortar to build the house made from bricks.

    What other words would help understand this story?


    Details l.jpg

    Details

    • Key Questions

      • What are its attributes?

      • What features characterize this?

      • What specific elements define this?

      • What distinguishes this from other things?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Identify traits

    • Describe

    • Differentiate

    • Compare/contrast

    • Prove with evidence

    • Observe

    • Resources

      • Texts

      • Biographies

    Three Little Pigs:

    How are the three pigs different? The same?

    How would you compare yourself to each of the three little pigs?


    Patterns l.jpg

    Patterns

    • Key Questions

      • What are the reoccurring events?

      • What elements, events, ideas, are repeated

        over time?

      • What was the order of events?

      • How can we predict what will come next?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Determine relevant vs. irrelevant

    • Summarize

    • Make analogies

    • Discriminate between same and different

    • Relate

    • Resources

      • Time lines

      • Other chronological lists

    Three Little Pigs:

    What did the three pigs learn from these events?

    How would you have handled this situation differently?


    Trends l.jpg

    Trends

    • Key Questions

      • What ongoing factors have influenced this

        study?

      • What factors have contributed to this study?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Prioritize

    • Determine cause and effect

    • Predict

    • Relate

    • Formulate questions

    • Hypothesize

    • Resources

      • Journals

      • Newspapers

      • Graphs

      • Charts

    Three Little Pigs:

    What influences could have changed the behavior of the three pigs?

    Predict what would happen if the pigs had not killed the wolf.


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    Unanswered Questions

    • Key Questions

      • What ongoing factors have influenced this

        study?

      • What factors have contributed to this study?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Prioritize

    • Determine cause and effect

    • Predict

    • Relate

    • Formulate questions

    • Hypothesize

    • Resources

      • Journals

      • Newspapers

      • Graphs

      • Charts

    Three Little Pigs:

    Which pig was the older of the three? Were any of them girls?

    If there were four pigs, what would the fourth house be built of?


    Rules l.jpg

    Rules

    • Key Questions

      • How is this structured?

      • What are the stated and unstated causes

        related to the description or explanation of

        what we are studying?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Generalize

    • Hypothesize

    • Judge credibility

    • Resources

      • Editorials

      • Essays

      • Laws

      • Theories

    Three Little Pigs:

    How is this story similar to other children’s tales?

    What is the moral of this story?


    Ethics l.jpg

    Ethics

    • Key Questions

      • What dilemmas or controversies are involved in this area or topic?

      • What elements can be identified that reflect bias, prejudice, and discrimination?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Prove with evidence

    • Generalize

    • Identify the main idea

    • Resources

      • Editorials

      • Essays

      • Autobiographies

      • Journals

    Three Little Pigs:

    Who was right, the wolf or the pigs?

    Is this story still relevant today?


    The big idea l.jpg

    The Big Idea

    • Key Questions

      • What overarching statement best describes

        what is being studied?

      • What general statement includes what is

        being studied?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Prove with evidence

    • Generalize

    • Identify the main idea

    • Resources

      • Quotations

      • Discipline-related essays

    Three Little Pigs:

    Can you explain this story in one concise sentence?


    Change over time l.jpg

    Change Over Time

    • Key Questions

      • How are the ideas related between the past,

        present, future?

      • How are these ideas related within or during

        a particular time period?

      • How has time affected the information?

      • How and why do things change or remain

        the same?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Relate

    • Sequence

    • Order

    • Resources

      • Time lines

      • Text Biographies

      • Autobiographies

      • Historical documents

    Three Little Pigs:

    Do you think the pigs learned anything from this experience?

    What do you think they would do if another wolf came along?


    Different perspectives l.jpg

    Different Perspectives

    • Key Questions

      • What are the opposing viewpoints?

      • How do different people and characters see

        this event or situation?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Argue

    • Determine bias

    • Classify

    • Resources

      • Biographies

      • Autobiographies

      • Mythologies

      • Legends vs. Non-fiction Accounts

      • Debates

    Three Little Pigs:

    How would the story be different if told from the wolf’s perspective?


    Relationships l.jpg

    Relationships

    • Key Questions

      • What are common elements among topics from the different disciplines?

      • How does this idea/topic/concept relate to other disciplines?

      • How do topics/ideas from across the disciplines contribute meaning to this idea?

  • Thinking Skills

    • Relate

    • Compare/contrast

    • Differentiate

    • Synthesize

    • Evaluate

    • Resources

      • Original and secondary sources

      • Internet searches

      • Textbooks

      • Encyclopedias

    Three Little Pigs:

    Re-write the story, but instead of pigs, write about three middle

    school students.


    Bibliography l.jpg

    Bibliography

    • Facilitating the Understanding of DEPTH and COMPLEXITY. Texas Performance Standards Project, 10 May 2008

      http://www.texaspsp.org/all/DepthComplexity.pdf

    • What is Differentiated Instruction? Visalia GATE PAC, 10 May 2008 http://www2.visalia.k12.ca.us/mineralking/differentiated%20instruction.htm

    Standards

    GATE 1:3 The program is planned and organized to provide articulated learning experiences across subjects and grade levels.

    http://www.cde.ca.gov/fg/fo/r12/documents/gatestandards.doc


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