1. Camera 2. Shooting Interviews 3. Shooting B-roll 4. Editing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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1 camera 2 shooting interviews 3 shooting b roll 4 editing

1. Camera2. Shooting Interviews3. Shooting B-roll 4. Editing


Camera

Camera

  • Camera

    • Menu

    • Focus

    • Camera vs. VTR

    • Zoom

  • Tripod

  • Camera Stance

  • Care

  • Microphones


Cameras

Zoom

Mic Input

Headphone Input

Manual Focus

3-Chip

www.bhphoto.com

Camera Kit

Mini-DV Camera

Tripod

Wireless Lavaliere Microphone

XLR to Mini

XLR to XLR

Firewire-check size

Mini-DV Tape

Cameras


Interview chunk

Sound Bite

Emotion

Opinion

:06-:15

Interview Chunk


Getting good bites

Getting Good Bites

  • Nervous People

    • Childhood, hobbies

      • Avoid topics strangers talk about

    • Get facts beforehand

  • Location matters

  • Sit before stand


No close ended questions

No close-ended questions

  • Waste tape

  • Rephrase question

  • Silence reveals


Shooting the interview

Shooting the Interview

  • Eye-level with lens

  • Spell and say name

  • Sit close to lens

  • Look at you, not camera

  • Videographer invisible

  • Don’t allow person to hold the mic

  • Avoid talking during interview


1 camera 2 shooting interviews

Get video of interview

Use lav/clip mic

Use tripod

Reporter should not be in shot

Tips


Framing the interview

Headroom

Forehead shots okay

Watch to make room for supers or titles

Noseroom

Distance between tip of nose and edge of video frame

Chin

Depth

Framing the Interview


Lighting your subject

Lighting Your Subject

  • Light source in front of subject

    • Sun in eyes

  • No windows

    • Close blinds

    • Shoot window out of frame

    • Desk lights

  • Light when possible


Presidential debate

Presidential Debate

  • 3000 Americans

  • More than 2.6 million viewers

    • 18-34 highest viewership in cable news history

  • Questions

    • http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=-0BPnnvI47Q

    • http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=ZqrpjLZJVu4&eurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Eyoutube%2Ecom%2Fdebates

  • http://uk.youtube.com/debates


Shooting interview exercise

Shooting Interview Exercise

  • Partner up


Video

Video

  • TV

    • Spot news or mini-newscasts

  • Newspapers

    • Features

      • http://video.on.nytimes.com/?fr_story=cb13326d3b69e2de7b460608ca8fda26d941eb85

    • Slideshows

  • Chunks or montages

    • http://www.madison.com/wsj/projects/hiphop/index.html


Narration fill in the gap with pictures

Narration (fill in the gap with pictures)

  • Hurricane Katrina http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/video/2005/09/08/VI2005090800949.html

  • Florida tornado

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6324985.stm


1 camera 2 shooting interviews

WSJ

  • http://www.beet.tv/2007/03/the_newsroom_of.html

  • http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid1119166902


Online publisher s association

Online Publisher’s Association

  • Fastest growing part of news organizations

  • Peak hours

    • 5pm-11pm, 8am – 5 pm

  • News/Current Events Videos

    • #1 (sports highlights)

  • Ideal Length

    • 1-2 minutes

    • 3-5 minutes

    • 2.7 minutes

  • Most watch it in its entirety

  • 54% shoot video, 11% upload

  • Male, 18-49, single


Make a promise

Make a Promise

  • Tell them what they are going to get, and where they are going

    • Date/Time Stamp

    • Movie Icon

    • Raw Video

  • http://www.keyt.com/news/local/6647267.html?linkSource=edhat.com


1 camera 2 shooting interviews

Raw

  • Passive shooting

  • Let them experience the news

    • Unfolding events

  • http://www.i-am-bored.com/bored_link.cfm?link_id=16220


Other trends

Other trends

  • Video Letters to the Editor

    • http://video.on.nytimes.com/?fr_story=54a96b0d367da6ce96eb1401f0e127f76688ddd6


Rethinking the scoop

Rethinking the Scoop

  • KNBC-TV in L.A. morning editorial meeting

    • http://video.nbc4.tv/player/?id=84495

  • KPIX

    • http://cbs5.com/video/?id=20492@kpix.dayport.com


Media players

Media Players

  • Computer software that plays back multimedia files

    • Flash 7 (97%), 8 (94%), 9 (56%)

    • Quicktime

      • High quality, wide compatibility and free

      • iMovie and FCP generate Quicktime by default

      • Encoded at 256k in a 320X240frame size

    • Windows Media Player

    • Real Player


Rule of thirds

Rule of Thirds

Animated Buzz


B roll

B-roll

  • WS – wide shot

    • Establishing Shot

    • Closing Shot

  • MS

  • MCU

  • CU

    • Headroom

    • Noseroom


High low eye

High. Low. Eye.


