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Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Nymphales Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies” Perennial aquatic herbs with large rhizomes. Leaves Alternate, long-petioled; floating, submerged or emerged; peltate. Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Nymphales Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies”

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Class magnoliopsida order nymphales family nymphaceae water lilies l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Nymphales Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies”

Perennial aquatic herbs with large rhizomes.

Leaves Alternate, long-petioled; floating, submerged or emerged; peltate.


Class magnoliopsida order nymphales family nymphaceae water lilies2 l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Nymphales Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies”

Perennial aquatic herbs with large rhizomes.

Leaves Alternate, long-petioled; floating, submerged or emerged; peltate.

Flowers bisexuaal; long-pedunculed; floral parts numerous. CA 1-many CO 1-many, A many G many.

Each pistil has 1 carpel, 1 locule and parietal placentation.


Class magnoliopsida order nymphales family nymphaceae water lilies3 l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Nymphales Family: Nymphaceae “water lilies”

Perennial aquatic herbs with large rhizomes.

Leaves Alternate, long-petioled; floating, submerged or emerged; peltate.

Flowers bisexual; long-peduncled; floral parts numerous. CA 1-many CO 1-many, A many G many.

Each pistil has 1 carpel, 1 locule and parietal placentation.

5. Fruit: a spongy berry.

Nymphaea “water lilies”,

Nuphar “spadderdock”


Class magnoliopsida order ranunculales family ranunculaceae buttercups l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Ranunculales Family: Ranunculaceae “Buttercups”

Mostly herbs, leaves alternate with sheathing leaf bases; mostly lobed.


Class magnoliopsida order ranunculales family ranunculaceae buttercups5 l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Ranunculales Family: Ranunculaceae “Buttercups”

Mostly herbs, leaves alternate with sheathing leaf bases; mostly lobed.

Flowers bisexual, bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic.

Calyx 3 - many; Corolla 5 - many, rarely absent (calyx and corolla often not differentiated.), Androecium 3 - many, Gynecium 3- many simple pistils with 1 carpel, 1 locule and parietal placentation. Ovary superior.


Class magnoliopsida order ranunculales family ranunculaceae buttercups6 l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Ranunculales Family: Ranunculaceae “Buttercups”

Mostly herbs, leaves alternate with sheathing leaf bases; mostly lobed.

Flowers bisexual, bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic.

Calyx 3 - many; Corolla 5 - many, rarely absent (calyx and corolla often not differentiated.), Androecium 3 - many, Gynecium 3- many simple pistils with 1 carpel, 1 locule and parietal placentation. Ovary superior.

Ranunculus “buttercups”, Anemone “windflowers”,

Clematis “virgin’s bowers”, Aquilegia “columbines”,

Delphinium “larkspurs”


Class magnoliopsida order rosales family rosaceae roses l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae “Roses”

Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with stipules.


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Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae “Roses”

Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with stipules.

Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5, petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium mostly 5 or many; often perigynous (hypanthium) or inferior.


Class magnoliopsida order rosales family rosaceae roses9 l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae “Roses”

Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with stipules.

Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5, petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium mostly 5 or many; often perigynous (hypanthium) or inferior.


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Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae “Roses”

2. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5, petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium mostly 5 or many; often perigynous (hypanthium) or inferior.


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Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae “Roses”

Herbs, shrubs or trees; leaves alternate with stipules.

Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5, petals 5; stamens 5 - numerous; gynecium mostly 5 or many; often perigynous (hypanthium) or inferior.

Fruit – achene, follicle, pome, drupe.

Pyrus “crabapples and pears”, Malus “apples, Rubus “blackberries and rapsberries”, Geum “avens”, Rosa “roses”, Prunus “peaches and cherries”


Class magnoliopsida order rosales family crassulaceae stonecrop family l.jpg

Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Crassulaceae “Stonecrop Family”

Succulent herbs, sometimes shrubs; leaves simple without stipules; alternate or opposite.

Flowers 4 to 5 merous; calyx 4-5, corolla 4-5, androecium 4-10, gynoecium 4-5 and superior; marginal placentation; scalelike gland at the base of each ovary.

Ca 4-5, Co 4-5, A 4-10, G 4-5


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Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Crassulaceae “Stonecrop Family”

Succulent herbs, sometimes shrubs; leaves simple without stipules; alternate or opposite.

Flowers 4 to 5 merous; calyx 4-5, corolla 4-5, androecium 4-10, gynoecium 4-5 and superior; marginal placentation; scalelike gland at the base of each ovary.

Ca 4-5, Co 4-5, A 4-10, G 4-5

Fruit a leathery or membranous follicle (tiny seeds).

Crassula “stonecrops and jade”, Sedum “hen and chicks”, Kalanchoe “bryophyllum or life plant”


Class liliopsida order juncales family juncaceae rush family l.jpg

Class: Liliopsida Order: Juncales Family: Juncaceae “Rush Family”

Perennial or annual herbs; stems form tussocks or tufts; leaves sometimes reduced to a basal sheath, small.


Class liliopsida order juncales family juncaceae rush family15 l.jpg

Class: Liliopsida Order: Juncales Family: Juncaceae “Rush Family”

Perennial or annual herbs; stems form tussocks or tufts; leaves sometimes reduced to a basal sheath, small.

Flowers usually bisexual, actinomorphic, small; 6 perianth segments in 2 series (Ca 3, Co 3); androecium usually 6; compund pistil of 3 united carpels; parietal placentation, ovary superior.


Class liliopsida order juncales family juncaceae rush family16 l.jpg

Class: Liliopsida Order: Juncales Family: Juncaceae “Rush Family”

Perennial or annual herbs; stems form tussocks or tufts; leaves sometimes reduced to a basal sheath, small.

Flowers usually bisexual, actinomorphic, small; 6 perianth segments in 2 series (Ca 3, Co 3); androecium usually 6; compund pistil of 3 united carpels; parietal placentation, ovary superior.

Juncus “rushes”


Class liliopsida order rosales family orchidaceae orchid family l.jpg

Class: Liliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Orchidaceae “Orchid Family”

One of the largest families. Perennial herbs often epiphytic or saprophytic with rhizomes, tuberous roots or root stocks; sometimnes aerial roots.

Leaves opposite, simple, often reduced to scales or fleshy; sheathing at the base.


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Class: Liliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Orchidaceae “Orchid Family”

One of the largest families. Perennial herbs often epiphytic or saprophytic with rhizomes, tuberous roots or root stocks; sometimnes aerial roots.

Leaves opposite, simple, often reduced to scales or fleshy; sheathing at the base.

Flowers bisexual and zygomorphic; calyx 3, often colored; petals 2 lateral and a middle labellum - often larger and shaped different from laterals; androecium of 1 or 2 stamens attached to column; staminoide – extension of the column; gyneocium – a compound pistil of 3 carpels; 3 stigmas; ovary inferior.


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Class: Liliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Orchidaceae “Orchid Family”

One of the largest families. Perennial herbs often epiphytic or saprophytic with rhizomes, tuberous roots or root stocks; sometimnes aerial roots.

Leaves opposite, simple, often reduced to scales or fleshy; sheathing at the base.

Flowers bisexual and zygomorphic; calyx 3, often colored; petals 2 lateral and a middle labellum - often larger and shaped different from laterals; androecium of 1 or 2 stamens attached to column; staminoide – extension of the column; gyneocium – a compound pistil of 3 carpels; 3 stigmas; ovary inferior.

Fruit: capsule with tiny seeds.

Orchis “showy orchid”, Cyripedium “ladies slippers”, Spiranthes “ladies tresses”, Platanthera “fringed”


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