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World History Midterm Review Project By Eric Michel 1* Mr. Northrup Enlightenment World History Midterm Review Project En light en ment John Locke World History Midterm Review Project Enlightenment Ch. 20 Scientific Revolution

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world history midterm review project
World History Midterm Review Project

By Eric Michel

1*

Mr. Northrup

enlightenment
Enlightenment

World History Midterm Review Project

Enlightenment

john locke
John Locke

World History Midterm Review Project

Enlightenment Ch. 20 Scientific Revolution

John LockePhilosopher who believed people are reasonable and moral and have natural rights-life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness.A government functions best when its powers were limited and it was accepted by all the citizens

montesquieu
Montesquieu

World History Midterm Review Project

Enlightenment Ch. 20 Scientific Revolution

MontesquieuPhilosopher who supported and believed in individual rights and in separating governmental powers equally between the 3 branches of government. The U.S Constitution was based on his ideas.

divine right
Divine Right

World History Midterm Review Project

Enlightenment Ch. 21 British and American Civil War

Divine Right of KingsKing James I believed in divine right, which means that monarchs derive their power directly from God and that such power is absolute.

glorious revolution
Glorious Revolution

World History Midterm Review Project

Enlightenment Ch. 21 British and American Civil War

Glorious Revolution

William III and Mary II from the Netherlands were invited by Parliament to invade England and overthrow James II. They did so without battles or bloodshed.

estate system
Estate System

World History Midterm Review Project

Enlightenment Ch. 22 The French Revolution

Estate System

The Estate system had 3 Estates:

1) Clergy-Higher and Lower-receives tithe, no taxes

2) Nobility-receive feudal dues, no taxes, some live in Versailles

3) Peasants, Artisans, and Bourgeoisie-very few rights

national assembly
National Assembly

World History Midterm Review Project

Enlightenment Ch. 22 The French Revolution

National Assembly

The 3rd Estate declares themselves the National Assembly and are locked out of the Estates General. They take the Tennis Court Oath and are determined to write a Constitution. Louis XVI tells the other 2 estates to join the 3rd. They ended up writing the Declaration of the Rights of Man which ends privileges of nobles, guaranteed basic human rights for all citizens, and established a constitutional monarchy.

industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution

World History Midterm Review Project

IndustrialRevolution

agricultural cycles
Agricultural Cycles

World History Midterm Review Project

Industrial Revolution Ch. 23 The Age of Industry

Agricultural CyclesBecause there was a lot of work to do during the harvest time, other professions, such as miners, helped the farmers with the harvest. In the winter however, when there was no farming to do, the farmers worked in the mines and workshops. This relationship provided a steadier income for the workers than either profession alone.

corperationpartnerships
CorperationPartnerships

World History Midterm Review Project

Industrial Revolution Ch. 23 The Age of Industry

Partnerships/ Corporations

Partnerships are when 2 or more entrepreneurs go into business with their own capital. These partners shared management responsibility and debt liability. Some companies extend their partnerships, and become corporations by selling shares in their business to stockholders.

social darwinism
Social Darwinism

World History Midterm Review Project

Industrial Revolution Ch. 24 Cultural Revolution

Social Darwinism

Belief that intelligent humans will rise to the top of society and that the poor should be allowed to die off naturally. Herbert Spencer was a believer in this idea.

utilitarianism
Utilitarianism

World History Midterm Review Project

Industrial Revolution Ch. 24 Cultural Revolution

Utilitarianism

Jeremy Bentham’s believed that society should work for the greatest happiness for the greatest number of citizens. Benthem thought laws should be judged by their usefulness, whether they advanced human happiness and reduced human misery.

louisiana purchase
Louisiana Purchase

World History Midterm Review Project

Industrial Revolution Ch. 25 Democracy and Reform

Louisiana Purchase

Land between the the Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains purchased by Thomas Jefferson from France in 1803. This land greatly expanded the US’s territory and eventually formed 13 states.

dreyfus affair
Dreyfus Affair

World History Midterm Review Project

Industrial Revolution Ch. 25 Democracy and Reform

Dreyfus Affair

Alfred Dreyfus was falsely convicted of selling French military secrets because of anti-Semitism. The military didn’t admit its error and he was convicted again. He eventually received a Presidential pardon.

imperialism
Imperialism

World History Midterm Review Project

Imperialism

imperialism17
Imperialism

World History Midterm Review Project

Imperialism Ch. 27 The Age of Imperialism

Imperialism

Imperialism is one country’s domination of another, politically (making laws, picking leaders, control campaigning) economically (taxes, tariffs, tax structure, job creation, exports/imports, value of $,) and socially (religion, ethnicity, education )

causes for imperialism
Causes for Imperialism

World History Midterm Review Project

Imperialism Ch. 27 The Age of Imperialism

Causes for Imperialism

The reasons for imperialism were: 1) Nationalism makes European countries build empires and compete for more land and power 2) The Industrial Revolution created a demand for raw materials and markets for finished goods 3) Religious fervor and feeling of racial and cultural superiority inspired Europeans to impose their cultures on others

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