1 camera 2 shooting interviews

Shoot for :15

Pre-roll

Headphones

Record Ambience

Faces

Close to action

Vary levels and angles

Background distraction

White

Opening and closing shot

Avoid zooming while recording

Report with your ears

Shutup during shoots

No pans or zooms

Action creates reaction

Shoot and move

Frame each shot

Depth of field

Video is inherently flat

Eyes, not ears and backs of heads

Avoid signs or buildings

Wind

Staging

CONTENT RULES

Tips


Think soap opera

Think Soap Opera

  • Action or Human Interest

  • Close-ups

  • Hold shots longer

  • No pans or zooms

    • http://avitamarc.com/videos/8_07/11_Zooming.mov

  • No dissolves


No blair witch

Tripod

Focus on content, not distracted by shaky video

Level

Find level surfaces

2 to 1 prefer traditional

Connecting vs. terrible video

No Blair Witch


Think in sequences

50% close-ups or extreme close-ups

25% WS

25% MS

http://www.bbctraining.com/modules/5915/video/1.2.2.htm

Think in Sequences


Zooms and pans

Zooms and Pans


Lead room

Lead room

  • Walking noseroom video

  • Let subject walk into screen, follow them, stop, let them walk out of video

    • Never stop recording until action in complete

  • Walking shots


Action

Shoot wide

Let action complete

Face front

Follow close

Quick

Keep the same distance

Get close to action

Action


Increasing b roll

Increasing B-roll

  • More montages

  • Different angles

  • Different levels

  • W, M,CU

  • 1:30 pack

    -22 different shots at :04 each


Editing process

Editing Process

  • Jump cut

  • Cut-in

  • Cut-away (Reacting to the action)


Focus

Focus

  • Macro


Sharpen listening skills

Truth

Look for nats

Ambient vs. Nats

Anything you hear

Get close to face

Ask person a question

Sharpen Listening Skills


Recognize stories that deserve video

Recognize Stories that Deserve Video

  • Action/Human Interest

  • https://www.communicationsmgr.com/projects/1296/default.asp


Shooting action

Shooting Action

Thanks to Animated Buzz


Review

Review


Resources

Resources

  • BBC Training

    • http://www.bbctraining.com/onlineCourses.asp

  • Berkeley Multimedia Reporting and Convergence

    • http://journalism.berkeley.edu/multimedia/

  • Cyndy Green’s VideoJournalism Blog

    • http://cyndygreen.wordpress.com/

  • MultiMedia Shooter Blog

    • http://www.multimediashooter.com/wp/

  • Angela Grant’s News Videographer Blog

    • http://newsvideographer.com/?page_id=2


Shooting exercise

Shooting Exercise

  • No Staging

  • 2 different sequences each


Review1

Review

  • http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=O7DDpIVLFKs


Nonlinear editing

Nonlinear Editing

  • Linear

    • Edit sequentially

  • Nonlinear, nondestructive

    • Edit shots in different orders, while underlying media is untouched (changes never affect the media)


