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Basketball Official’s Clinic. National Federation of State High School Association’s Rules . Identification Procedure. Each player is responsible for presenting a current UNC One Card at game time Once they present One Card, sign them in on the score sheet with PID #

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Basketball Official’s Clinic

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Basketball Official’s Clinic

National Federation of State High School Association’s Rules

Identification Procedure

  • Each player is responsible for presenting a current UNC One Card at game time

  • Once they present One Card, sign them in on the score sheet with PID #

  • If a player does not sign in on the score sheet and they enter the game it is a team technical foul

  • If they don’t have One Card, they cannot play, refer them to a Supervisor.

Players, Substitutions, and Equipment

  • Game shall be played with five (5) players

  • Game can continue with four (4) players

  • Official Game= 5 players

  • Default= 3-4 players

  • Forfeit= less than 3 players


  • Four (4) players are required to start, with a ratio of two(2) females and two (2) males, however, a team may continue with four (4) players provided that: two (2) females and two (2) males at all times.

  • In Co-Recreational play any field goal, regardless of location on the floor, scored by a female player, counts as three (3) points. A free-throw is only worth one (1) point regardless of gender.

  • In Co-Recreational play it is no longer required that a female player possess the ball in any given possession


  • All Substitutes must report to mid-court / scorers table.

  • Substitutes may enter the game during any dead ball, but must be beckoned in by officials before entering: Report the foul first and then let substitutes enter the game

  • Running onto the court w/o permission will result in a technical foul.

Illegal Equipment

  • 1. A guard, cast, or brace made of hard, unyielding leather, plaster, pliable (soft) plastic, metal or any other hard substance.

  • 2. Head decorations, headwear, and jewelry

    • Exception: a headband no wider than two (2) inches.

      3. Equipment which is unnatural and designed to increase a player’s height or reach

The Ball

  • Men- A men’s regulation basketball will be the official ball

  • Women – A women’s regulation basketball will be the official ball

  • Co Rec – A women’s regulation basketball will be the official ball or a men’s regulation basketball can be used if agree by both teams

  • Teams must provide their own ball. Based on the official’s judgment, the best ball will be used. If teams can not decide on a ball then an Intramural Sports ball will be used the entire game.

Back Court Violation

  • On the shorter Woollen Gym courts, the backcourt line (once the frontcourt has been established within ten seconds) moves back to the opponent’s free throw line extended.


  • Blocking - blocking is illegal personal contact which impedes the progress of an opponent

  • Charging- charging is illegal personal contact caused by pushing or moving into an opponent’s torso

  • Closely Guarded- occurs when a player in control of the ball in his/her team’s frontcourt is guarded by an opponent who is within six feet of a player who is dribbling or holding the ball.

Definitions Cont’d

  • Continuous Motion- applies to tries for field goals when fouled. It does not apply if a teammate fouls after a player has started a try for a goal and before the ball is in flight.

  • Player Control- A player is in control when he/she is holding or dribbling a live ball inbounds

  • Team-Control Foul: is a common foul committed by a member of the team that has team control


  • Dunking results in Technical Foul

    • The shot does count.

  • Technical Fouls result in two free throws and the ball.

  • Personal Fouls- illegal contact with an opponent while the ball is live, which hinders a defensive or offensive opponent

  • Flagrant Fouls- personal or technical foul of a violent nature.


  • Screen-legal action by a player who, w/o causing contact, delays or prevents an opponent from reaching a desired position.

  • To establish a legal screening position:

    1. The screener may face any direction

    2. Time and distance are relevant

    3. Must be stationary


Floor Violations: traveling, double dribble, basket interference, elbow, leaving the court for an unauthorized reason

Free Throw Violations offensive and defensive

Throw In Violations ( It is not traveling it is just violation)

Scoring and Timing Regulations

  • Teams are required to have a sixth person to keep score. Player or non-player

  • No protests allowed over scoring

  • Games consist of two (2) twenty-minute halves. Clock will run continuously until last two minutes of Second Half. The clock will stop on all dead ball situations.

Extra Period and Timeouts“Only in the Playoffs”

  • First overtime= 3 minutes

  • Second overtime= 2 minutes

  • After second overtime= 1 minute with Regulation clock.

  • Each team receives three (3) timeouts per game. Teams receive one additional timeout per overtime.

Disqualification and ending game

  • A second technical foul charged to a player results in disqualification

  • Three technical fouls charged to player(s) on same team, automatically disqualifies team.

  • A Referee/Supervisor may end the game at any time he/she feels the game cannot be controlled or feels it is unsafe to continue.

  • Mercy Rule: If a team is ahead by thirty (30) or more points under five (5) minutes in the second half, the game will be ended.

Points of Emphasis

  • No taunting or /Self Promotion will be allowed

  • Rough Play

  • Hand checking

  • Substitutes

  • Game Control

Pre Game Duties

  • Arrive 15 minutes before game time

  • Survey the court make sure it is safe look for dirt and condensation on the gym floors

  • Check the score sheet and make sure that all participants are signed in

  • Review procedures with scorekeeper/timekeeper and other officials

Jump Ball

  • The referee shall face the table and toss the ball.

  • Both officials are responsible if there is a bad toss

  • The umpire is responsible for all non jumpers and goes in the direction of the ball

  • The trail official is responsible for the possession arrow















Foul Reporting

  • Whistle – quick, loud, concise – Be Confident

  • Foul – closed fist, arm slightly raised

  • Hand signal for type of foul

  • Verbally indicate the player that fouled by number and jersey color

  • If free throws follow, verbally indicate number of attempts. No free throws then indicate throw in spot

Foul Reporting Cont.

  • Addressing the scorers’ table

    • Hustle to the foul reporting area

    • Come to a complete stop

    • Notify scorekeeper if a basket counts (when needed)

    • With a strong voice first indicated jersey color and second the number of person who fouled both verbally and with a one-hand signal.

    • Give visual signal of foul

    • Indicate number of free throws or throw in spot

    • Beckon substitutes ( after you have reported the foul)




Foul Reporting Area



Free throw coverage

  • Trail official responsibilities

    • Observe the position of the thrower’s feet

    • Step towards the end line on the release of the ball

    • Watch the action of the ball

    • Observe the top three lane spaces on the opposite side

    • Signal start of clock on the final unsuccessful attempt

Free Throw Coverage Cont.

  • Lead Official Responsibilities

    • Secure the ball until the Trail official is in position

    • Make sure lane spaces are properly filled

    • Visually and verbally indicate the number of free throws to be administered

    • Always bounce the ball to the thrower

    • Watch first space on the near lane and all lane spaces on the opposite side









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