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Alternative Health @ Your Library David Free Georgia Perimeter College [email protected] www.gpc.edu/~dfree/cam.htm What is Complementary/ Alternative Medicine A group of diverse health care systems, practices and products that are not considered part of conventional medicine.

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Alternative health @ your library l.jpg

Alternative Health @ Your Library

David Free

Georgia Perimeter College

[email protected]

www.gpc.edu/~dfree/cam.htm


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What is Complementary/ Alternative Medicine

  • A group of diverse health care systems, practices and products that are not considered part of conventional medicine.

  • Key questions about whether they are safe and work for conditions for which they are used.

  • Source: National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine


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Complementary Medicine

  • Treatment used in conjunction with conventional medicine.

  • Example: Using aromatherapy to lessen post-operative discomfort


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Alternative Medicine

  • Treatments used in place of conventional medicine.

  • Example: Seeking chiropractic treatment for back pain instead of drugs or surgery.


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Integrative Medicine

  • Combines mainstream medical therapies and CAM therapies for which there are high-quality scientific evidence of safety and effectiveness.


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Alternative Medical Systems

  • Complete systems of health theory and practice

  • Homeopathy

  • Naturopathy

  • Chinese Medicine


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Mind-Body Interventions

  • Techniques designed to enhance the mind’s capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms.

  • Meditation

  • Mental healing


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Biology Based Therapies

  • Treatments using substances found in nature.

  • Dietary Supplements

  • Herbal Medicines


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Manipulative/ Body-Based Methods

  • Manipulation and/ or movement of one or more parts of the body.

  • Chiropractic

  • Osteopathic Manipulation

  • Massage Therapy


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Energy Therapies

  • Involve use and manipulation of energy fields.

  • Biofield Therapies - Affect energy fields surrounding human body to promote health. Examples: Reiki, Qi Gong.

  • Bioelectromagnetic Therapies - Use of magnetic fields or electric current in healing.


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Who Uses Alternative Medicine?

  • Female

  • Poorer Health Status

  • College Educated

  • Middle To Upper Income Range

  • Holistic Orientation Towards Health

  • Transformational Experience That Changed Worldview


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Why People Use CAM

  • Treat specific disease or condition, usually chronic conditions

  • Prevent specific disease or condition

  • Promote overall health

  • Source: Rafferty et al. (2002)


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Most Common Conditions

  • Back Problems

  • Allergies

  • Fatigue

  • Arthritis

  • Headaches

  • Source: Eisenberg et al. (1998)


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Most Utilized Therapies

  • Herbal Supplements

  • Diet Therapy

  • Chiropractic

  • Dietary Supplements

  • Massage/ Osteopathic Manipulation

  • Source: Rafferty et al. (2002)


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Most Utilized Therapies

  • Relaxation Techniques

  • Herbal Medicine

  • Massage

  • Chiropractic

  • Source: Eisenberg et al. (1998)


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An Alarming Statistic!

  • Fewer that half (45.9%) of CAM users in one study discussed CAM usage with their medical doctor

  • Where are they getting their information on CAM treatments and effectiveness?

  • Source: Raffery et al. (2002)


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GALILEO CAM Resources

  • Alt HealthWatch

  • CINAHL

  • Clinical Pharmacology

  • Medline (with Full Text)


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Alt HealthWatch

  • This alternative health database provides full text for more than 140 publications in the collection, including full text for many peer-reviewed journals. Alt HealthWatch provides in-depth coverage across the full spectrum of subject areas covered by complementary and alternative medicine dating back to 1990.


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CINAHL

  • CINAHL provides bibliographic access to over 1,550 nursing and allied health journals, publications of the American Nurses Association and the National League for Nursing, nursing dissertations, and selected other biomedical journals.

  • Complementary and alternative health topics.


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Clinical Pharmacology

  • Clinical Pharmacology provides access up-to-date, concise and clinically-relevant drug monographs for all U.S. prescription drugs, hard-to-find herbal and nutritional supplements, over-the-counter products and new and investigational drugs.

  • Patient information in English and Spanish.


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Medline (with Full Text)

  • EbscoHost Medline interface

  • MEDLINE provides authoritative medical information on medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, pre-clinical sciences, and much more. Created by the National Library of Medicine, MEDLINE allows users to search abstracts from over 4,600 current biomedical journals.


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PubMed CAM Subset

  • National Library of Medicine Medline Interface

  • www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PubMed/

  • Subset of journals/ articles dealing with CAM


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Internet Resources

  • National Center For Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  • National Institutes of Health Center for CAM research and information dissemination

  • nccam.nih.gov


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Internet Resources

  • Medline Plus

  • National Library of Medicine Online Health Information

  • medlineplus.gov


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Internet Resources

  • Alternative Medicine Homepage

  • University of Pittsburg Health Sciences Library directory of CAM information

  • Directory of links to online resources

  • www.pitt.edu/~cbw/altm.html


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Evaluating Health Resources

  • Print Sources

  • GALILEO Resources

  • Other Online Resources

  • Health On The Web Foundation - www.hon.ch


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Authorship/ Authority

  • Who is the author?

  • What are her credentials and affiliations?

  • Published in peer reviewed literature?


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Currency

  • Does the site have an obvious date of origin and last update?

  • Essential for online health information!


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Purpose

  • Does site exist for informational purposes?

  • Trying to sell a product/ service?

  • Who is the intended audience?


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Disclosure

  • Is the site sponsored by commercial concerns?

  • Ties to organizations?

  • Accept advertising?

  • Other funding arrangements?


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Attribution

  • Does the site include references to outside studies?

  • Peer reviewed literature?

  • Controlled research trials/ studies?

  • Case studies?

  • Anecdotal evidence?


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Objectivity

  • Does the site present a balanced picture?

  • Are multiple points of view included?

  • Bias?


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