Editing

Editing

  • iMovie

  • Final Cut Pro/Express

  • Avid Express

  • Sony Vegas Movie Studio

  • Pinnacle Studio

  • Windows Movie Maker

  • Adobe Premiere


Final cut express vs pro

Final Cut Express vs. Pro

  • $249 vs. $999

  • No batch capture

  • Keyframe motions, not filters

  • Timecode will not be displayed

  • No three-way color corrector


Editing1

Editing

  • Assembling each shot together or trimming

    • Shot 1, Shot 2, Shot 3, Interview

    • Trimming Interview down

    • Show, don’t tell


Editing advice

Editing Advice

  • Sequence

    • Editing pictures of the same object together

    • Cut-ins, cutaways, different angles

    • Never use the same shot twice

  • No frames of black

  • Cut on breath


Editing advice1

Editing Advice

  • Shots about :04-:05 with the exception of action

    • Let action complete

  • Each shot should flow logically

    • WS of room

    • MS of person’s body

    • CU of face

    • CU of paper


Avoid jump cuts

Avoid Jump Cuts

  • Two similar shots edit together

    • MS of person and MS of same person at different angle create a jumping effect

    • Instead use CU or WS of person


Free tv

Free TV

  • Joost

  • Dailymotion

  • Google Video

  • Freetube

  • Blip.TV

  • ABC, NBC


Video tools

Video Tools

  • Video Search Engines

    • http://www.truveo.com/

    • Google Video

  • Rocketboom Vlog

    • http://www.rocketboom.com/vlog/

  • Movavi free video conversion

    • http://online.movavi.com/

  • Windows Media Encoder

  • www.mediaconverter.org/

  • VT3 Studio Free trial

    • T3 will convert QuickTime, AVI, DV to Flash, iPod, iPhone or 3GP with one click in 1/3 real time

    • http://www.vt3studio.com/home.php

  • Resume Tapes

    • http://uk.youtube.com/results?search_query=resume+tape&search=Search


Avi quicktime mpeg

AVI, QuickTime, MPEG

  • YouTube

    • MPEG-4

    • .mov, .flv, wmv, .avi

  • MPEG-4

    • Preferred because it is not locked into specific formats or players

  • AVI (PC)

    • Microsoft for Intel, Windows Media Player

    • Response to Apple

  • (Windows Media Player, RealOne, Quicktime, Winamp)

  • WMV (Windows Media File)MOV

    • Quicktime Movie by Apple

    • High quality, more storage


Video search engine optimization

Video Search Engine Optimization

  • Skilled at finding text-based content

  • Conversion destroys metadata

  • Add textual data to video pieces

    • climate-matters-video.wmv vs. climatetalksvideo.com or videofile.wmv

  • Video hosting sites (YouTube, Brightcove)

    • Good, descriptive tags


User interface

Browser

Organize the Media Project

Viewer

Preview and adjust clips

Canvas

Connected to the timeline

Audio Meters

Tool Palette

Timeline

User Interface


Windows

Active Window

Window

Arrange Screen layout

Windows


1 camera 2 shooting interviews

Folder that contains clips and sequences File -> New Bin,

Drag Clips into Bin

Renaming Clips/Bins

Changing colors

Control -> Labels

Bin


Viewer

Viewer

  • Double-click clip to open in viewer

  • Yellow Arrow = Playhead

  • In = I, Out = O, Space Bar = Play

  • Add Marker ^

  • Audio Tab

  • Pop-up Menu

    • Title Safe/Wire Frame Text (Drag to Timeline) Lower Third


Canvas and timeline

Canvas and Timeline

  • Canvas

    • Same as Viewer

    • JKL - Play backward, stop, play forward

  • Timeline

    • Mute and Solo

    • Control Clip Overlay

    • Track Height Sequence

    • Settings Track


Undo and redo

Undo and Redo

  • Undo Default (10), 99

    • User Preferences

  • Save a copy


Editing2

Insert

Overwrite

Fit to Fill

Fill in Gap

Editing


Transition

Transition

  • Control click on transition point or Effects

  • Drag length or Control Click (also copy)

  • Video Drag transitions (Cross Dissolve, Fade In and Fade Out)

  • Audio (Add transition, control)

    • Cross Fade (+3dB) Volume constant through out fade

    • Cross Fade (0dB) Fades first clip out while simultaneously fading in


Stereo pair

Stereo Pair

  • Left and right ear locate subtle differences

  • Stereo should use two microphones, two tracks for recording and two speakers for playback

  • All stereo recording require two channels, but 2 channels are not necessarily stereo. If you use only one microphone to record, it is not stereo, no difference from mono recording, contain exactly the same information just on two different channels. Two different mics placed at two different locations (ears)

  • MUSIC or listen to 2 speakers to hear subtly hear 2 different sounds


Editing audio

Editing Audio

  • Capturing Audio (-12 dB)

  • Nat Pops off the top

  • Editing them in Pen tool

    • Bad audio pops

    • Drag


Titles

Titles

  • Use Title Safe

  • No smaller than 25 pt

  • Sans Serif (Arial)

  • Pop-up Menu

  • Control Tab


Other tips

Freeze Frame

N

Tool Palette

Audio/Video Settings

Set Scratch Disks

User Preferences

System Settings

Other Tips


Pixel dimensions aspect ratio

Pixel Dimensions Aspect Ratio

  • Standard Definition

    • 4:3 720 X 480 pixels

  • HD

    • 16:9 1280 X 720 or 1920 X 1080


Rendering

Rendering

  • Red line

  • Sequence


  • Login